Oliver Mtukudzi

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Oliver Mtukudzi
Picture of Oliver Mtukudzi
Oliver Mtukudzi performing
Born Oliver Mtukudzi
(1952-09-22) September 22, 1952 (age 63)
Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe
Residence Norton, Zimbabwe.
Other names Tuku
Occupation
  • Singer
  • Songwriter
  • Actor
  • Entrepreneur
Years active 1975–present
Spouse(s) Daisy, Melody Murape
Children 5: Sam, Selmor, Sandra
others not known yet
Parents Mtukudzi Senior
Website
tukumusik.com

Oliver Mtukudzi, also known as "Tuku" (short for Mtukudzi) is a singer-songwriter, actor, writer, film director and entrepreneur. With over 60 albums to his name, he is one of Zimbabwe's top musicians and lead of the band The Black Spirits. His sings a music genre known as Afro-Jazz. Mtukudzi's career spans decades, having started in 1975 when he did his debut single.[1] Mtukudzi has his own music label 'Tuku Music' which is also the name of his apparel label. Mtukudzi was lead actor in the movies "Jit" and "Neria" released in the 90s. Mtukudzi wrote and directed the successful live musical production Was My Child.[2] Mtukudzi is one of the few Zimbabweans whose music has international appeal.

Background

Mtukudzi was born on the 22nd of September 1952 in Highfield, is the first born in a family of seven siblings. His parents both sang and actually met at a competition of church choirs. His parents continued to sing and compete amongst themselves (parents) and drew in Oliver and his siblings as the judges. This musical environment drew him to music.[2] Mtukudzi developed a sense of social and economic responsibility early in life due to the premature death of his father.[3] He has four sisters and one brother.

Early Music Career

Mtukudzi’s music career started at the age of 23 with the 1975 release of his debut single, Stop After Orange. It's been stated widely, including on Mtukudzi's own website that in 1977 he teamed up with Zimbabwe top musician, Thomas Mapfumo, at a famous band called Wagon Wheels that being his official entry into the Zimbabwean music industry. Mapfumo has however denied this saying

“I was coming from Mutare myself where we were contracted at a hotel in Dangamvura. When I returned to Harare, that’s when I met Oliver. He was practising at James Bond’s place because this guy used to own equipment, so a lot of youngsters used to go there just to practise music. After I met Oliver, we had a short tour together. I was already singing my Shona music, and he was playing something strange… he was playing a guitar, singing a song like… we used to call the song Green for Go and Red for Stop.

“I said to him, ‘you guy, why don’t you sing in your mother’s language?’ He was a good guy, he took my advice. He even asked for one of my songs Tamba Zvako Marujata (Rova Ngoma Mutavara). It was a traditional tune, which I used to sing myself. He came to me and asked if he could record the music and I said you can go on and record it. It came out beautifully and everybody liked it, and I also thought it was a good song.” [4]

With the Wagon Wheels, Mtukudzi recorded Dzandimomotera, a song inspired directly by the Second Chimurenga. Dzandimomotera depicted the black man’s life struggles under white minority government.

One account says Mtukudzi left the group in 1978 to form his own group The Black Spirits and released the album Ndipiweo Zano. The Album was a hit.[5] Mtukudzi has said he intended to use the name Wagon Wheels with the new group but the Wagon Wheels managers found other musicians to continue with the band, which forced Mtukudzi to find a new name for his band.[1] Mtukudzi took several of the Wagon Wheels musicians with him to The Black Spirits.[6]

Another account however, taken from an interview Mapfumo had with New Zimbabwe says The Black Spirits was actually Mapfumo's group first:

The Black Spirits (now the name of Mtukudzi’s band) was my band,” Mapfumo says. “He was with Wagon Wheels, and then they changed it to Black Spirits. Our Black Spirits disbanded, and then we formed the Blacks Unlimited. He never played with Blacks Unlimited; he was with Wagon Wheels before they changed their name to Black Spirits. We played together on that short tour when he was singing Red for Stop and Green for Go. At that time, that group had no name when we toured… it was just Green for Go and Red for Stop.[4]

The Black Spirits

With the Black Spirits, Mtukudzi recorded many albums including Africa which was done at the country's Independence in 19880 and included two hit songs, Zimbabwe and Mazongonyedze. The album was regarded as one of the most important albums of its time.[2]

The Black Spirits has been described as ‘a group of rag-tag young stylish ghetto boys who were to become a sure force on the music scene, progressing into a household name in the ensuing years’.[7] Mtukudzi split with The Black Spirits in 1987 for two years, a period during which he sang with other backing groups like Kwekwe based Zig Zag Band.[1][2]

Tuku Music, the brand career relaunch

In the 90s Mtukudzi's music started taking him beyond the borders. He performed at a number festivals in Africa (especially South Africa) as well as other continents. During this time Mtukudzi hired a new manager, Debbie Metcalfe to help him with his contracts, revamp his business strategies and firmly established the Tuku Music brand. A South African musician Steve Dyer helped produce his first album under this brand and the album was called Tuku Music. This album is widely considered as having re-launched Mtukudzi's music career.[2] Metcalfe is credited by many for Mtukudzi's success, especially his international. Metcalfe remained Tuku Music Manager until 2009 when she and several members were dropped from the group.[8]

Style of music

Though generally considered to be Afro-Jazz, Mtukudzi's style of music is a fusion of a Zimbabwean music style called jiti, the traditional drumming patterns of his clan called katekwe, marimba, and South African mbaqanga as well as modern genres such as afro-pop. The introduction of keyboard to his music in the early 80s is said to have been influenced by West Nkosi, a well known South African producer who produced for Tuku in his early career.[1]

Mtukudzi himself has labelled his music "Tuku Music". He says however that “My fans were the first to describe my music as Tuku Music but it was only around the mid-1990s that I began to develop it as a brand name.” [2]

Discography

Albums

For Oliver Mtukudzi's full Discography, click here.

  1. 1978 Ndipeiwo Zano (re-released 2000)
  2. 1979 Chokwadi Chichabuda
  3. 1979 Muroi Ndiani?'
  4. 1980 Africa (re-released 2000)
  5. 1981 Shanje
  6. 1981 Pfambi
  7. 1982 Maungira
  8. 1982 Please Ndapota
  9. 1983 Nzara
  10. 1983 Oliver's Greatest Hits
  11. 1984 Hwema Handirase
  12. 1985 Mhaka
  13. 1986 Gona
  14. 1986 Zvauya Sei?
  15. 1987 Wawona
  16. 1988 Nyanga Yenzou
  17. 1988 Strange, Isn't It?
  18. 1988 Sugar Pie
  19. 1989 Grandpa Story
  20. 1990 Chikonzi
  21. 1990 Pss Pss Hallo!
  22. 1990 Shoko
  23. 1991 Mutorwa
  24. 1992 Rombe
  25. 1992 Rumbidzai Jehova
  26. 1992 Neria Soundtrack'
  27. 1993 Son of Africa
  28. 1994 Ziwere MuKobenhavn
  29. 1995 Was My Child
  30. 1996 Svovi yangu
  31. 1995 The Other Side: Live in Switzerland
  32. 1995 Ivai Navo
  33. 1997 Ndega Zvangu (re-released 2001)
  34. 1997 Chinhamwe
  35. 1998 Dzangu Dziye
  36. 1999 Tuku Music
  37. 2000 Paivepo
  38. 2001 Neria
  39. 2001 Bvuma (Tolerance)
  40. 2002 Shanda soundtrack
  41. 2002 Vhunze Moto
  42. 2003 Shanda (Alula Records)
  43. 2003 Tsivo (Revenge)
  44. 2004 Greatest Hits Tuku Years
  45. 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1991-1997
  46. 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1984-1991
  47. 2005 Nhava(Tolerance)
  48. 2006 Wonai
  49. 2007 Tsimba Itsoka
  50. 2008 Dairai (Believe)
  51. 2010 Rudaviro
  52. 2010 Kutsi Kwemoyo (compilation)
  53. 2011 Rudaviro
  54. 2011 "Abi'angu" (Duets of my time)[9]
  55. 2012 "Sarawoga"
  56. 2015 "Mukombe Wemvura"

Collaboration with Mathias Mhere

Between 2014 and 2015, Tuku worked helped a young gospel Musician Mahias Mhere in one of his albums. Mtukudzi is featured on the song Tsano Handei, an extract from the biblical verse found in the book of Numbers. Tsano Handei was extracted from Numbers 10 where Moses and his brother-in-law Hobab were prominently featured discussing the divine commissioned-journey from Mt Sinai to Canaan. This is not a new thing for Tuku since his career has always been spiced by collaborations with other local artists. In the recent past, he did successful collaborations with EX Q and Fungisayi Zvakavapano-Mashavave in projects which were well-received by the market.

Achievements

In 2011 the Forbes magazine included him in the Top 40 Most Powerful Celebrities in Africa in a list that included Akon, Chinua Achebe and Didier Drogba.[10] The message in his music prompted the United Nations to consider him as the UNICEF Goodwill ambassador in Eastern and Southern Africa for children development and HIV awareness.

Awards

He has won numerous local and international awards.

  • International
  1. 2002 KORA award for best Arrangement for the song Ndakuvara.
  2. 2002 SAMA finalist for Best Traditional/African Adult Contemporary DVD.
  3. 2003 KORA Best African Male Artist Lifetime Achievement Award.
  4. 2003 Reel Award for Best African Language.
  • Local

He has won six National Arts Merit Awards (NAMA) and two Zimbabwe Music Awards (ZIMA).

Pakare Paye Arts Centre

In 2003, Mtukudzi founded an institution of arts called Pakare Paye Arts Centre to develop and nurture young talent in various practical artistic endeavors particularly music, dance, drama, poetry and story-telling. The centre is constructed at an old industrial site in the small farming town of Norton, west of Harare. The center has an auditorium, a curio shop, restaurant, editing suite, a show arena with a stage, and a bar.[11]

Personal life

Mtukudzi is married to Daisy, and the two have five children and two grand children. He is the father of five children. He has been reported to have other children outside his marriage with Daisy. One of his sons, is the late Sam Mtukudzi who was also an Afro-Jazz musician. Mtukudzi has two daughters with his first wife, Melody Murape. Their names are Selmor Mtukudzi (herself a musician) and Sandra[12] Selmour has complained publicly that her dad does not support her music career.[13]

He penned the song 'Svovi' for his wife.

Mtukudzi dedicated the album 'Sarawoga' to his departed son Sam Mtukudzi, who died in a car accident on 15 March 2010.

It was reported widely in the country's media that Mtukudzi had a love affair with one of his backing vocalists, the late Mendy Chimbindi. Mtukudzi is said to have not commented on the issue.[7]

Unauthorised Biography

In 2014 Mtukudzi announced that a ‘biography’ written about him by former band publicist Shepherd Mutamba, was unauthorised saying the biography was damaging to him and his family. He said Mutamba had divulged some sensitive family matters without seeking his consent. Mtukudzi said Mutamba had agreed to show him the manuscript of the biography before publishing it but that the publicist reneged from this agreement and Mtukudzi was surprised to see excerpts from the book printed in the local newspaper, Daily News. The book, Mtukudzi said, contained "so many made-up ‘facts’, half-truths and false interpretations of my life? Why would someone who was warmly welcomed into our camp and treated with great respect want to pull me down like this Everything about the book that I have seen so far is an attack on me. Nothing positive at all. Is that Mutamba’s summary of who I am as a man? "[14]

Death Rumours

For more than six times since 2002, Mtukudzi was rumoured to have died. This triggered him to publicly declare his negative HIV status in 2013.[15]

Picture Gallery

Videos

Click here for a full page with Oliver Mtukudzi's Videos

Neria
Todii
Ziwere
Tozeza
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Latest News

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Oliver Mtukudzi Official Website Tuku Musik Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Wonder Guchu Part 1 - Oliver Mtukudzi: Journey through Time Intimacy with Zim musicians Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  3. Biography - Oliver Mtukudzi, Unicef, retrieved: 9 March 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mduduzi Mathuthu Myth busting with Thomas Mapfumo New Zimbabwe, Published: December 2008, Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  5. Ndipeiwo Zano album sleeve, Stern's Music, retrieved: 9 March 2014
  6. Craig Harris, Artist Biography - Oliver Mtukudzi ALLMUSIC Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 Wonder Guchu Is Oliver Mtukudzi two-faced? I think not Intimacy with Zim musicians Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  8. Mtukudzi drops manager, six band members, NewZimbabwe, Retrieved: 9 March 2014
  9. Albums by Oliver Mtukudzi
  10. 40 Most powerful African Celebrities
  11. PAKARE PAYE ARTS CENTRE OPERATIONAL, tukumusik.com, Published on 01 December 2009, Retrieved on 9 March 2014
  12. Zimbabwe: I Still Respect Nzou - Oliver Mtukudzi's Ex-Wife
  13. Esther Gomo, Selmor Mtukudzi lashes out at ‘unsupportive dad’, Nehanda Radio, Retrieved:9 March 2014
  14. Tuku disowns ‘biography’ NewsDay, Published: 15 Sept 2014, Retrieved 9 Nov 215
  15. Mtukudzi: 'I've been dead 5 times'