Chimurenga is a Shona word which means revolution.

In Zimbabwe, the word is normally used to refer to 3 revolutions:

  • The First Chimurenga - First war of liberation
  • The Second Chimurenga - Second war of liberation that started around 1966 and last until 1980 at Zimbabwe's independence. The war is estimated to have cost more than 30,000 lives.[1]
  • The Third Chimurenga - War veteran led land invasions that started in the late 90s into the early 00s.


  1. by David Martin, Phyllis Johnson: The Chitepo Assassination. Page:5 Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1985. ISBN 0 949225 04 5.