Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is a politician and the First Secretary of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front. On the 3rd of August 2018 ZEC Chairperson Priscilla Chigumba announced that Mnangagwa had won the popular vote by 50.8% ,hence he was duly elected to be the president of Zimbabwe as of 03 August 2018.

Emmerson Mnangagwa
Picture of Emmerson Mnangagwa
Emmerson Mnangagwa
Born Emmerson Mnangagwa
September 15, 1942
Midlands, Zimbabwe
Residence Harare, Zimbabwe.
Spouse(s) Auxilia Mnangagwa
Children Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior, Collin, Sean, Chido Emma, Farai Celine, Justine Mhurai, Samora Samuel [1]
Website www.twitter.com/edmnangagwa

He is former Vice President of Zimbabwe and was dismissed on the 5th of November 2017. He had been removed from his post as Minister of Justice and replaced by Happyton Bonyongwe a month earlier. A few days after his dismissal as Vice President, Mnangagwa, was expelled from Zanu-PF Party only to be reinstated by the Central Committee on the 19th of November 2017 as party leader and state-president-in-waiting.Central Committee Meeting Outcome:2017 [2].He was sworn in on the 24th of November 2017 as Head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.[3].


Contents

Background

Mnangagwa was born on the 15th of September 1942 to mother Mhurai and father Mafidhi Mnangagwa.[4] He was born in a family of 6 in colonial Rhodesia , present-day Zvishavane in the Midlands province of Zimbabwe. He is married to Auxilia Mnangagwa who is currently M.P for Chirumhanzu Zibagwe Parliamentary Seat Midlands Province. Auxillia is Mnangagwa's' third wife and together they have three children namely Emmerson Junior, Collin and Sean. He also has other children, Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior and Samora Samuel.[5]

Education

He did his early primary education in Zvishavane in the Midlands Province, before his family relocated to Zambia in 1955, where he attended Mumbwa Boarding School, Kafue Trade School and Hodgson Technical College. He was expelled from college in 1960 for political activism and joined the Zambia United National Independent Party.[6]

Political Career

He joined politics at a very tender age after being recruited into the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) by Willie Musarurwa in 1962. He then went to China and later Egypt where he received his military training in 1963.[7] During his early days as a political activist he was nick-named "Ngwena" due to his crocodile style in sabotage activities against the colonial government.[5] It was reported that he was part of the Crocodile Gang, an elite group of guerrilla fighters during Zimbabwe's war of independence from white race minority rule which carried out massive sabotage activities against the colonial government.

When he came back from China, he was reported to have fought the liberation struggle against the Ian Smith regime. He is believed to have been a victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and tortured in 1965 after allegedly helping blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) He was reportedly given a death sentence but eventually spent the following ten years in prison. The torture was reported to have been so severe that he lost the sense of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.[8]

Emmerson Mnangagwa Timeline

Involvement in Zanu PF Political Violence

Gukurahundi

Mnangagwa is believed to have been largely involved in the infamous Gukurahundi Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He was reported to have worked hand in hand with the army to suppress Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) then led by Joshua Nkomo.After appointment as National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and it is believed that the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in Matabeleland and Manicaland Province.[9] His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era.[10]

Gukurahundi apology

During an interview at the sidelines of the World Economic Forum held in Davos, Switzerland Mnangagwa refused to apologize for the Gukurahundi atrocity that happened in the 1980s whilst he was still a Minister in the Mugabe administration. While being interviewed in Davos, Switzerland by Mishal Husain, Mnangagwa admitted that he was in a position of power when the Gukurahundi massacres took place. Mnangagwa was Minister of National Security which was responsible for the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO). He said that he was open to appearing before the National Healing and Peace Commission. He, however, disputed the 20 000 figure and said that the number of casualties is actually lesser than that. When told that he could just apologise for the atrocities as a starting point, Mnangagwa said there is nothing more than him signing the Peace and Reconciliation Bill into law.[11]

Corruption Allegations

D.R.C.Minerals

Mnangagwa was pointed out by the United Nations in 2001 as the architect behind Zanu-PF's illicit dealings in the Democratic Republic of Congo.These deals had to do with the Zimbabwe National Army and other unnamed businessmen from both countries. There was widespread speculation that he got access to the DRC's mineral wealth due to Zimbabwe's taking part in the war. .[12]

Unlawful Release

There were allegations that were made in the press to the effect that Mnangagwa had unlawfully facilitated the release of George Tanyanyiwa Chikanga in 2000. This was reported to have taken place while the President was still the minister of Legal and Parliamentary affairs.[13] Chikanga was reported to have committed several crimes ranging from armed robbery to fraud, involving figures reaching up to USD 7 million.[14]

Share Dispute

Mnangagwa and his son Emmerson Jnr were involved in a $600 000 shares dispute between two Harare businessmen Brian Jembere and Paris Olympics. The local media reported that Jembere bought $600 000 worth of shares in Olympics’ H.E.R (Private) Limited company. Mnangagwa’s wife reportedly operates a salon at H.E.R premises, which is located at number 18311 Chiremba Road in Hillside in Harare. It was strongly believed that Olympics being closely linked to Mnangagwa used the Zimbabwe Republic Police to abuse the country’s criminal justice system to outdo Jembere.[15]

Bid To Succeed Mugabe

Tsholotsho Declaration

In 2004, in what became known as the Tsholotsho Declaration, a group led by six Zanu PF provincial chairmen, some members of the Politburo, Central Committee, MPs, Veterans of the War of Liberation met at Dinyane Secondary School in Tsholotsho where an agreement was allegedly struck to install Emmerson Mnangagwa in the presidium following the death of Simon Muzenda.[16]

Under the scheme, Mnangagwa would assume the vice-presidency and eventually the leadership of Zanu-PF and the country. The meeting was allegedly held ahead of a key Zanu-PF congress in 2004. Although Mnangagwa had secured the support of six of the country’s 10 provinces, he was outdone by Mugabe’s move to amend the party’s constitution to ensure that one of the party’s vice-presidents was a woman. The decision saw Joice Mujuru being appointed vice-president.[17].

Following the failure of the succession plot, participants in the declaration were suspended from the party with the exception of Mnangagwa who was appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities, a position considered to be of low significance[18]

Ouster of Mujuru and Appointment as Vice President

Mnangagwa was eventually appointed as Vice President of Zimbabwe in 2014 after the Factionalism in Zanu-PF saw the ouster of Joice Mujuru from Zanu-PF, Mujuru was dismissed from the presidium by Former President Robert Mugabe due to her alleged abuse of office and incompetence. Mnangagwa's appointment followed 10 days later, on 10 December 2014 during the publicized ZANU PF 6th National People's Conference held from 2 December in Harare.[19]

Mnangagwa was appointed as both second secretary of the Zanu- PF party as well as state Vice President of the country. He was appointed together with Phelekezela Mphoko representing the ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union) wing as part of the Unity Accord agreement. Mnangagwa's appointment came after years of speculation on who would land the job after the death of John Nkomo. Most analysts predicted Mnangagwa would land the post due to his unquestioned loyalty to Robert Mugabe. There was also speculation that the decline of the Mujuru led faction and the relegation of Joice Mujuru left Mnangagwa with considerable support both in the politburo as well as in the Central Committee. It is generally believed that Mnangagwa enjoyed popular support from Zanu-PF forefront leaders such as the former Secretary of the Women's League Grace Mugabe, Jonathan Moyo, Oppah Muchinguri, Obert Mpofu and Christopher Mutsvangwa.

Team Lacoste vs G40

From the dawn of these two factions believed to be part of Zanu-PF, a lot of friction and finger pointing on who did what was very evident.Some members of the party openly talked about the two factions on rallies.The main pointers being how one faction might outdo the other and which faction was better.Mnangagwa was tied to the Lacoste Faction (a play on Mnangagwa's nickname which means crocodile and the crocodile logo on the Lacoste clothing label) while the G40 was reported to have been led by Grace Mugabe.[20]

Dimissal and Expulsion from the party

Emerson Mnangagwa was dismissed from Government on various charges including discharging his duties in a manner inconsistent with his official duties, disloyalty, disrespect, deceitfulness and unreliability and a lack of probity in the execution of his duties by Robert Mugabe.[21]Following the recommendations from the Zanu-PF Youth League, Zanu-PF Women's League and ten provinces that Mnangagwa should be expelled from the party,he was expelled following the 313th ordinary session of the Politburo on the 8th of November 2017.[21] This dismissal was generally thought as motivated by the increasingly tense factional fights.

Reinstatement into the Party

The Zanu-PF Central Committee which is the highest decision-making body outside of Congress dismissed Robert Mugabe as the party leader and first secretary of Zanu-PF on 19 November 2017.Emmerson Mnangagwa was appointed party leader and state-president-in-waiting.[22]

Assuming The Presidency

On the 24th of November 2017 Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn as President of Zimbabwe after Zanu-PF party had voted him as president in waiting and reinstatement into the party.The swearing in took place at the National Sports Stadium in Harare and was conducted by Luke Malaba

Alleged Assasination Attempts

Attempted Poisoning 2014

The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation Television reported that there was an attempt to poison the former Vice President just before he was appointed Vice President. Unknown assailants were believed to have sprinkled the deadly cyanide poison in Mnangagwa’s office at the new government complex in Harare.[19] It was also reported that Mnangagwa was lucky to survive after his secretary, the first one to enter into office was seriously affected by the poison.She was rushed to a local hospital where she was treated.[19]Former President Robert Mugabe broke the news on 10 December 2014 while announcing the new look on Zanu-PF Politburo, which saw Mnangagwa replace Joyce Mujuru as Robert Mugabe’s deputy.[19]

Alleged Ice Cream Poisoning 2017

Mnangagwa was ferried from a Youth Interface Rally in Gwanda in August 2017, after he fell ill and started vomiting.It was alleged that he had eaten ice cream from Gushungo Dairy. He was later airlifted to South Africa, where he was reported to have recovered. However, days later the then Minister of Information and Publicity Christopher Mushohwe, dismissed the poisoning allegations refuting that Mnangagwa had not eaten any ice cream at all. He was reported to have said that the former Vice President had instead eaten, stale food which had upset his stomach. Mnangagwa further cemented that he was not poisoned.

“I would like to put it on record straight regarding my alleged consumption of ice cream from Gushungo Dairy at the High Table on the occasion of the Youth Interface Rally at Pelandaba Stadium in Gwanda, in Matabeleland South Province on Saturday 12th August 2017. No such thing ever occurred. The insinuation that I partook ice cream from the said dairy is false and mischievous, and being peddled by unscrupulous elements with a sinister agenda of creating a rift between me and the first family and lower market confidence in the products from the dairy and cause unnecessary alarm and despondency among peace-loving Zimbabweans."

However, at the end of September 2017, Mnangagwa confirmed rumours that he had been poisoned which he and state officials had dismissed. Speaking at the memorial service of the late Shuvai Mahofa in Masvingo, Mnangagwa said:

“I have come to tell you that what happened to Mai Mahofa in Victoria Falls is what also happened to me. “I am making tremendous recovery. Those who wished me dead will be ashamed because when God’s time for one to die is not up, he will not die. I still have many years to live and the truth will come out,” [23]

November 2017 Assassination Attempt

Upon his return after the reinstatement, Mnangagwa reportedly indicated in his opening speech that he had fled the country and went into exile.The main reason reported was that he was informed that his life was in danger and there were plans to eliminate him within two hours of him getting the letter of dismissal.Emmerson Mnangagwa’s First Speech After Returning To The Country

June 2018 Explosion At Bulawayo Rally

On 23 June 2018, after Mnangagwa addressed as rally at White City Stadium in Bulawayo, an explosion went off as he left the stage. Several people near him were injured including, Vice President Kembo Mohadi, Marry Chiwenga (wife to Vice President Constantino Chiwenga) and others. Mnangagwa himself escaped unscathed.

Commenting on the attack later that day, Mnangagwa said that the cowardly act would not get in the way of holding a peaceful election on 30 July 2018.[24]

Calls for Peace, Love After Stadium Blast

After Emmerson Mnangagwa, survived an assassination attempt at an election campaign rally, he said that Zimbabweans should address their differences amicably and not resort to violence to resolve any conflict.

In a statement following a blast at White City Stadium in the country’s second largest city, Bulawayo, Mnangagwa urged Zimbabweans to always embrace each other with love and not engage in violence.[25]

Mnangagwa’s Administration placed Under USA Sanctions

United States renewed sanctions against President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s administration and former ZANU-PF leader Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace.New Ministers appointed after the Mugabe ouster and who were not on the list of targeted sanctions were also added on the list.

Promises Made by Emmerson Mnangagwa


TIME Magazine’s 100 Most Influential people

In 2018 President Emmerson Mnangagwa was listed on TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential people in the world. Mnangagwa is listed together with US-based South African comedian Trevor Noah.Mnangagwa was listed in the leaders category. [26]

Promise to step down in the event of loosing the 2018 presidential election

Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Lieutenant-General (retired) Sibusiso Moyo said that President Emmerson Mnangagwa was prepared to step down if he lost the 2018 presidential elections to MDC-T leader Nelson Chamisa or any other opposition candidate. Minister Moyo made the revelation at Chatham House in the United Kingdom, where he spoke on the government’s plans for re-engagement and renewal of Zimbabwe’s international economic relations. [27]


launching campaign pledge card

Emmerson Mnangagwa launched a campaign pledge card and called on Zimbabweans to hold him accountable for his promises.Releasing the pledge card, Emmerson who was the Zanu PF presidential candidate in the July 30 harmonised elections said in the new Zimbabwe leaders must be public servants, be open, transparent and accountable to the people.

He said each pledge card has his signature and should be considered a coupon of progress and development and a certificate of trust between the people and himself.[28]

Zimbabwe is open for Bussiness

Emmerson Mnangagwa said the country was "open for business" after almost four decades of oppressive rule by former leader Robert Mugabe.

Mnangagwa, who took the top job in November following Mugabe's dramatic resignation, said his priority was embracing the international economy and modernizing infrastructure, in an interview with CNN's Richard Quest at the World Economic Forum in Davos.Mnangagwa pledged "zero tolerance on corruption" and said he was "doing everything possible to deal with our debts.[29]

#AfCFTA: PRESIDENT MNANGAGWA SAYS ZIMBABWE IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS


Zimbabwe President: We can learn from past mistakes


Warning Oppostion parties

Addressing a rally outside Mucheke Stadium, Mnangagwa warned the opposition that Zanu PF revenge will be sour if they continued to assult and intimidate Zanu-PF suppoters.

Let’s show humility in Zanu PF and respect. Our respect and calmness should, however, not be regarded as weakness, if you anger us, you will see us, when things come to a head, you will see that we are not cheap people. When things are bad, we will be equal to the challenge. Do not start it with us,” he said.
.[30]

2018 campaign videos

ED Mnangagwa's Mutare Rally


Mnangagwa at ZANU PF Masvingo rally - Mucheke Stadium


Casting the ballot Kweke -2018 elections

President Emmerson Mnangagwa casts his vote


Congradulations messages

Cyril Rhamaposa

Cyril Ramaphosa, who is also the chairperson of SADC, called and congratulated Emmerson Mnangagwa on his election as president of Zimbabwe, following elections which were held on the 30th of July 2018[31].


Trivia

Comment on Nicknname

Mnangagwa was reported to have said this about his nickname::
“You know the trait of a crocodile, don’t you? It never hunts outside water. It always goes into the water to catch its prey. It never goes in the villages or in the bush looking for food. It strikes at the appropriate time. So a good guerrilla leader strikes at the appropriate time. That’s the import of the nicknames we give each other”[32]

Some Articles About Emmerson Mnangagwa

Zanu-PF Seniors Asking For Millions From Potential Investors To Organise Meetings With Mnangagwa Thu Dec 13 2018

Zimbabwe Needs Dialogue Not Another GNU- Chamisa Thu Dec 13 2018

Chamisa Pleads With ZANU PF For Talks, Says ‘We Are Being Pushed By The Power Of Love’ Thu Dec 13 2018

See more news on Emmerson Mnangagwa

References

  1. BLESSED MHLANGA, Mnangagwa’s son charged, Newsday, Published: 18 Feb 2016, Retrieved: 18 Feb 2016
  2. [1], , Published: 22 March 2016, Retrieved: 27 July 2016
  3. Mnangagwa sworn in as Zimbabwe’s new President , , Published: 24 November 2017 , Retrieved: 24 November 2017
  4. President Consoles Mnangagwa Family, The Zimbabwe Situation, Published: December 11, 2010, Retrieved:January 22, 2015
  5. 5.0 5.1 C. Manyuke, Profile Emmerson-Mnangagwa, "Chronicle", published:11 Dec 14,retrieved:11 Dec 14"
  6. 6.0 6.1 ED’s timeline , ,24 November 2017: DATE_24 November 2017
  7. Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa
  8. Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa
  9. Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands
  10. Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa
  11. [2], Mnangagwa Refuses To Apologise For Gukurahundi, Says The Commission Is Enough, Published: 24 January 2018 , Retrieved: January 24 2018
  12. J. Winter, Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa, "BBC News", published:30 Mar 07,retrieved:11 Dec 14"
  13. Zimbabwe: State Completes Probe Into Mnangagwa, Chikanga Case, AllAfrica, Published: September 20, 2002, Retrieved: January 7, 2015,
  14. Pedzisai Ruhanya, Mnangagwa visited jailed armed robber, Daily News, Published: October 25, 2001, Retrieved: January 7, 2014
  15. T. Kamhungira, Mnangagwa sucked into $600 000 share dispute,Nehanda Radio, published:13 Jan 2015,retrieved:14 Jan 2015"
  16. Zanu PF exorcises Tsholotsho ghost, NewsDay, published: September 9, 2013, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016
  17. Gumbo comes to Mujuru’s defence, attacks Herald, New Zimbabwe, published: October 31, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1,2016
  18. Alex Magaisa, The Year Of The Crocodile, Alex Magaisa, published: December 10, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 , VP Mnangagwa escapes poisoning, "ZBC", published:10 Dec 2014,retrieved:11 Dec 2014"
  20. Lacoste vs G40: ED ‘poisoning’ triggers vicious fight , The Standard, Published: 10 September 2017, Retrieved: 11 November 2017
  21. 21.0 21.1 Zanu-PF expels Mnangagwa, The Herald, Published: 09 November 2017, Retrieved: 09 November 2017
  22. of People Expelled From Zanu-PF Following Central Committee Meeting , Published: 19 November 2017 , Retrieved: 22 November 2017
  23. Everson Mushava/Blessed Mhlanga (October 2, 2017). "It's gloves off: Mnangagwa". NewsDay. AMH. Retrieved October 2, 2017. 
  24. Explosion At Mnangagwa Bulawayo Rally ⋆ Pindula News, Pindula News, published: 23 Jun 2018, retrieved: 24 Jun 2018
  25. President Mnangagwa Calls for Peace, Love After Stadium Blast, VOA, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018
  26. [3], President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been listed on TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential people in the world, Published: DATE_PUBLISHED_HERE , Retrieved: 20 April 2018
  27. [4], Mnangagwa Is Prepared To Step Down If He Loses 2018 Elections: S.B. Moyo, Published: 24 April 2018 , Retrieved: 24 April 2018
  28. Mnangagwa launches campaign pledge card, The Zimbabwe Mail, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018
  29. President Mnangagwa: Zimbabwe 'open for business' , CNN, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018
  30. Mnangagwa warns opposition parties over violence - NewsDay Zimbabwe, NewsDay Zimbabwe, published: 17 Jun 2018, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018
  31. Ramaphosa congratulates Mnangagwa, Bulawayo24 News, retrieved: 3 Aug 2018
  32. Alex Magaisa, Interview with “The Crocodile”: Insights from Mnangagwa’s recent interview , AlexMagaisa.com , Published:4 September 2015 , Retrieved: 19 February 2016