Dr. Masipula Sithole (died 4 April 2003, aged 56) was a Zimbabwean scholar, political scientist, and author. Sithole was a long time critic of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front political party and its leader, Robert Mugabe. He was also the younger brother of Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole, who was one of the founders of ZANU PF.

Sithole is most known for writing the book "Zimbabwe struggles within the struggle" which was published in 1977 in Rhodesia before it was to attain independence and renamed Zimbabwe. The book is noted for revealing facts of infighting among the emerging black political leadership who were fighting for independence.

Sithole also authored "Fighting Authoritarianism in Zimbabwe" and was a columnist in Zimbabwean newspapers.