Ministry of Mines and Mining Development is a Ministry in the Government of Zimbabwe responsible for the administration of the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05) of Zimbabwe. The minister responsible for the portfolio is Winston Chitando.


The Ministry of Mines and Mining Development is responsible for the administration of the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05) of Zimbabwe. They formulate, monitor and evaluate implementation of mining development policies which are geared to effectively account for the country's mineral resources for the benefit of every Zimbabwean.[1]


To be the provider of a world class mining environment for the benefit of Zimbabwe by 2020.


To promote sustainable exploration, mining, processing marketing and management of mineral resources for the benefit of all Zimbabweans.


  • Minister - Winston Chitando
  • Deputy Minister - Polite Kambamura
  • Permanent Secretary - Onesimo Moyo

Economic Contribution

Zimbabwe's mining industry is focussed on a diverse range of small to medium mining operations. The most important minerals produced by Zimbabwe include gold, asbestos, chromite, coal and base metals. The mining industry contributes approximately 8% towards the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

What regulates mining law?

Mining law is principally regulated in terms of the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05) and the regulations made in terms of that Act. These include:

  • the Mining (General) Regulations
  • the Mining (Management and Safety) Regulations
  • the Mining (Health and Sanitation) Regulations, and
  • the Mines and Minerals (Custom Milling Plants) Regulations.

Another key piece of legislation in the regulation of Mining Law is the Environmental Management Act (Chapter 20:27)

Which Government body/ies administer the mining industry?

The Mines and Minerals Act, the Minerals Corporation of Zimbabwe Act (Chapter 21:04), the Gold Trade Act (Chapter 21:03), the Precious Stones Act (Chapter 21:06), the Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe Incorporation (Private) Act (Chapter 21:02), the Base Minerals Export Control Act (Chapter 21:01) and the Environmental Management Act, establish a number of bodies and functionaries administering various aspect of the mining industry. These include:

  • The President of the country. He has certain responsibilities reserved for him in the granting and withdrawal of certain mining rights especially relating to coal, oil and gas.
  • The Ministry of Mines and Mining Development. The Minister and the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry have various responsibilities that they perform in the Mining Industry.
  • The Mining Affairs Board, which is responsible for the granting or certain mining rights and the withdrawal of same and the approval of certain agreements and transactions.
  • Mining Commissioners, who are now being referred to as Provncial Mining Directors. The Mines and Minerals Act has not yet been amended to record the change in title
  • The Environmental Management Authority, which is responsible for granting the environmental impact assessment certificates before mining projects can commence.
  • The Chamber of Mines, which represents the interests of the Mining Industry.
  • The National Employment Council for the Mining Industry, which deals with employment and related matters in the miming industry
  • The Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ), which is responsible for the marketing of minerals in Zimbabwe.[2]


  • Formulating mining development policies;
  • Monitoring and evaluating the implementation of mining development policies;
  • Designing mechanisms geared at effective accounting for the country’s mineral resources;
  • Administering and reviewing mining laws;
  • Attracting investment in the mining industry;
  • Promoting the beneficiation of mineral resources;
  • Exploring, developing and beneficiating coal bed methane;
  • Promoting and developing small-scale mining;
  • Facilitating the indigenization of the mining sector;
  • Supervising and coordinating mining parastatals and State Enterprises.


  • 6th Floor, ZIMRE Centre, Cnr L.Takawira St/ K. Nkrumah Ave, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Telephone: (263) 242 777022 - (263) 242 777029
  • Email:
  • Website:


  1. [1], Ministry of Mines and Mining Development, Accessed: 16 September, 2020
  2. [2], ICLG, Accessed: 16 September, 2020