Soko Murehwa is a Zimbabwean totem/mutupo/isibongo. The totem has a very long history among the indigenous societies which include the Shona, the Ndebele, Tonga, Venda, Kalanga, among others. Every totem has a branch which distinguishes it from the others. In Shona, these small branches are referred to as chidawo in Shona. In this particular instance, Murehwa is the chidawo for the totem.
Soko Murehwa, which belongs to the main Soko cluster has a close relationship with the animal monkey and its taboos include refraining from monkey meat. It has for long been used as a form of identity; identifying people of belonging to that totem with a unique social, economic, or historical background and past. It was thus a common unifying factor which bound together individuals, families and clans.
Totems in Zimbabwe are not a thing of the past despite the changes that have come with time. Many people are still identified by their respective totems. Like other totems in Zimbabwe, the Soko Murehwa totem is used in addressing people, by and large the elders, and is associated with family dignity and respect. It has also been used in praise poetry, thanksgiving, even in times of mourning.
See Totems, Zimbabwe.
Shona Praise Poem
Soko yangu yiyi
Maita zvenyu Vari Makoromokwa
Vamahobi anenge rihwa
Kuziva zvenyu, VaNhombatsva
Maita Mwana waPfumojena
Vane meso anoendaenda
kunge zangira remukaka
Chirongo changu chichi
Vane kufamba kunenge kukavira nyimo
Kutizira kuchinge kudyara nzungu
Maita Vari Mandiya
Wakakumba dzose netsombori
semheni yemvura yemunhurukwa
Pambambarize maiti mobviswa, maiti “Ndofira pano”
Pamasvosve maitakura chara negumbo
Muchinamira ruware somunobika kana kupakura sadza
Mava pashongwe, mokarara, mukono waTingini
kwakarera mukanwa nemunyu
Vane vhudzi risingapumhwi
Zvaitwa Mwana waTingini
anokwira Rupara nemeno
- , Soko Murehwa,Shona History, retrieved:16 Mar 2015"