Umvukela is an Ndebele language word which means revolution.
In Zimbabwe, the word is normally used to refer to 3 revolutions:
- THe First Umvukela - First war of liberation
- The Second Umvukela - Second war of liberation that started around 1966 and last until 1980 at Zimbabwe's independence. The war is estimated to have cost more than 30,000 lives.
- The Third Umvukela - War veteran led land invasions that started in the late 90s into the early 00s.
- by David Martin, Phyllis Johnson: The Chitepo Assassination. Page:5 Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1985. ISBN 0 949225 04 5.