Difference between revisions of "Augustine Chihuri"

 
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{{Infobox person
 
{{Infobox person
 
| name                      = Augustine Chihuri
 
| name                      = Augustine Chihuri
| image                    = Chihuri.jpg
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| image                    = Augustine-Chihuri1-w.jpg
|image_size        =  250px
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|image_size        =   
 
| alt                      = Augustine Chihuri, Zimbabwe Police Commissioner
 
| alt                      = Augustine Chihuri, Zimbabwe Police Commissioner
 
| caption                  = Augustine Chihuri
 
| caption                  = Augustine Chihuri
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| birth_date                = {{Birth date and age|mf=yes|1953|3|10}}
 
| birth_date                = {{Birth date and age|mf=yes|1953|3|10}}
 
| birth_place              = [[Harare]], Zimbabwe
 
| birth_place              = [[Harare]], Zimbabwe
| residence                = [[Harare]], [[Zimbabwe]].
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| residence                = Lilongwe, Malawi (Living in Exile).
 
| other_names              =  
 
| other_names              =  
 
| qualifications            =  
 
| qualifications            =  
 
| occupation                = {{flat list|
 
| occupation                = {{flat list|
*Commissioner General of the [[Zimbabwe Republic Police]]
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*Former Commissioner General of the [[Zimbabwe Republic Police]]
 
}}
 
}}
| years_active              = 1994–present
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| years_active              = 1994–2017
 
| net_worth                =  
 
| net_worth                =  
| spouse                    = Isabel
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| spouse                    = Isabel Chihuri
 
| children                  =  
 
| children                  =  
 
| parents                  =  
 
| parents                  =  
 
| relatives                =  
 
| relatives                =  
 
| alma_mater                =  
 
| alma_mater                =  
| religion                  = [[Christianity]]
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| religion                  = Christianity
 
| twitter                  =  
 
| twitter                  =  
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| website                  =
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}}
  
| website                  =  
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'''Augustine Chihuri''' is a retired Zimbabwe law enforcement officer and former [[Zimbabwe Republic Police]] Commissioner General. He is a war veteran who received his military training at Mgagao in Tanzania <ref name="DailyNews">Mugove Tafirenyika[http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2014/05/30/chihuri-collapses-at-parade Chihuri collapses at parade], ''DailyNews'', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref> as well as the longest-serving police chief in Zimbabwe since Independence.<ref name="Newsday"/>
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On '''13 November 2017''' when the [[Zimbabwe Defence Forces]] Commander [[Constantino Chiwenga]] [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2017/11/13/general-chiwenga-warns-zanu-pf-to-stop-purging-liberation-icons/ announced that the military would not hesitate to intervene] in [[Zanu-PF]] succession politics, '''Chihuri''' was notably not part of the generals present when the statement was issued, indicating that the [[ZRP]] was not on board with the threatened military takeover.
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==Personal Details==
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Born: '''10 March 1953'''.
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==School / Education==
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'''August 2015''': graduated with a Doctor of Philosophy Degree from Mount Camel Institute of Business. <br/>
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His thesis ''The History of Policing in Zimbabwe'' was released as a book on '''25 September 2015'''. <ref name="Hera">Daniel Nemukuyu, [http://www.herald.co.zw/chihuri-graduates/ Chihuri graduates], ''Herald'', Published: August 4, 2015, Retrieved: August 4, 2015</ref> <br/>
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No other information could be found on his Junior or High School, or any other tertiary education.
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==Service / Career==
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'''Chihuri''' was a member of the [[Zimbabwe People's Army]] which was an attempt at unifying the two major military outfits [[ZANLA]] and [[ZIPRA]] of the Nationalist parties fighting for Zimbabwe's independence, [[ZANU]] and [[ZAPU]] respectively. '''Chihuri''' was reportedly imprisoned, along with other ZIPRA leadership after a meeting convened by Samora Machel where [[Robert Mugabe]] was present during the war for Zimbabwe's Independence. His name during the [[Second Chimurenga]] was "Chocha."
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'''Chihuri''' has been in the [[ZRP]] for more than 23 years. His contract as Head of the ZRP was renewed  over 13 times since '''1997'''. <ref name="Newsday">Moses Matenga, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2014/05/30/chihuri-collapses/ Chihuri collapses], 'Newsday', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref>  He took over the reigns as Acting Commissioner in '''1991''' replacing [[Henry Mkurazhizha]]. Two years later he became substantive Police Commissioner in '''1993'''. In '''2008''' he was appointed to Commissioner General of Police when the post was created to replace that of Commissioner. His term was extended by four years.
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==Events==
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===Involvement in Zanu-PF===
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====Declaration to Party====
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'''Chihuri''' was reported to have openly declared his allegiance to the [[Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front]] (Zanu PF) in '''2001''' and continued to do so for much of his career as police commissioner afterward. This revelation had mixed reactions, especially coming from for a police commissioner. '''Chihuri'''  was quoted to have threatened to sack all senior police officers who were accused of backing the opposition party [[MDC-T]]. <ref name="Financialgazette"> [http://www.zimbabwesituation.com/july13_2001.html 27 MDC officials arrested], ''Financial Gazette'', Published:12 July 2001, Retrieved:8 June 2014 </ref>
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'''Chihuri''' was reported to have indicated  that members of the Z.R.P who did not support [[Zanu-PF]] should leave the force and that he himself would not serve under an M.D.C government. <ref name="ec">Eddie Cross, [http://www.eddiecross.africanherd.com/060118.html A Letter to R.M.], ''Eddie Cross personal blog'', Published:28 December 2005, Retrieved:8 June 2014 </ref>
  
}}
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====Factionalism====
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Regardless of publicly announcing his allegiance to Zanu PF under Mugabe, '''Chihuri''' was accused as being a member of the Mujuru faction when the battle to succeed Mugabe intensified before the party's 6th Congress held in Harare in '''December 2014'''. It was reported that service chiefs were supporting [[Joice Mujuru]] who was accused of harbouring ambitions to oust [[Robert Mugabe]] from being the country's president as well as the party's first secretary. <ref name="ELIAS">Elias Mlambo, [http://www.theindependent.co.zw/2014/11/21/security-chiefs-face-purging/ Security chiefs face purging], ''Zimbabwe Independent'', published:21 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> It was reported that on '''18 November 2014''', '''Chihuri''' tendered his resignation letter to Mugabe after Mugabe had earlier on expressed his displeasure with his work. <ref name="TAWANDA">Tawanda Manjoni, [http://www.thezimbabwean.co/politics/74154/mugabe-forces-chihuri-to-retire.html Mugabe forces Chihuri to retire], ''The Zimbabwean'', published:26 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref>
  
'''Augustine Chihuri''' is the current [[Zimbabwe Republic Police]] Commissioner General. He is a war veteran who received his military training at Mgagao in Tanzania.  His nom de guerre during the [[Second Chimurenga]] was "Chocha."  He took over the reigns as Acting Commissioner in 1991 replacing [[Henry Mkurazhizha]].<ref>Mugove Tafirenyika, [http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2014/05/30/chihuri-collapses-at-parade Chihuri collapses at parade], ''DailyNews'', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref> Two years later he eventually became substantive Police Commissioner in 1993. In 2008 he was appointed to his current position when the position of Commissioner General of Police was created to replace that of Commissioner. His term extended by four years. He is the longest serving police chief at the helm for more than 23 years having been rewarded with a contract renewal over 13 times since 1997.<ref>Moses Matenga, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2014/05/30/chihuri-collapses/ Chihuri collapses], 'NewsDay', Publishsed: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref>
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====Dismissal Bids====
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Reports circulated that Mugabe had indicated that he was not keen to extend '''Chihuri''''s contract, something that he was accustomed to since '''Chihuri''''s appointment in '''1993'''. <ref name="NUNURAI">Nunurai Jena, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/12/05/chihuri-chiwenga-contracts-expire/ Chihuri, Chiwenga contracts expire], ''Southern Eye'', published:5 Dec 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> [[Trust Mugova]] was indicated as the suitable and preferred candidate to replace '''Chihuri'''. The issue to oust '''Chihuri''' eventually subsided. '''Chihuri''' was reportedly forced to announce that he was not aligned to the Mujuru faction and [[Charity Charamba]] issued a press statement dismissing allegations that the police force was behind Mujuru. <ref name="FUNGI"/>
  
On 13 November when the [[Zimbabwe Defence Forces]] Commander [[Constantino Chiwenga]] [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2017/11/13/general-chiwenga-warns-zanu-pf-to-stop-purging-liberation-icons/ announced that the military would not hesitate to intervene] in Zanu-PF succession politics, Chihuri was notably not part of the generals present when the statement was issued, indicating that the ZRP was not on board with the threatened military takeover.
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On '''13 January 2015''', it was reported that some Zanu PF members targeting security chiefs began to call for '''Chihuri''''s ouster again. <ref name="FUNGI">Fungi Kwaramba, [http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2015/01/12/zanu-pf-hawks-target-chihuri Zanu PF hawks target Chihuri], ''Daily News'', published:12 Jan 2015,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> They claimed that he failed to repent, thus remaining closely associated with ousted Mujuru, necessitating his failure to arrest Mujuru as well as ordering investigations on corruption allegations levelled against [[Joice Mujuru]].  '''Chihuri''' vowed to take into consideration Mugabe's calls to bring to book those accused of being corrupt at Morris Depot during a pass parade. <ref name=" FELUNA">Feluna Nleya, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2014/12/19/police-boss-chihuri-vows-swoop-mujuru-camp/ Police boss Chihuri vows to swoop on Mujuru camp], ''Newsday'', published:19 Dec 2014, retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> '''Chihuri''''s stance was viewed as a move to exonerate himself from being aligned to the Mujuru faction.
  
On 14 November 2017, after the [https://www.pindula.co.zw/Zimbabwe_Defence_Forces_Country_Takeover,_November_2017 military took over control of ZBC], Chihuri was reportedly arrested by the [[Zimbabwe Defence Forces]] at night. Other officials reportedly arrested that night include President [[Robert Mugabe]] and his family, [[Ignatius Chombo]] and [[Kudzai Chipanga]].
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===Involvement in Corruption===
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In '''2013'''  '''Chihuri''' was accused of fraud by other police officers. He allegedly integrated more than 15 000 unqualified civilian personnel and went ahead to give them force numbers. Some of them were said to have been promoted to the ranks of Sergeants and Assistant Inspectors, despite having not even sat for the mandatory promotional examinations. <ref>Mxolisi Ncube, [http://www.thezimbabwean.co/news/zimbabwe/64134/top-cops-accuse-chihuri-of.html Top cops accuse Chihuri of fraud], 'The Zimbabwean', Published: 6 Mar 2013, Retrieved: 29 May 2014</ref> These are said to have been untrained civilians and ZANU PF youth militia.
  
== Background ==
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In '''June 2014''', it was reported that '''Chihuri''' illegally forced [[Bazil Nyapokoto]] (a  detective within the ZRP) to resign after he testified against the police force. The police force agreed to pay damages amounting to US$64 000 to Nyapokoto within two months.<ref name="MUPONDE">Richard Muponde, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/06/29/chihuri-threatened-arrest/ Chihuri threatened with arrest], ''Southern Eye'', published:29 Jun 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> Nyapokoto petitioned the president to intervene as the police force was reluctant to own up to its promise.<ref name="MATENGA">Moses Matenga, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/07/22/cop-reports-chihuri-mugabe/ Cop reports Chihuri to Mugabe], ''Southern Eye'', published:22 Jul 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref>
Augustine Chihuri was born on the 10th of March in 1953.
 
  
==Education==
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On '''6 November 2014''', Justice [[Lavender Makoni]] of the [[High Court]] of Zimbabwe, ordered '''Chihuri''' and [[Kembo Mohadi]] to pay US$3 500 to [[Fatima Manhondo]] following her unwarranted attacks by the police force in October 2014.<ref name="LAITON">Charles Laiton, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/11/06/mohadi-chihuri-ordered-pay/ Mohadi, Chihuri ordered to pay], ''Southern Eye'', published:6 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> Chihuri and Mohadi failed to appear in court.
  
In August 2015, Chihuri graduated with a Doctor of Philosophy Degree from [[Mount Camel Institute of Business]]. His thesis ''The History of Policing in Zimbabwe'' was released as a book on 25 September 2015.<ref name="Hera">Daniel Nemukuyu, [http://www.herald.co.zw/chihuri-graduates/ Chihuri graduates], ''Herald'', Published: August 4, 2015, Retrieved: August 4, 2015</ref>
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In '''January 2015''' Chihuri together with Mohadi were accused of failing to respect a court order from the High Court of Zimbabwe which mandated them to protect villagers at Arnold Farm in [[Mazowe]] District from being forcibly evicted from the farm to pave way for [[Grace Mugabe]] who was claimed to be the new owner of the farm. <ref name=" ZULU">Blessing Zulu, [http://nehandaradio.com/2015/01/11/villagers-want-minister-police-chief-arrested-grace-mugabe-evictions/ Villagers want to minister and police chief arrested over Grace Mugabe evictions], ''Nehanda Radio'', published:11 Jan 2015, retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> This move was viewed as an attempt by Chihuri to prove that he was still loyal to Mugabe by supporting his wife to 'illegally' seize control of Arnold Farm.
  
==Before Zimbabwe's Independence==
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===Chelpac / Kidsdale / Pachirera===
Chihuri was a member of the [[Zimbabwe People's Army]] and was imprisoned along with other ZIPA leadership after a meeting convened by Samora Machel where [[Robert Mugabe]] was present.
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In '''2019''', '''Augustine Chihuri''' and two serving senior officers faced arrest on charges of criminal abuse office, after Chihuri allegedly instructed Superintendent [[Edward Marodza]] and Inspector [[Joseph Nemaisa]] to arrest a Harare couple and illegally grab their fleet of vehicles and title deeds to a Harare house at gunpoint on trumped up criminal charges.
  
==Allegiance to Zanu-PF==
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[[Bigboy Pachirera]], was the director of [[Chelpac Investments]] Private Limited, and was once transport manager at '''Chihuri'''’s company called [[Kidsdale Enterprises]] Private Limited. He worked for '''Chihuri''' between '''1998''' and '''December 2013'''. Around '''September 2013''', '''Chihuri''' allegedly trumped up criminal charges against Mr Pachirera before assigning Marodza to lead the investigation team. Pachirera was charged with corruptly concealing from a principal a personal interest in a transaction as defined under Section 173(1) of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act. He was also charged with theft of trust property as well as fraud.
In a move that sparked controversy, for a police commissioner, Chihuri openly declared his allegiance to the [[Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front]] (ZANU PF) in 2001 and continued to do so for much of his career as police commissioner afterwards. Chihuri threatened to sack all senior police officers who were accused of backing the opposition party [[MDC-T]].<ref name="fingaz">[http://www.zimbabwesituation.com/july13_2001.html 27 MDC officials arrested], ''Financial Gazette'', Published:12 July 2001, Retrieved:8 June 2014</ref>
 
  
Chihuri also said that members of the ZRP who did not support Zanu-PF should leave the force and that he himself would not serve under an MDC government.<ref name="ec">Eddie Cross, [http://www.eddiecross.africanherd.com/060118.html A Letter to R.M.], ''Eddie Cross personal blog'', Published:28 December 2005, Retrieved:8 June 2014</ref>
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Mr Pachirera was accused of defrauding '''Chihuri''' of $81 000 despite the fact that no audit report had been compiled in respect of Kidsdale. '''Chihuri''' made a formal report against Pachirera at Chitungwiza Police Station on '''9 September 2013''', and asked Nemaisa to lead the team of investigators.
  
Regardless of publicly announcing his allegiance to ZANU PF under Mugabe, Chihuri was implicated as being a member of the Mujuru faction when the battle to succeed Mugabe intensified before the party's 6th Congress which was held in Harare in December 2014. It was reported that, service chiefs were supporting [[Joice Mujuru]] who was accused of harbouring ambitions to oust Mugabe from being the country's president as well as the party's first secretary.<ref name="ELIAS">Elias Mlambo, [http://www.theindependent.co.zw/2014/11/21/security-chiefs-face-purging/ Security chiefs face purging], ''Zimbabwe Independent'', published:21 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> It was reported that on 18 November 2014, Chihuri tendered his resignation letter to Mugabe after Mugabe had earlier on expressed his displeasure with his work.<ref name="TAWANDA">Tawanda Manjoni, [http://www.thezimbabwean.co/politics/74154/mugabe-forces-chihuri-to-retire.html Mugabe forces Chihuri to retire], ''The Zimbabwean'', published:26 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref>
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On '''21 December 2013''', Marodza placed Mr Pachirera’s Tipper trucks, which were parked along Sherwood Road in Waterfalls, under police guard. He had to send armed police officers to do the guard duties. The following day, Marodza summoned Mr Pachirera to his office where he demanded company registration documents for [[Chelnpac Investments]]. Mr Pachirera complied and was later locked up at Harare Central Police Station. He was transferred to Chitungwiza police cells before being taken to court when the permissible detention period had lapsed. A Chitungwiza magistrate unconditionally released Mr Pachirera citing over-detention.  
  
Reports also circulated that Mugabe had indicated that he was not keen to extend Chihuri's contract, something that he is accustomed to since Chihuri's appointment in 1994.<ref name="NUNURAI">Nunurai Jena, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/12/05/chihuri-chiwenga-contracts-expire/ Chihuri, Chiwenga contracts expire], ''Southern Eye'', published:5 Dec 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> [[Trust Mugova]] was indicated as the suitable and preferred candidate to replace Chihuri. The issue to oust Chihuri and his accomplice subsided. Chihuri was forced to announce that he was not aligned to the Mujuru faction and [[Charity Charamba]] (current Police Spokesperson of ZRP) issued a press statement dismissing allegations that the police force was behind Mujuru.<ref name="FUNGI"/>
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In '''January 2014''', police officers, without any court order, seized two construction trucks belonging to Mr Pachirera worth $250 000. The vehicles were taken to Vehicle Theft Squad in Southerton despite the fact that it was not stolen property. In the same month, the detectives led by Nemaisa also arrested Mrs Pachirera and demanded to be shown more property belonging to Mr Pachirera.  
  
On 13 January 2015, it was reported that, some ZANU PF hawks targeting security chiefs began to call for Chihuri ouster.<ref name="FUNGI">Fungi Kwaramba, [http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2015/01/12/zanu-pf-hawks-target-chihuri Zanu PF hawks target Chihuri], ''Daily News'', published:12 Jan 2015,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> They claimed that he failed to repent, thus remaining closely associated with ousted Mujuru, necessitating his failure to arrest Mujuru as well as ordering investigations on corruption allegations levelled against his so called erstwhile supporter. Chihuri vowed to take into consideration Mugabe's calls to bring to book those accused of being corrupt at Morris Depot during the last pass out of 566 graduands.<ref name="FELUNA">Feluna Nleya, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2014/12/19/police-boss-chihuri-vows-swoop-mujuru-camp/ Police boss Chihuri vows to swoop on Mujuru camp], ''NewsDay'', published:19 Dec 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> Chihuri's stance was viewed as a move to exonerate himself from being aligned to the 'now defunct' Mujuru faction.  
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Marodza was stationed at Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Marondera District headquarters while Nemaisa was at Chikurubi Support Unit.
  
==Health Problems==
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===Health Problems===
Chihuri collapsed during the three hour parade for new recruits in May 2014. It was reported that he collapsed while standing next to President Robert Mugabe and was immediately taken away on a stretcher to receive mediccal attention.<ref>[http://nehandaradio.com/2014/05/29/chihuri-collapses-pass-parade/ Chihuri collapses at pass out parade], 'Nehanda Radio', Published: 29 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref> He returned to his seat 30 minutes after being attended to by Minister of Lands and Rural Resettlement Dr. [[Douglas Mombeshora]] and a team of paramedics. After returning to his seat Chihuri apologised to Mugabe and the nation for the mishap. He also commended Mugabe's fitness as they had gone through the same paces for three hours and Mugabe had not shown any signs of weariness.<ref>[http://www.herald.co.zw/chihuri-apologises-after-fall/ Chihuri apologises after fall], 'Herald', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref>
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'''Chihuri''' collapsed during a three-hour parade for new recruits in '''May 2014'''. It was reported that he collapsed while standing next to President Robert Mugabe and was immediately taken away on a stretcher to receive medical attention. <ref>[http://nehandaradio.com/2014/05/29/chihuri-collapses-pass-parade/ Chihuri collapses at the pass out parade], 'Nehanda Radio', Published: 29 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref> He returned to his seat 30 minutes after being attended to by Minister of Lands and Rural Resettlement Dr. [[Douglas Mombeshora]] and a team of paramedics. After returning to his seat '''Chihuri''' apologized to Mugabe and the nation for the mishap. He also commended Mugabe's fitness as they had gone through the same paces for three hours and Mugabe had not shown any signs of weariness. <ref>[http://www.herald.co.zw/chihuri-apologises-after-fall/ Chihuri apologises after fall], 'Herald', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014</ref>
  
==Scandals==
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===Retirement===
In 2013 he was accused of fraud by other police officers. He allegedly integrated more than 15,000 unqualified civilian personnel and went ahead to give them force numbers. Some of them were said to have been promoted to the ranks of Sergeants and Assistant Inspectors, despite having not even sat for the mandatory promotional examinations.<ref>Mxolisi Ncube, [http://www.thezimbabwean.co/news/zimbabwe/64134/top-cops-accuse-chihuri-of.html Top cops accuse Chihuri of fraud], 'The Zimbabwean', Published: 6 Mar 2013, Retrieved: 29 May 2014</ref> These are said to have been untrained civilians and ZANU PF youth militia.
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On '''18 December 2017''', it was announced that '''Chihuri''' was sent for leave pending his retirement. This happened after [[Emmerson Mnangagwa]] had been inaugurated as the President of [[Zimbabwe]]. '''Chihuri''' was booed by members of the public after pledging his loyalty to the new President on the inauguration day. He had served the police force for 23 years. He was dismissed on the day the military announced the end of [[Operation Restore Legacy]]. Chihuri was succeeded by [[Godwin Matanga]].  {{#ev:youtube|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8NahEc4YWs4|280|| Chihuri Ngaaende!!" Crowd Boos Police Commissioner Chihuri |frame|}}<br /><br />
  
In June 2014, it was reported that Chihuri illegally forced Bazil Nyapokoto (a  detective within the ZRP) to resign after he testified against the police force. The police force agreed to pay damages amounting to US$64 000 to Nyapokoto within two months.<ref name="MUPONDE">Richard Muponde, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/06/29/chihuri-threatened-arrest/ Chihuri threatened with arrest], ''Southern Eye'', published:29 Jun 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> Nyapokoto petitioned the president to intervene as the police force was reluctant to own up to its promise.<ref name="MATENGA">Moses Matenga, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/07/22/cop-reports-chihuri-mugabe/ Cop reports Chihuri to Mugabe], ''Southern Eye'', published:22 Jul 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref>  
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On Monday '''18 December''', it was announced that General [[Constantino Chiwenga]] is to leave the ‘army’ (the Zimbabwe Defence Forces), and awaits deployment to a new position. <br/>
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General [[Philip Valerio Sibanda]] is to leave as commander of the Zimbabwe National Army and will replace Chiwenga as commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces. <br/>
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Police Commissioner General Augustine Chihuri, retirement is also announced. <ref name=" Zimbabwe General Who Ousted Mugabe To Quit Army"> [https://businessfocus.co.ug/zimbabwe-general-ousted-mugabe-quit-army/ Zimbabwe General Who Ousted Mugabe To Quit Army], ''Business Focus'', Published: 19 December 2017, Retrieved: 12 December 2019''</ref> <br/>
  
On 6 November 2014, Justice Lavender Makoni of the High Court of Zimbabwe, ordered Chihuri and [[Kembo Mohadi]] to pay US$3 500 to Fatima Manhondo following her unwarranted attacks by the police force in October 2014.<ref name="LAITON">Charles Laiton, [http://www.southerneye.co.zw/2014/11/06/mohadi-chihuri-ordered-pay/ Mohadi, Chihuri ordered to pay], ''Southern Eye'', published:6 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> Chihuri and Mohadi failed to appear in court.
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===Mantainence Lawsuit===
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In '''March 2018''' a police officer [[Sithulisiwe Mthimkhulu]] took former Commissioner-General '''Chihuri''' to court for alleged non-payment of maintenance. The police officer reportedly had an affair with '''Chihuri''' ino which they sired a daughter. Part of the court papers read:
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<blockquote>
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Respondent Augustine Chihuri was the Commissioner-General of the Zimbabwe Republic Police since 1981, while I was his subordinate. He has since retired but I am still in the force. Respondent and I have a child together born on 2 July 2009.
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When it was time for us to go and get the child’s certificate, the respondent refused. I ended up doing it all on my own and that is why the child bears my surname and not his. Over the years and ever since I was pregnant, the respondent has been neglecting to take care of his daughter.<ref name=""> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2018/03/02/police-officer-demands-270-000-maintenance-augustine-chihuri-says-not-providing-child/ Police Officer Demands $270 000 Maintenance From Augustine Chihuri, Says He Is Not Providing For His Child], ''Pindula News, Published: 2 March 2018 , Retrieved: 2 March 2018''</ref></blockquote>
  
In January 2015 Chihuri together with Mohadi were accused of failing to respect a court order from the High Court of Zimbabwe which mandated them to protect villagers at Arnold Farm in Mazowe District from being forcibly evicted from the farm to pave way for [[Grace Mugabe]] who was claimed to be the new owner of the farm.<ref name="ZULU">Blessing Zulu, [http://nehandaradio.com/2015/01/11/villagers-want-minister-police-chief-arrested-grace-mugabe-evictions/ Villagers want minister and police chief arrested over Grace Mugabe evictions], ''Nehanda Radio'', published:11 Jan 2015,retrieved:13 January 2015"</ref> This move was viewed as an attempt by Chihuri to prove that he was still loyal to Mugabe by supporting his wife to 'illegal' seize control of Arnold Farm.
 
 
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
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{{#seo:
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|keywords=police,ZRP,corruption,Pachirera,Kidsdale,Chelpac
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|description= Local Government Elections 2018
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|image=Augustine-Chihuri1-w.jpg
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[[Category:Politicians]]
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[[Category:ZRP]]
  
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
[[Category:1953 births]][[Category:Living people]]
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[[Category:ZRP]]

Latest revision as of 11:21, 9 December 2021

Augustine Chihuri
Augustine Chihuri, Zimbabwe Police Commissioner
Augustine Chihuri
Born (1953-03-10) March 10, 1953 (age 69)
Harare, Zimbabwe
ResidenceLilongwe, Malawi (Living in Exile).
Occupation
Years active1994–2017
Spouse(s)Isabel Chihuri

Augustine Chihuri is a retired Zimbabwe law enforcement officer and former Zimbabwe Republic Police Commissioner General. He is a war veteran who received his military training at Mgagao in Tanzania [1] as well as the longest-serving police chief in Zimbabwe since Independence.[2]

On 13 November 2017 when the Zimbabwe Defence Forces Commander Constantino Chiwenga announced that the military would not hesitate to intervene in Zanu-PF succession politics, Chihuri was notably not part of the generals present when the statement was issued, indicating that the ZRP was not on board with the threatened military takeover.


Personal Details

Born: 10 March 1953.

School / Education

August 2015: graduated with a Doctor of Philosophy Degree from Mount Camel Institute of Business.
His thesis The History of Policing in Zimbabwe was released as a book on 25 September 2015. [3]
No other information could be found on his Junior or High School, or any other tertiary education.

Service / Career

Chihuri was a member of the Zimbabwe People's Army which was an attempt at unifying the two major military outfits ZANLA and ZIPRA of the Nationalist parties fighting for Zimbabwe's independence, ZANU and ZAPU respectively. Chihuri was reportedly imprisoned, along with other ZIPRA leadership after a meeting convened by Samora Machel where Robert Mugabe was present during the war for Zimbabwe's Independence. His name during the Second Chimurenga was "Chocha."

Chihuri has been in the ZRP for more than 23 years. His contract as Head of the ZRP was renewed over 13 times since 1997. [2] He took over the reigns as Acting Commissioner in 1991 replacing Henry Mkurazhizha. Two years later he became substantive Police Commissioner in 1993. In 2008 he was appointed to Commissioner General of Police when the post was created to replace that of Commissioner. His term was extended by four years.

Events

Involvement in Zanu-PF

Declaration to Party

Chihuri was reported to have openly declared his allegiance to the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (Zanu PF) in 2001 and continued to do so for much of his career as police commissioner afterward. This revelation had mixed reactions, especially coming from for a police commissioner. Chihuri was quoted to have threatened to sack all senior police officers who were accused of backing the opposition party MDC-T. [4]

Chihuri was reported to have indicated that members of the Z.R.P who did not support Zanu-PF should leave the force and that he himself would not serve under an M.D.C government. [5]

Factionalism

Regardless of publicly announcing his allegiance to Zanu PF under Mugabe, Chihuri was accused as being a member of the Mujuru faction when the battle to succeed Mugabe intensified before the party's 6th Congress held in Harare in December 2014. It was reported that service chiefs were supporting Joice Mujuru who was accused of harbouring ambitions to oust Robert Mugabe from being the country's president as well as the party's first secretary. [6] It was reported that on 18 November 2014, Chihuri tendered his resignation letter to Mugabe after Mugabe had earlier on expressed his displeasure with his work. [7]

Dismissal Bids

Reports circulated that Mugabe had indicated that he was not keen to extend Chihuri's contract, something that he was accustomed to since Chihuri's appointment in 1993. [8] Trust Mugova was indicated as the suitable and preferred candidate to replace Chihuri. The issue to oust Chihuri eventually subsided. Chihuri was reportedly forced to announce that he was not aligned to the Mujuru faction and Charity Charamba issued a press statement dismissing allegations that the police force was behind Mujuru. [9]

On 13 January 2015, it was reported that some Zanu PF members targeting security chiefs began to call for Chihuri's ouster again. [9] They claimed that he failed to repent, thus remaining closely associated with ousted Mujuru, necessitating his failure to arrest Mujuru as well as ordering investigations on corruption allegations levelled against Joice Mujuru. Chihuri vowed to take into consideration Mugabe's calls to bring to book those accused of being corrupt at Morris Depot during a pass parade. [10] Chihuri's stance was viewed as a move to exonerate himself from being aligned to the Mujuru faction.

Involvement in Corruption

In 2013 Chihuri was accused of fraud by other police officers. He allegedly integrated more than 15 000 unqualified civilian personnel and went ahead to give them force numbers. Some of them were said to have been promoted to the ranks of Sergeants and Assistant Inspectors, despite having not even sat for the mandatory promotional examinations. [11] These are said to have been untrained civilians and ZANU PF youth militia.

In June 2014, it was reported that Chihuri illegally forced Bazil Nyapokoto (a detective within the ZRP) to resign after he testified against the police force. The police force agreed to pay damages amounting to US$64 000 to Nyapokoto within two months.[12] Nyapokoto petitioned the president to intervene as the police force was reluctant to own up to its promise.[13]

On 6 November 2014, Justice Lavender Makoni of the High Court of Zimbabwe, ordered Chihuri and Kembo Mohadi to pay US$3 500 to Fatima Manhondo following her unwarranted attacks by the police force in October 2014.[14] Chihuri and Mohadi failed to appear in court.

In January 2015 Chihuri together with Mohadi were accused of failing to respect a court order from the High Court of Zimbabwe which mandated them to protect villagers at Arnold Farm in Mazowe District from being forcibly evicted from the farm to pave way for Grace Mugabe who was claimed to be the new owner of the farm. [15] This move was viewed as an attempt by Chihuri to prove that he was still loyal to Mugabe by supporting his wife to 'illegally' seize control of Arnold Farm.

Chelpac / Kidsdale / Pachirera

In 2019, Augustine Chihuri and two serving senior officers faced arrest on charges of criminal abuse office, after Chihuri allegedly instructed Superintendent Edward Marodza and Inspector Joseph Nemaisa to arrest a Harare couple and illegally grab their fleet of vehicles and title deeds to a Harare house at gunpoint on trumped up criminal charges.

Bigboy Pachirera, was the director of Chelpac Investments Private Limited, and was once transport manager at Chihuri’s company called Kidsdale Enterprises Private Limited. He worked for Chihuri between 1998 and December 2013. Around September 2013, Chihuri allegedly trumped up criminal charges against Mr Pachirera before assigning Marodza to lead the investigation team. Pachirera was charged with corruptly concealing from a principal a personal interest in a transaction as defined under Section 173(1) of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act. He was also charged with theft of trust property as well as fraud.

Mr Pachirera was accused of defrauding Chihuri of $81 000 despite the fact that no audit report had been compiled in respect of Kidsdale. Chihuri made a formal report against Pachirera at Chitungwiza Police Station on 9 September 2013, and asked Nemaisa to lead the team of investigators.

On 21 December 2013, Marodza placed Mr Pachirera’s Tipper trucks, which were parked along Sherwood Road in Waterfalls, under police guard. He had to send armed police officers to do the guard duties. The following day, Marodza summoned Mr Pachirera to his office where he demanded company registration documents for Chelnpac Investments. Mr Pachirera complied and was later locked up at Harare Central Police Station. He was transferred to Chitungwiza police cells before being taken to court when the permissible detention period had lapsed. A Chitungwiza magistrate unconditionally released Mr Pachirera citing over-detention.

In January 2014, police officers, without any court order, seized two construction trucks belonging to Mr Pachirera worth $250 000. The vehicles were taken to Vehicle Theft Squad in Southerton despite the fact that it was not stolen property. In the same month, the detectives led by Nemaisa also arrested Mrs Pachirera and demanded to be shown more property belonging to Mr Pachirera.

Marodza was stationed at Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Marondera District headquarters while Nemaisa was at Chikurubi Support Unit.

Health Problems

Chihuri collapsed during a three-hour parade for new recruits in May 2014. It was reported that he collapsed while standing next to President Robert Mugabe and was immediately taken away on a stretcher to receive medical attention. [16] He returned to his seat 30 minutes after being attended to by Minister of Lands and Rural Resettlement Dr. Douglas Mombeshora and a team of paramedics. After returning to his seat Chihuri apologized to Mugabe and the nation for the mishap. He also commended Mugabe's fitness as they had gone through the same paces for three hours and Mugabe had not shown any signs of weariness. [17]

Retirement

On 18 December 2017, it was announced that Chihuri was sent for leave pending his retirement. This happened after Emmerson Mnangagwa had been inaugurated as the President of Zimbabwe. Chihuri was booed by members of the public after pledging his loyalty to the new President on the inauguration day. He had served the police force for 23 years. He was dismissed on the day the military announced the end of Operation Restore Legacy. Chihuri was succeeded by Godwin Matanga.

Chihuri Ngaaende!!" Crowd Boos Police Commissioner Chihuri



On Monday 18 December, it was announced that General Constantino Chiwenga is to leave the ‘army’ (the Zimbabwe Defence Forces), and awaits deployment to a new position.
General Philip Valerio Sibanda is to leave as commander of the Zimbabwe National Army and will replace Chiwenga as commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.
Police Commissioner General Augustine Chihuri, retirement is also announced. [18]

Mantainence Lawsuit

In March 2018 a police officer Sithulisiwe Mthimkhulu took former Commissioner-General Chihuri to court for alleged non-payment of maintenance. The police officer reportedly had an affair with Chihuri ino which they sired a daughter. Part of the court papers read:

Respondent Augustine Chihuri was the Commissioner-General of the Zimbabwe Republic Police since 1981, while I was his subordinate. He has since retired but I am still in the force. Respondent and I have a child together born on 2 July 2009.

When it was time for us to go and get the child’s certificate, the respondent refused. I ended up doing it all on my own and that is why the child bears my surname and not his. Over the years and ever since I was pregnant, the respondent has been neglecting to take care of his daughter.[19]

References

  1. Mugove TafirenyikaChihuri collapses at parade, DailyNews, Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Moses Matenga, Chihuri collapses, 'Newsday', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014
  3. Daniel Nemukuyu, Chihuri graduates, Herald, Published: August 4, 2015, Retrieved: August 4, 2015
  4. 27 MDC officials arrested, Financial Gazette, Published:12 July 2001, Retrieved:8 June 2014
  5. Eddie Cross, A Letter to R.M., Eddie Cross personal blog, Published:28 December 2005, Retrieved:8 June 2014
  6. Elias Mlambo, Security chiefs face purging, Zimbabwe Independent, published:21 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  7. Tawanda Manjoni, Mugabe forces Chihuri to retire, The Zimbabwean, published:26 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  8. Nunurai Jena, Chihuri, Chiwenga contracts expire, Southern Eye, published:5 Dec 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  9. 9.0 9.1 Fungi Kwaramba, Zanu PF hawks target Chihuri, Daily News, published:12 Jan 2015,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  10. Feluna Nleya, Police boss Chihuri vows to swoop on Mujuru camp, Newsday, published:19 Dec 2014, retrieved:13 January 2015"
  11. Mxolisi Ncube, Top cops accuse Chihuri of fraud, 'The Zimbabwean', Published: 6 Mar 2013, Retrieved: 29 May 2014
  12. Richard Muponde, Chihuri threatened with arrest, Southern Eye, published:29 Jun 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  13. Moses Matenga, Cop reports Chihuri to Mugabe, Southern Eye, published:22 Jul 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  14. Charles Laiton, Mohadi, Chihuri ordered to pay, Southern Eye, published:6 Nov 2014,retrieved:13 January 2015"
  15. Blessing Zulu, Villagers want to minister and police chief arrested over Grace Mugabe evictions, Nehanda Radio, published:11 Jan 2015, retrieved:13 January 2015"
  16. Chihuri collapses at the pass out parade, 'Nehanda Radio', Published: 29 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014
  17. Chihuri apologises after fall, 'Herald', Published: 30 May 2014, Retrieved: 30 May 2014
  18. Zimbabwe General Who Ousted Mugabe To Quit Army, Business Focus, Published: 19 December 2017, Retrieved: 12 December 2019
  19. Police Officer Demands $270 000 Maintenance From Augustine Chihuri, Says He Is Not Providing For His Child, Pindula News, Published: 2 March 2018 , Retrieved: 2 March 2018