Difference between revisions of "Bernard Manyenyeni"

 
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{{Infobox person
 
{{Infobox person
 
| honorific_prefix  =
 
| honorific_prefix  =
| name              =   Bernard G. Manyenyeni
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| name              = Bernard Manyenyeni
 
| honorific_suffix  =   
 
| honorific_suffix  =   
| image              = Bernard_Manyenyeni_Harare_Mayor.jpg
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| image              = Bernard_Manyenyeni_Harare_Mayor.jpg
| image_size        = 250px
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| alt                = Bernard Manyenyeni
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| alt                = Bernard Manyenyeni  
 
| caption            = Bernard Manyenyeni
 
| caption            = Bernard Manyenyeni
 
| native_name        =  
 
| native_name        =  
 
| native_name_lang  =  
 
| native_name_lang  =  
 
| birth_name        =   
 
| birth_name        =   
| birth_date        =   1965 <!-- {{birth date and age|1988|09|19}} {{birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} -->
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| birth_date        =   {{birth date and age|1965|01|25}}  <!-- {{birth date and age|1988|09|19}} {{birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} -->
 
| birth_place        = [[Mvurwi]]
 
| birth_place        = [[Mvurwi]]
 
| baptised          =  <!-- will not display if birth_date is entered -->
 
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| ethnicity          =  <!-- Ethnicity should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
 
| ethnicity          =  <!-- Ethnicity should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
 
| citizenship        = Zimbabwean
 
| citizenship        = Zimbabwean
| education          = Engineer
+
| education          = Strategic Management
| alma_mater        =  University of Derby
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| alma_mater        =  University of Derby, UK
 
| occupation        = {{flat_list|
 
| occupation        = {{flat_list|
 
*Politician
 
*Politician
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*Business Executive
 
}}
 
}}
 
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Bernard Manyenyeni is a Zimbabwean politician and business executive. He's the current mayor of Harare (2013 - 2018), On 20 April 2016, he was suspended from the Mayor position for unprocedurally appointing [[James Mushore]] as Harare Town Clerk. On 6 June, Manyenyeni was reinstated as mayor after government failed to set up an independent tribunal to try him for violating Sections of the [[Urban Councils Act]]. Less than 24 hours later, he was suspended again, for failing to carry out an order to audit the city’s business ventures. His second suspension was carried out by then Acting Local Government, Public Works and National Housing Minister Professor [[Jonathan Moyo]] as the then Minister [[Saviour Kasukuwere]] had travelled to China.
+
'''Bernard (Ben) Manyenyeni''', the former Mayor of Harare, is a Zimbabwean business executive, politician and [[MDC-T]] member. As a businessman, his career spans over 25 years in the financial services sector, largely managing group pension funds. He was the [[Mayor of Harare]] from 2013 to 2018. '''Manyenyeni''' was succeeded by [[Herbert Gomba]] in 2018.
  
 
==Background==
 
==Background==
Manyenyeni first did his primary education at [[St Clare’s Primary School]] [[Murehwa]] before moving to[[ Murehwa Central Primary School]] and the later[[ Bindura Salvation Army Primary School]] in [[Bindura]].  He did his secondary education at [[St Ignatius College]] and later [[Marlborough High School]].
+
'''Manyenyeni''' first did his primary education at St Clare’s Primary School [[Murewa]] before moving to Murehwa Central Primary School and the later Bindura Salvation Army Primary School in [[Bindura]].  He did his secondary education at St Ignatius College and later Marlborough High School.
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
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* Junior Account Executive at [[Old Mutual]] Limited Group Pensions from September 1985 to July 1990.
 
* Junior Account Executive at [[Old Mutual]] Limited Group Pensions from September 1985 to July 1990.
 
* Senior Broker at Zimbabwe Insurance Brokers Limited from Aug 1990 to May 1998.
 
* Senior Broker at Zimbabwe Insurance Brokers Limited from Aug 1990 to May 1998.
* Divisional Manager in May 1998 and then Operations Director June 1999 at [[AON Zimbabwe]].
+
* Divisional Manager in May 1998 and then Operations Director June 1999 at AON Zimbabwe.
 
* In August 2003 he joined GP2 Asset Management as the Marketing Director. He then became Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer in October 2004. The company shut down in 2005.
 
* In August 2003 he joined GP2 Asset Management as the Marketing Director. He then became Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer in October 2004. The company shut down in 2005.
* He is currently the General Manager and Principal Officer of [[Altfin Life Assurance ]]Company.
+
* He is currently the General Manager and Principal Officer of Altfin Life Assurance Company.
  
 
==Mayor of Harare==
 
==Mayor of Harare==
In 2013 he was the councillor of [[Mount Pleasant]]. In September 2013 he was elected Mayor of Harare for a 5 year term beating [[Zanu-PF]]'s Musatye Gwasira by a margin of 31 votes. He succeeded [[Muchadeyi Masunda]].
+
In 2013 he was the councillor for Ward 17, [[Mount Pleasant]]. In September 2013 he was elected Mayor of Harare for a 5-year term beating [[Zanu-PF]]'s [[Musatye Gwasira]] by a margin of 31 votes. He succeeded [[Muchadeyi Masunda]].
  
 
==Suspension from mayor position==
 
==Suspension from mayor position==
[[File:Suspension of Bernard Manyenyeni by Jonathan Moyo.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Suspension of Bernard Manyenyeni by Jonathan Moyo]]
+
In 2015, the Town Clerk [[Tendai Mahachi]] was relieved of duties for retirement.  
On 20 April 2016, Manyenyeni was suspended by Minister of Local Government, [[Saviour Kasukuwere]], from the position of Mayor of Harare for appointing former [[NMB Bank]] chief executive [[James Mushore]] as the city’s town clerk in violation of the [http://www.pindula.co.zw/File:Urban_Councils_Act_29_15.pdf Urban Councils Act]. He was suspended with immediate effect.<ref name="th001">Innocent Ruwende, [http://www.herald.co.zw/manyenyeni-suspended/  Manyenyeni suspended], ''The Herald, Published:21 April 2016, Retrieved: 21 April 2016''</ref> Manyenyeni challenged the suspension at the High Court. Manyenyeni sought the nullification of the suspension and for the court to bar Minister Kasukuwere from interfering with his operations as Mayor of Harare.  
 
  
[[High Court ]]Justice Mary Dube said in terms of the law the minister was only empowered to suspend a mayor, but removal from office required the appointment of an independent tribunal to determine the matter. She ruled that if an independent tribunal is not in place in terms of the Constitution within 45 days of the suspension of the matter then Manyenyeni would be entitled to reinstatement.
+
In March 2016, Harare City Council appointed James Mushore as Town Clerk.
 +
Then, (the same day) central government, through the Minister of local Government, Public Works and National Housing, [[Saviour Kasukuwere]] overturned the decision for a flawed hiring process.
 +
James Mushore challenged the dismissal in courts.
 +
City Council refused a Ministry directive to re-advertise post.
 +
[[Saviour Kasukuwere]] spokes to the Acting Town Clerk, [[Josephine Ncube]] and Mayor Ben Manyenyeni. The Mayor said our ‘hands are tied’ as the matter is before the courts. There were four matters surrounding this case before the courts. One being [[Combined Harare Residents Association]] (CHRA) suing [[Saviour Kasukuwere]] for abusing the [[Urban Councils Act]]. <ref name="Govt, Harare City on collision course"> [Hard Copy Govt, Harare City on collision course], ''Sunday Mail'', Published: 9 October 2016, Retrieved: 4 January 2020''</ref>
  
In Zimbabwe however, there was no law for setting up the independent tribunal required under the new Constitution and the 45 day-window expired before the law could be amended. On 6 June, Manyenyeni was reinstated as mayor after government failed to set up an independent tribunal to try him.
+
[[File:Suspension of Bernard Manyenyeni by Jonathan Moyo.jpg|thumb|||Suspension of Bernard Manyenyeni by Jonathan Moyo]]
 +
So, in 2016 he was suspended as mayor, arrested and rearrested, at the instigation of the Minister of Local Government, [[Saviour Kasukuwere]] and [[Jonathan Moyo]]. He was accused of various offenses, among them the (above) alleged unprocedural appointment of former [[NMB Bank]] chief executive [[James Mushore]] as the city’s town clerk by the Resolution of Council.<ref name="th001">Innocent Ruwende, [http://www.herald.co.zw/manyenyeni-suspended/  Manyenyeni suspended], ''The Herald, Published:21 April 2016, Retrieved: 21 April 2016''</ref>
  
However, less than 24 hours later Acting Local Government,[[ Public Works and National Housing]] Minister Professor [[Jonathan Moyo]], suspended Manyenyeni again, this time apparently  for failing to carry out an order to audit the city’s business ventures. Manyenyeni approached the high court and argued that the minister was abusing legal process by splitting charges against him so that each time his suspension period expired, he would suspend him again. If this was allowed, he argued, the Minister could suspend him indefinitely through periodic renewals of the suspension with fresh charges being brought against him on each occasion. The judge agreed with the Mayor and revoked the second suspension<ref name="mag">Alex Magaisa, [http://alexmagaisa.com/welcome-rule-law-made-zimbabwe/ Welcome to the “rule of law”: made in Zimbabwe], ''Alex Magaisa, Published: 29 June 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016''</ref>
+
The victimization stemmed from inter-party rivalry between MDC-T and Zanu-PF over who would be the Harare Town Clerk. '''Manyenyeni''' challenged the suspension at the High Court. '''Manyenyeni''' sought the nullification of the suspension and for the court to bar Minister Kasukuwere from interfering with his operations as Mayor of Harare.
  
A few hours later, Manyenyeni was arrested by the [[Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission]] (ZACC) and charged with criminal abuse of public office arising from his appointment of former banker Mr [[James Mushore]] as Harare’s town clerk.<ref name="herld010">Innocent Ruwende and Ivan Zhakata, [http://www.herald.co.zw/court-frees-manyenyeni/ Manyenyeni arrested], ''The Herald, Published:30 June 2016 , Retrieved5 July 2016 ''</ref>  He was in police custody for 2 days before being taken to the magistrates court in Harare where a magistrate ordered the immediate release of Harare Mayor Bernard Manyenyeni after it emerged that he had been detained beyond the legal limit.<ref name="herald011">Fungai Lupande, [http://www.herald.co.zw/court-frees-manyenyeni/ Court frees Manyenyeni], ''The Herald, Published:2 July 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016''</ref>
+
'''Manyenyeni''' also approached the high court and argued that the minister was abusing the legal process by splitting charges against him so that each time his suspension period expired, he would suspend him again. If this was allowed, he argued, the Minister could suspend him indefinitely through periodic renewals of the suspension with fresh charges being brought against him on each occasion. The judge agreed with the Mayor and revoked the second suspension<ref name="mag">Alex Magaisa, [http://alexmagaisa.com/welcome-rule-law-made-zimbabwe/ Welcome to the “rule of law”: made in Zimbabwe], ''Alex Magaisa, Published: 29 June 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016''</ref><ref name="herld010">Innocent Ruwende and Ivan Zhakata, [http://www.herald.co.zw/court-frees-manyenyeni/ Manyenyeni arrested], ''The Herald, Published:30 June 2016, Retrieved5 July 2016 ''</ref>  .<ref name="herald011">Fungai Lupande, [http://www.herald.co.zw/court-frees-manyenyeni/ Court frees Manyenyeni], ''The Herald, Published:2 July 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016''</ref>
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Mayor, urban, legal]]
  
 
==Turning down honorary degree==
 
==Turning down honorary degree==
 
+
Harare Mayor [[ Bernard Manyenyeni]] turned down an honorary doctorate degree from Dubai based Dubai Leadership Summit.
Harare Mayor[[ Bernard Manyenyeni]] turned down an honorary doctorate degree from Dubai based [[Dubai Leadership Summit]].
 
  
 
Speaking to the Daily News, Manyenyeni said:
 
Speaking to the Daily News, Manyenyeni said:
 
<blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
 
 
I  knew my turn would surely come. I spent the last few years laughing when people were receiving these dubious degrees, so I will not accept it now. An honorary degree is an honour when it’s coming out of a proper institution, it is earned out of service but these degrees are a mockery to Zimbabwe.
 
I  knew my turn would surely come. I spent the last few years laughing when people were receiving these dubious degrees, so I will not accept it now. An honorary degree is an honour when it’s coming out of a proper institution, it is earned out of service but these degrees are a mockery to Zimbabwe.
 
</blockquote><ref name="DN"> Farayi Machamire, [https://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2017/05/10/harare-mayor-snubs-bogus-degree Harare Mayor snubs "bogus" degree], ''Daily News'', published: May 10, 2017, retrieved: May 10, 2017</ref>
 
</blockquote><ref name="DN"> Farayi Machamire, [https://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2017/05/10/harare-mayor-snubs-bogus-degree Harare Mayor snubs "bogus" degree], ''Daily News'', published: May 10, 2017, retrieved: May 10, 2017</ref>
  
==Latest News==
+
==Suspension==
{| class="pintablefloat"
+
On 14 February 2018, Bernard '''Manyenyeni''' was recalled as Mayor by Harare City Councillors. MDC-T Harare provincial chairperson [[Erick Murai]] confirmed that Harare councillors – mostly from the MDC-T – had passed a vote of no confidence in '''Manyenyeni''' on allegations that he was no longer co-operating with them and not following the wishes and aspirations of the opposition party, not taking party orders in the discharge of his duties, and replaced him with his deputy, [[Enock Mupamawonde]].
|+
+
“He has been speaking his mind and not the position of council. He is a dictator and does not consult fellow councillors. Most importantly, he does not want to take instructions from the party on issues to do with workers and council management,” a councillor who requested anonymity, said.
|- class="pintablemore"
+
'''Manyenyeni''' has also been critical of the quality and calibre of councillors, saying residents should vote for those who are educated – a statement that has caused discomfort among city fathers. <ref name="MDC-T recalls Harare mayor Manyenyeni"> [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2018/02/mdc-t-recalls-harare-mayor-manyenyeni/ MDC-T recalls Harare mayor Manyenyeni], ''Newsday'', Published: 14 February 2018, Retrieved: 25 October 2019''</ref>
|  |
 
<rss max=5 highlight="latest News">http://feeds.feedburner.com/PindulaNews</rss>
 
  
[http://www.pindula.co.zw/news/ More News Headlines]
+
A major point '''Manyenyeni''' brought up was pay. Disproportionate remuneration between municipal employees and their government and private sector contemporaries. Municipal workers were paid far higher. For example, a Harare city council farm guard was being paid $907 per month while a Constable with the Zimbabwe Republic Police earned just $400, a Harare nursing sister earned $1 527 with private hospital employees in the same job being paid $1 000 while government nurses earned $500, and  Sergeants within security departments in the city earn $1 266 while a Zimbabwe National Army soldier with the same rank earned just $600.  
|}
 
  
 +
Reports have indicated that Harare uses over 80% of its revenue to pay salaries. This is contrary to a government directive that prescribes 70% service delivery expenditure with the remainder going towards wages.
 +
Harare's monthly salary bill stands at approximately $10 million against revenues of between $12 million and $13 million collected monthly. <ref name="Zimbabwe: Harare City Farm Guards Earn Double Police, Army Wages"> [https://allafrica.com/stories/201901020442.html  Zimbabwe: Harare City Farm Guards Earn Double Police, Army Wages], ''New Zimbabwe'', Published: 1 January 2019, Retrieved: 25 October 2019''</ref>
 +
 +
==Further Reading==
 +
<ref name="Big Saturday Read: Conversation with former Harare Mayor, Ben Manyenyeni"> [https://www.bigsr.co.uk/single-post/2019/10/12/Big-Saturday-Read-Conversation-with-former-Harare-Mayor-Ben-Manyenyeni  Big Saturday Read: Conversation with former Harare Mayor, Ben Manyenyeni], ''Big Saturday Read'', Published: 12 October 2019, Retrieved: 25 October 2019''</ref>
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{Reflist}}
+
<references/>
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
 
| NAME              = Bernard Manyenyeni
 
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
 
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Zimbabwean politician
 
| DATE OF BIRTH    =
 
| PLACE OF BIRTH    = Zimbabwe
 
| DATE OF DEATH    =
 
| PLACE OF DEATH    = Harare
 
}}
 
  
 
{{#seo:
 
{{#seo:
|title=About Bernard Manyenyeni - Pindula, Local Knowledge  
+
|title= Bernard Manyenyeni Biography: Education, General Career, Career As Harare Mayor -Pindula, Local Knowledge
|titlemode=replace
+
|title_mode=replace
|keywords= Bernard Manyenyeni,  
+
|keywords= Bernard Manyenyeni, Ben Manyenyeni
|description=
+
|description= Bernard (Ben) Manyenyeni, the former Mayor of Harare, is a Zimbabwean business executive, politician and MDC-T member. As a businessman, his career spans over 25 years in the financial services sector, largely managing group pension funds. He was the Mayor of Harare from 2013 to 2018. Manyenyeni was succeeded by Herbert Gomba in 2018.
 +
|image= Bernard_Manyenyeni_Harare_Mayor.jpg
 +
|image_alt= Bernard Manyenyeni
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:Harare Mayors]]
 
[[Category:Harare Mayors]]
 +
[[Category:Business Executives]]

Latest revision as of 07:47, 13 July 2021

Bernard Manyenyeni
Bernard Manyenyeni
Bernard Manyenyeni
Born (1965-01-25) January 25, 1965 (age 57)
Mvurwi
NationalityZimbabwe
CitizenshipZimbabwean
EducationStrategic Management
Alma materUniversity of Derby, UK
Occupation
  • Politician
  • Business Executive
EmployerAltfin Life Assurance
Known forBeing Mayor of Harare
Political partyMDC-T
Spouse(s)Fran (nee Mukura)
Children2

Bernard (Ben) Manyenyeni, the former Mayor of Harare, is a Zimbabwean business executive, politician and MDC-T member. As a businessman, his career spans over 25 years in the financial services sector, largely managing group pension funds. He was the Mayor of Harare from 2013 to 2018. Manyenyeni was succeeded by Herbert Gomba in 2018.

Background

Manyenyeni first did his primary education at St Clare’s Primary School Murewa before moving to Murehwa Central Primary School and the later Bindura Salvation Army Primary School in Bindura. He did his secondary education at St Ignatius College and later Marlborough High School.

Career

  • Sales and Reservations Assistant at Air Malawi Limited from March 1985 to August 1985.
  • Junior Account Executive at Old Mutual Limited Group Pensions from September 1985 to July 1990.
  • Senior Broker at Zimbabwe Insurance Brokers Limited from Aug 1990 to May 1998.
  • Divisional Manager in May 1998 and then Operations Director June 1999 at AON Zimbabwe.
  • In August 2003 he joined GP2 Asset Management as the Marketing Director. He then became Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer in October 2004. The company shut down in 2005.
  • He is currently the General Manager and Principal Officer of Altfin Life Assurance Company.

Mayor of Harare

In 2013 he was the councillor for Ward 17, Mount Pleasant. In September 2013 he was elected Mayor of Harare for a 5-year term beating Zanu-PF's Musatye Gwasira by a margin of 31 votes. He succeeded Muchadeyi Masunda.

Suspension from mayor position

In 2015, the Town Clerk Tendai Mahachi was relieved of duties for retirement.

In March 2016, Harare City Council appointed James Mushore as Town Clerk. Then, (the same day) central government, through the Minister of local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Saviour Kasukuwere overturned the decision for a flawed hiring process. James Mushore challenged the dismissal in courts. City Council refused a Ministry directive to re-advertise post. Saviour Kasukuwere spokes to the Acting Town Clerk, Josephine Ncube and Mayor Ben Manyenyeni. The Mayor said our ‘hands are tied’ as the matter is before the courts. There were four matters surrounding this case before the courts. One being Combined Harare Residents Association (CHRA) suing Saviour Kasukuwere for abusing the Urban Councils Act. [1]

Suspension of Bernard Manyenyeni by Jonathan Moyo

So, in 2016 he was suspended as mayor, arrested and rearrested, at the instigation of the Minister of Local Government, Saviour Kasukuwere and Jonathan Moyo. He was accused of various offenses, among them the (above) alleged unprocedural appointment of former NMB Bank chief executive James Mushore as the city’s town clerk by the Resolution of Council.[2]

The victimization stemmed from inter-party rivalry between MDC-T and Zanu-PF over who would be the Harare Town Clerk. Manyenyeni challenged the suspension at the High Court. Manyenyeni sought the nullification of the suspension and for the court to bar Minister Kasukuwere from interfering with his operations as Mayor of Harare.

Manyenyeni also approached the high court and argued that the minister was abusing the legal process by splitting charges against him so that each time his suspension period expired, he would suspend him again. If this was allowed, he argued, the Minister could suspend him indefinitely through periodic renewals of the suspension with fresh charges being brought against him on each occasion. The judge agreed with the Mayor and revoked the second suspension[3][4] .[5]

Turning down honorary degree

Harare Mayor Bernard Manyenyeni turned down an honorary doctorate degree from Dubai based Dubai Leadership Summit.

Speaking to the Daily News, Manyenyeni said:

I knew my turn would surely come. I spent the last few years laughing when people were receiving these dubious degrees, so I will not accept it now. An honorary degree is an honour when it’s coming out of a proper institution, it is earned out of service but these degrees are a mockery to Zimbabwe.

[6]

Suspension

On 14 February 2018, Bernard Manyenyeni was recalled as Mayor by Harare City Councillors. MDC-T Harare provincial chairperson Erick Murai confirmed that Harare councillors – mostly from the MDC-T – had passed a vote of no confidence in Manyenyeni on allegations that he was no longer co-operating with them and not following the wishes and aspirations of the opposition party, not taking party orders in the discharge of his duties, and replaced him with his deputy, Enock Mupamawonde. “He has been speaking his mind and not the position of council. He is a dictator and does not consult fellow councillors. Most importantly, he does not want to take instructions from the party on issues to do with workers and council management,” a councillor who requested anonymity, said. Manyenyeni has also been critical of the quality and calibre of councillors, saying residents should vote for those who are educated – a statement that has caused discomfort among city fathers. [7]

A major point Manyenyeni brought up was pay. Disproportionate remuneration between municipal employees and their government and private sector contemporaries. Municipal workers were paid far higher. For example, a Harare city council farm guard was being paid $907 per month while a Constable with the Zimbabwe Republic Police earned just $400, a Harare nursing sister earned $1 527 with private hospital employees in the same job being paid $1 000 while government nurses earned $500, and Sergeants within security departments in the city earn $1 266 while a Zimbabwe National Army soldier with the same rank earned just $600.

Reports have indicated that Harare uses over 80% of its revenue to pay salaries. This is contrary to a government directive that prescribes 70% service delivery expenditure with the remainder going towards wages. Harare's monthly salary bill stands at approximately $10 million against revenues of between $12 million and $13 million collected monthly. [8]

Further Reading

[9]


References

  1. [Hard Copy Govt, Harare City on collision course], Sunday Mail, Published: 9 October 2016, Retrieved: 4 January 2020
  2. Innocent Ruwende, Manyenyeni suspended, The Herald, Published:21 April 2016, Retrieved: 21 April 2016
  3. Alex Magaisa, Welcome to the “rule of law”: made in Zimbabwe, Alex Magaisa, Published: 29 June 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016
  4. Innocent Ruwende and Ivan Zhakata, Manyenyeni arrested, The Herald, Published:30 June 2016, Retrieved5 July 2016
  5. Fungai Lupande, Court frees Manyenyeni, The Herald, Published:2 July 2016, Retrieved:5 July 2016
  6. Farayi Machamire, Harare Mayor snubs "bogus" degree, Daily News, published: May 10, 2017, retrieved: May 10, 2017
  7. MDC-T recalls Harare mayor Manyenyeni, Newsday, Published: 14 February 2018, Retrieved: 25 October 2019
  8. Zimbabwe: Harare City Farm Guards Earn Double Police, Army Wages, New Zimbabwe, Published: 1 January 2019, Retrieved: 25 October 2019
  9. Big Saturday Read: Conversation with former Harare Mayor, Ben Manyenyeni, Big Saturday Read, Published: 12 October 2019, Retrieved: 25 October 2019