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[[Chinx]] is a short name for Chingaira. He was born in Rusape, on September 27 1955. He was married to [[Catherine Mazuru]] who died in 1996.  
 
[[Chinx]] is a short name for Chingaira. He was born in Rusape, on September 27 1955. He was married to [[Catherine Mazuru]] who died in 1996.  
 
==Music Career Before Independence==
 
==Music Career Before Independence==
His interest in music began when his primary school headmaster, Mr Martin Dhlamini, encouraged him to sing and to join the school choir. On completion of secondary school, Chinx got a place to study medicine overseas but he failed to get travel documents and the whole plan failed to materialise. Then in 1974 worked at an engineering plant in Msasa, in Harare. At the end of 1975, Chinx joined the [[liberation struggle]] in Mozambique. As much as he was a fighter his love for music made him a full-time organiser of the [[Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front]](ZANU-PF) People’s Choir. The choir that was formed was called Takawira in honour of the late nationalist [[Leopold Takawira]]. Takawira Choir became just but one of many other choirs which boosted freedom fighters’ morale during the war. Chinx had joined the guerrillas with the sole aim of liberating Zimbabwe but found himself leader of the then Takawira choir which in no time changed its name to Zanla Choir, which acted as a morale booster for the fighting cadres when Cde Mhere Yaraira who led the group was transferred. <ref>[http://intimatemomentswithzimmusicians.blogspot.com/2012_03_01_archive.html Jinxed Chinxed - the guerrilla]</ref>  
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His interest in music began when his primary school headmaster, Mr Martin Dhlamini, encouraged him to sing and to join the school choir. On completion of secondary school, [[Chinxi Chingaira]] got a place to study medicine overseas but he failed to get travel documents and the whole plan failed to materialise. Then in 1974 worked at an engineering plant in Msasa, in Harare. At the end of 1975, [[Chinx]] joined the [[liberation struggle]] in Mozambique. As much as he was a fighter his love for music made him a full-time organiser of the [[Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front]](ZANU-PF) People’s Choir. The choir that was formed was called Takawira in honour of the late nationalist [[Leopold Takawira]]. Takawira Choir became just but one of many other choirs which boosted freedom fighters’ morale during the war. [[Chinx]] had joined the guerrillas with the sole aim of liberating Zimbabwe but found himself leader of the then Takawira choir which in no time changed its name to Zanla Choir, which acted as a morale booster for the fighting cadres when Comrade Mhere Yaraira who led the group was transferred. <ref>[http://intimatemomentswithzimmusicians.blogspot.com/2012_03_01_archive.html Jinxed Chinxed - the guerrilla]</ref>  
 
==Music Career After Independence==
 
==Music Career After Independence==
 
His musical skills were later realised at Independence in 1980 when he returned to Zimbabwe. He soon teamed up with Bennie Miller and Keith Farquharson to record his early chimurenga hits “Ngorimba”, “Zvikomborero” and “Nerudo”. The band soon developed to include [[Don Gumbo]] of [[Ilanga]] and more hits were recorded between 1982 and 1987. After a short stint with [[Ilanga]] he moved on to team up with Mazana Movement Band and then later with Mazana Black Spirits. His hit song entitled "Vanhu Vose VemuAfrica" translated "People of Africa" captures the essence of humanity and unity in the face of injustice and unfairness. His most outstanding hit, “Roger Confirm”, stayed on the then Radio 3’s Hitpick charts for 25 weeks in 1989 and early 1990. Every year since the 1980s during the [[Heroes Day]], [[Independence Day celebrations]] and [[Africa Day]] holidays, all radio stations in Zimbabwe have continued to play Chinx’s [[liberation songs]]. <ref>[http://www.herald.co.zw/the-magic-behind-ilanga/ The magic behind Ilanga]</ref>. In 2000, when the [[land reform]] started, Chinx was part of the group, which took up an active role in propping up what came to be called the Third Chimurenga by composing songs in support of the move.<ref>[http://southerntimesafrica.com/news_article.php?id=8445&title=Zanla%20Choir%20legacy%20lingers&type=94#.UzVHtNKSwgE Zanla Choir legacy lingers]</ref>
 
His musical skills were later realised at Independence in 1980 when he returned to Zimbabwe. He soon teamed up with Bennie Miller and Keith Farquharson to record his early chimurenga hits “Ngorimba”, “Zvikomborero” and “Nerudo”. The band soon developed to include [[Don Gumbo]] of [[Ilanga]] and more hits were recorded between 1982 and 1987. After a short stint with [[Ilanga]] he moved on to team up with Mazana Movement Band and then later with Mazana Black Spirits. His hit song entitled "Vanhu Vose VemuAfrica" translated "People of Africa" captures the essence of humanity and unity in the face of injustice and unfairness. His most outstanding hit, “Roger Confirm”, stayed on the then Radio 3’s Hitpick charts for 25 weeks in 1989 and early 1990. Every year since the 1980s during the [[Heroes Day]], [[Independence Day celebrations]] and [[Africa Day]] holidays, all radio stations in Zimbabwe have continued to play Chinx’s [[liberation songs]]. <ref>[http://www.herald.co.zw/the-magic-behind-ilanga/ The magic behind Ilanga]</ref>. In 2000, when the [[land reform]] started, Chinx was part of the group, which took up an active role in propping up what came to be called the Third Chimurenga by composing songs in support of the move.<ref>[http://southerntimesafrica.com/news_article.php?id=8445&title=Zanla%20Choir%20legacy%20lingers&type=94#.UzVHtNKSwgE Zanla Choir legacy lingers]</ref>

Revision as of 14:16, 28 March 2014

Dickson Chingaira Makoni popularly known as Chinx (Born on September 27 1952) is a revolutionary musician and song writer. He is considered to be one of the greatest musicians to come out of Zimbabwe.

Background

Chinx is a short name for Chingaira. He was born in Rusape, on September 27 1955. He was married to Catherine Mazuru who died in 1996.

Music Career Before Independence

His interest in music began when his primary school headmaster, Mr Martin Dhlamini, encouraged him to sing and to join the school choir. On completion of secondary school, Chinxi Chingaira got a place to study medicine overseas but he failed to get travel documents and the whole plan failed to materialise. Then in 1974 worked at an engineering plant in Msasa, in Harare. At the end of 1975, Chinx joined the liberation struggle in Mozambique. As much as he was a fighter his love for music made him a full-time organiser of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front(ZANU-PF) People’s Choir. The choir that was formed was called Takawira in honour of the late nationalist Leopold Takawira. Takawira Choir became just but one of many other choirs which boosted freedom fighters’ morale during the war. Chinx had joined the guerrillas with the sole aim of liberating Zimbabwe but found himself leader of the then Takawira choir which in no time changed its name to Zanla Choir, which acted as a morale booster for the fighting cadres when Comrade Mhere Yaraira who led the group was transferred. [1]

Music Career After Independence

His musical skills were later realised at Independence in 1980 when he returned to Zimbabwe. He soon teamed up with Bennie Miller and Keith Farquharson to record his early chimurenga hits “Ngorimba”, “Zvikomborero” and “Nerudo”. The band soon developed to include Don Gumbo of Ilanga and more hits were recorded between 1982 and 1987. After a short stint with Ilanga he moved on to team up with Mazana Movement Band and then later with Mazana Black Spirits. His hit song entitled "Vanhu Vose VemuAfrica" translated "People of Africa" captures the essence of humanity and unity in the face of injustice and unfairness. His most outstanding hit, “Roger Confirm”, stayed on the then Radio 3’s Hitpick charts for 25 weeks in 1989 and early 1990. Every year since the 1980s during the Heroes Day, Independence Day celebrations and Africa Day holidays, all radio stations in Zimbabwe have continued to play Chinx’s liberation songs. [2]. In 2000, when the land reform started, Chinx was part of the group, which took up an active role in propping up what came to be called the Third Chimurenga by composing songs in support of the move.[3]

Awards

His song, "Vanhu Vese VemuAfrica" was voted the Silver Jubilee Award for the Most Inspiring Song of the Liberation War during the 2005 National Arts Merit Awards. In the early 90s he also got a double from MNET Africa for the movie Flame in which he played a major role and had his song, 'Maruza Vapambe Pfumi" which then won the best soundtrack.[4]

References