The Constitution of Zimbabwe is the supreme law of the Republic of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's latest constitution was voted for and approved in a referendum of 16 March 2013. Before the current constitution, Zimbabwe used a constitution negotiated at the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement as Zimbabwe became independent of the United Kingdom after a protracted war of independence.
In 2000, an attempt was made to create a new constitution but the proposed constitution, drafted by a constitutional convention, was defeated by a constitutional referendum held from 12 to 13 February 2000.
Following a contested election result in the 2008 presidential elections in Zimbabwe, the country's 3 major political parties, ZANU-PF, MDC-T and MDC came together into a transitional government (an inclusive government) under the Global Political Agreement. This agreement had provisions for the setting up of an inclusive parliamentary select committee (COPAC) that would oversee the drafting of a new constitution which involved an outreach programme.
The COPAC processes was not very smooth with a lot of stops as the parties failed to agree on certain issues particularly those to do with presidential powers and whether or not President Mugabe would be regarded as having already served the two term limits that were being proposed or they would start counting when the constitution came into effect. They later agreed to allow Mugabe to be treated as starting a new term when the constitution would be initiated although he had already been in power for 33 years at that time.
The new constitution was approved in the referendum of 16 March 2013 and parliament approved it on 9 May 2013.
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