Difference between revisions of "Emmerson Mnangagwa"

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Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is a politician and member of the [[Zimbabwe Africa National Union Patriotic Front]] (ZANU PF) currently serving as Minister of Justice. He had been a cabinet Minister since [[Zimbabwe]] attained independence in 1980.
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{{Infobox person
==Background==
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| name                      = Emmerson Mnangagwa
Mnangagwa was born on the 15th of September 1964 in Zvishavane.
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| image                    = Emmerson-Mnangagwa-Pindula.jpg
==Education==
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| alt                      = Picture of Emmerson Mnangagwa
He holds a Bachelor of Law form the University of Zambia (1974). He also studied at the Kafue Trade School and then at Hodgson Technical College.<ref>[http://www.famousbirthdays.com/people/emmerson-mnangagwa.html BEFORE FAME]</ref>
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| caption                  = Emmerson Mnangagwa
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| birth_name                = Emmerson Mnangagwa
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| birth_date                = {{Birth date and age|mf=yes|1942|9|15}}
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| birth_place              = Karangaland [[Midlands]], Zimbabwe
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| residence                = [[Harare]], [[Zimbabwe]].
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| other_names              =
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<!-- | qualifications            = Bachelor of Laws, University of Zambia -->
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| occupation                =
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| years_active              =
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| net_worth                =
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| spouse                    = [[Auxilia Mnangagwa]]
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| children                  = [[Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior]], Collin, Sean, Chido Emma, Farai Celine, Tariro, Justine Mhurai, Samora Samuel <ref>BLESSED MHLANGA, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2016/02/18/mnangagwas-son-charged/ Mnangagwa’s son charged], ''Newsday'', Published: 18 Feb 2016, Retrieved: 18 Feb 2016</ref>
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| parents                  =
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| relatives                =
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| alma_mater                = University of London
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<!--| religion                  = [[Christianity]]
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| twitter                  = @edmnangagwa -->
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| website                  =  {{URL|https://www.twitter.com/edmnangagwa}}
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}}
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'''Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa'''  a politician and the First Secretary of the [[Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front]]. On '''3 August 2018''' ZEC Chairperson [[Priscilla Chigumba]] announced that  Mnangagwa had won the popular vote by 50.8% ,hence he was duly elected to be the president of Zimbabwe as of '''3 August 2018'''.
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He is former Vice President of Zimbabwe and was dismissed on '''5 November 2017'''. He had been removed from his post as Minister of Justice and replaced by [[Happyton Bonyongwe]] a month earlier. A few days after his dismissal  as Vice President, Mnangagwa, was  expelled from [[Zanu-PF]] Party only to be reinstated by the [[Central Committee]] on the 19th of November 2017 as  party leader and state-president-in-waiting.[https://news.pindula.co.zw/2017/11/19/list-people-expelled-zanu-pf-following-central-committee-meeting| Central Committee Meeting Outcome:2017]  <ref name=""> [http://www.herald.co.zw/justice-ministry-slams-match-fixing/], ''  , Published: 22 March 2016, Retrieved: 27 July 2016''</ref>.He was sworn in on the 24th of November 2017 as Head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.<ref name="Herald"> [http://www.herald.co.zw/live-cde-mnangagwa-inauguration-as-president-and-head-of-state/Cde Mnangagwa sworn in as Zimbabwe’s new President  ], '', Published: 24 November 2017 , Retrieved: 24 November 2017''</ref>.
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* 1962 - active with UNIP in Lusaka, Zambia.
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* 1963 - Student leader in ZANU.
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* 1964 - member of 'Crocodile' military group.
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* 1976 - with ZANU at Geneva.
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* 1977 - Central Committee, ZANU (PF) as Special Assistant, Administration to the President
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* 1980 - Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office. <ref name="African Nationalist Leaders in Zimbabwe: Who’s Who 1980"> [Diana Mitchell,  African Nationalist Leaders in Zimbabwe: Who’s Who 1980], "African Nationalist Leaders in Zimbabwe: Who’s Who 1980'', (Cannon Press, Salisbury, 1980), Retrieved: 16 November 2020'' </ref>
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==Personal Details==
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'''Born:''' '''15 September 1942'''. Mother Mhurai and father Mafidhi Mnangagwa.<ref name="hade">[http://www.zimbabwesituation.org/?p=24458 President Consoles Mnangagwa Family], ''The Zimbabwe Situation'', Published: December 11, 2010, Retrieved:January 22, 2015</ref> He was born in a family of six in [[Zvishavane]], [[Midlands Province]]. <br/>
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'''Married:''' [[Auxilia Mnangagwa]]. Former MP for [[Chirumhanzu Zibagwe Parliamentary Seat]] [[Midlands Province]]. Auxillia is Mnangagwa's third wife and together they have three children namely Emmerson Junior, Collin and Sean. He also has other children,  [[Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior]]  and Samora Samuel.<ref name="profile">C. Manyuke, [http://www.chronicle.co.zw/profile-emmerson-mnangagwa/ Profile Emmerson-Mnangagwa], "Chronicle", published:11 Dec 14,retrieved:11 Dec 14"</ref> <br/>
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==School / Education==
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Primary education in [[Zvishavane]]. <br/>
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Family relocated to Zambia in '''1955''', where he attended Mumbwa Boarding School, Kafue Trade School and Hodgson Technical College. He was expelled from college in '''1960''' for political activism and joined the Zambia United National Independent Party.<ref name="TheHerald"/> <br/>
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==Political Career==
 
==Political Career==
He joined politics while he was only 12 years old after being recruited into the [[Zimbabwe African People’s Union]] (ZAPU) by [[Willie Musarurwa]] in 1962. He then went to China and later Egypt were he received his military training in 1963.<ref>[http://www.africa-confidential.com/whos-who-profile/id/232/page/2 Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa]</ref>
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He joined politics at a very tender age after being recruited into the [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) by [[Willie Musarurwa]] in '''1962'''. He then went to China and later Egypt where he received his military training in '''1963'''. <ref>[http://www.africa-confidential.com/whos-who-profile/id/232/page/2 Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa]</ref>. During his early days as a political activist he was nick-named "Ngwena" due to his crocodile style in sabotage activities  against the colonial government. <ref name=" profile"/> It was reported that he was part of the [[Crocodile Gang]], an elite group of guerrilla fighters during the [[Second Chimurenga]].
==Detention==
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When he came back from China, he directed the liberation struggle against the [[Ian Smith]] regime. He fell victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and torutured in 1965 after he helped blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo He spent the following ten years in prison. The s torture was so severe that he lost of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6506549.stm Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>  
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He is believed to have been a victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and tortured in '''1965''' after allegedly helping blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now [[Masvingo]]) He was reportedly  given a death sentence but eventually spent the following ten years in prison. The torture was reported to have been so severe that he lost the sense of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6506549.stm Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>
==As Central Intelligence Head==
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Mnangagwa was allegedly involved in the infamous [[Gukurahundi Massacres]] that took place in the 1980s. He allegedly worked hand in hand with the army to suppress [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) then led by [[Joshua Nkomo]].Having been appointed National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) that took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in Matebeleland and Manicaland provinces. which worked hand in glove with the army to suppress Zapu.<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/gukgenocide3.11902.html Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands]</ref>He was nicknamed the 'Crocodile' for his involvement.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/9192076/Robert-Mugabe-strikes-secret-deal-to-hand-Zimbabwe-power-to-Emmerson-Mnangagwa.html Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>
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==Events==
==Violence Claims==
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===Emmerson Mnangagwa Timeline===
The violence, torture, murder that characterized the Mach 2008 Parliamentary and the 27 June Presidential election was attributed to him.<ref>[http://www.sokwanele.com/thisiszimbabwe/archives/7194 Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref> According to Independent human rights groups, 85 people have died and tens of thousands have been displaced from their homes, most of them opposition supporters during the run off election.<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/mdc224.18364.html Tsvangirai withdraws from run-off]</ref> Tvangirai himself said 200 000 people were displaced and over 86 MDC supporters killed. He also said over 20 000 homes destroyed and over 10 000 people were injured in the violence.<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/mdc225.18366.html Text: Morgan Tsvangirai's statement on presidential run-off]</ref>
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* 1977 - Mnangagwa was selected as special assistant to the President and a member of the National Executive for Zanu -PF, a position which meant he was head of both the civil and military divisions of the party.
==Bid to succed Mugabe==
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* 1980 – At independence, he became Minister of State Security from 1980 to 1988.
In 2004, 
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* 1985-2000 – He was elected as [[Kwekwe]] East Member of Parliament in 1985 and continued to win in successive elections in Kwekwe until 2000.
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* 1988-2000 – Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs. He had, however, acted as Minister of Finance for about 15 months when the then incumbent, the late national hero Dr [[Bernard Chidzero]], was not feeling well.
Career:  ; Special Assitant for Security, Office of the President, Zimbabwe, 1977; Minister of State for Security 1980-1988; Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs, 1989-2000; acting Minister of Finance, 1995-96; Speaker of Parliament, 2000-2005; Minister of Rural Housing and Amenities, 2005-2008; Minister of Defence 2009 to 2013.
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* 2000-2005 – Mnangagwa was elected Speaker of Parliament.
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* 2005-2009 – Appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities.
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* 2008 – Elected MP for Chirumanzu-Zibagwe constituency
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* 2009-2013 – Appointed Minister of Defence and then Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.
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* 2014 – Appointed Vice President following the dismissal of [[Joice Mujuru]], and doubled up as the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.
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* October 2017 – Removed from the Justice portfolio Following a Cabinet reshuffle, and later dismissed from Government on 6 November 2017.
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* 8 November 2017 – Expelled from [[Zanu-PF]], although he had already left the country following attempts on his life after he was dismissed as Vice President of the [[Zimbabwe]].
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* 19 November 2017 – An extraordinary session of the Zanu-PF Central Committee readmits Mnangagwa as First Secretary and President while sacking former President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace Mugabe at the same time.
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* 21 November 2017 – [[Lovemore Matuke]] notified Parliament that [[Zanu-PF]] had nominated  Mnangagwa to replace former President Mugabe.
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* 22 November 2017 – Returned to [[Zimbabwe]]  after  self-imposed exile. 
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* 23 November 2017 – Inaugurated as the head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the [[Zimbabwe Defence Forces]] .<ref name="TheHerald"> [http://www.herald.co.zw/breaking-ed-mnangagwa-fired/President-designate ED’s timeline  ], '',24 November 2017: DATE_24 November 2017''</ref>
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===Gukurahundi===
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Mnangagwa was largely involved in the infamous [[Gukurahundi]] Massacres that took place in the '''1980'''s. He was reported to have worked hand in hand with the army to suppress [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) then led by [[Joshua Nkomo]]. After appointment as National Security Minister in '''1980''', Mnangagwa was in charge of the [[Central Intelligence Organisation]] (CIO) and the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in [[Matabeleland]] and [[Manicaland Province]].<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/gukgenocide3.11902.html Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands]</ref> His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era. <ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/9192076/Robert-Mugabe-strikes-secret-deal-to-hand-Zimbabwe-power-to-Emmerson-Mnangagwa.html Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>
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===Gukurahundi apology===
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During an interview at the sidelines of the World Economic Forum held in Davos, Switzerland '''Mnangagwa''' refused to apologize for the Gukurahundi atrocity that happened in the '''1980'''s whilst he was still a Minister in the Mugabe administration. While being interviewed by Mishal Husain, '''Mnangagwa''' admitted that he was in a position of power when the [[Gukurahundi]] massacres took place. '''Mnangagwa''' was Minister of National Security which was responsible for the [[Central Intelligence Organisation]] (CIO). He said that he was open to appearing before the National Healing and Peace Commission. He, however, disputed the 20 000 figure and said that the number of casualties is actually lesser than that. When told that he could just apologise for the atrocities as a starting point, '''Mnangagwa''' said there is nothing more than him signing the Peace and Reconciliation Bill into law. <ref name="Pindula"> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2018/01/24/mnangagwa-refuses-apologise-gukurahundi-says-commission-enough/], ''Mnangagwa Refuses To Apologise For Gukurahundi, Says The Commission Is Enough, Published: 24 January 2018 , Retrieved: January 24 2018''</ref>
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===DRC Minerals===
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'''Mnangagwa''' was pointed out by the United Nations in '''2001''' as the architect behind Zanu-PF's illicit dealings in the Democratic Republic of Congo.These deals had to do with the [[Zimbabwe National Army]] and other unnamed businessmen from both countries. There was widespread speculation that he got access to the DRC's mineral wealth due to Zimbabwe's taking part in the war. .<ref name="abc">J. Winter, [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6506549.stm Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa], "BBC News", published:30 Mar 07,retrieved:11 Dec 14"</ref>
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===Unlawful Release===
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There were allegations that were made in the press to the effect that  '''Mnangagwa''' had unlawfully facilitated the release of [[George Tanyanyiwa Chikanga]] in '''2000'''. This was reported to have taken place while he was still the minister of Legal and Parliamentary affairs. <ref name="Wewe">[http://allafrica.com/stories/200209200651.html Zimbabwe: State Completes Probe Into Mnangagwa, Chikanga Case], ''AllAfrica'', Published: September 20, 2002, Retrieved: January 7, 2015,</ref> Chikanga  was reported to have committed several crimes ranging from armed robbery to fraud, involving figures reaching up to  USD 7 million.<ref name="Lili">Pedzisai Ruhanya, [http://www.zimbabwesituation.com/old/oct26a_2001.html Mnangagwa visited jailed armed robber], ''Daily News'', Published: October 25, 2001, Retrieved: January 7, 2014</ref>
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===Share Dispute===
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'''Mnangagwa''' and his son Emmerson Jnr were involved in a $600 000 shares dispute between two [[Harare]] businessmen Brian Jembere and Paris Olympics. The local media reported that Jembere bought $600 000 worth of shares in Olympics’ H.E.R (Private) Limited company. Mnangagwa’s wife reportedly operates a salon at H.E.R premises, which is located at number 18311 Chiremba Road in [[Hillside]] in [[Harare]]. It was strongly believed that Olympics being closely linked to Mnangagwa used the [[Zimbabwe Republic Police]] to abuse the country’s criminal justice system to outdo Jembere. <ref name="Nehanda">T. Kamhungira, [http://nehandaradio.com/2015/01/13/mnangagwa-sucked-600-000-share-dispute/ Mnangagwa sucked into $600 000 share dispute],''Nehanda Radio'', published:13 Jan 2015,retrieved:14 Jan 2015"</ref>
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===Farm Mechanisation Scheme===
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In '''July 2020''', '''Emmerson Mngangwagwa''' was listed, in the BSR of 18 July 2020, as a beneficiary in the 2007 [[RBZ]] [[Farm Mechanisation Scheme]], as a result of the [[Fast Track Land Reform Programme]].
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The data is analysed by recipients origin:.
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* Mashonaland provinces had the most beneficiaries, both in terms of numbers and value. <br/>
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Mashonaland East got US$47,5 million, <br/>
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Mashonaland West US$44,7 million <br/>
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Mashonaland Central had US$34,2 million. <br/>
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* Two Matebeleland provinces had a combined total of US$13,9 million.
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* Masvingo had US$26,4 million,
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*Manicaland US$18 million and
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* Midlands had US$14 million.
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'''Emmerson Mngangwagwa''' is listed under the thematic group “Politicians”. His farm is [[Pricabe Enterprises]]. The amount is US$411,728.00. The list suggests that this is still outstanding.
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<ref name=" BSR EXCLUSIVE: Beneficiaries of the RBZ Farm Mechanisation Scheme"> https://www.bigsr.co.uk/single-post/2020/07/18/BSR-EXCLUSIVE-Beneficiaries-of-the-RBZ-Farm-Mechanisation-Scheme  BSR EXCLUSIVE: Beneficiaries of the RBZ Farm Mechanisation Scheme], ''Big Saturday Read'', Published: 18 July 2020 Retrieved: 18 July 2020''</ref>
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===Tsholotsho Declaration===
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In '''2004''', in what became known as the [[Tsholotsho Declaration]], a group led by six Zanu PF provincial chairmen, some members of the [[Politburo]], [[Central Committee]], MPs, Veterans of the War of Liberation met at [[Dinyane Secondary School]] in [[Tsholotsho]] where an agreement was allegedly struck to install Emmerson Mnangagwa in the presidium following the death of [[Simon Muzenda]].<ref name="NewsD">[https://www.newsday.co.zw/2013/09/09/zanu-pf-exorcises-tsholotsho-ghost/ Zanu PF exorcises Tsholotsho ghost], ''NewsDay'', published: September 9, 2013, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016</ref>
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Under the scheme, '''Mnangagwa''' would assume the vice-presidency and eventually the leadership of Zanu-PF and the country. The meeting was  allegedly held ahead of a key Zanu-PF congress in '''2004'''. Although Mnangagwa had secured the support of six of the country’s 10 provinces, he was outdone by [[Robert Mugabe|Mugabe]]’s move to amend the party’s constitution to ensure that one of the party’s vice-presidents was a woman. The decision saw [[Joice Mujuru]] being appointed vice-president.<ref name="NZ">[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/news-18706-Gumbo+warns+of+%E2%80%98Tsholotsho+Two%E2%80%99+plot/news.aspx Gumbo comes to Mujuru’s defence, attacks Herald], ''New Zimbabwe'', published: October 31, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1,2016</ref>.
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Following the failure of the succession plot, participants in the declaration were suspended from the party with the exception of '''Mnangagwa''' who was appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities, a position considered to be of low significance<ref name="Alex"> Alex Magaisa, [http://alexmagaisa.com/2014/12/10/the-year-of-the-crocodile/ The Year Of The Crocodile], ''Alex Magaisa'', published: December 10, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016</ref>
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===2007 Coup Plan===
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=== Ouster of Mujuru and Appointment as Vice President===
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'''Mnangagwa''' was eventually appointed as Vice President of Zimbabwe in '''2014''' after the [[Factionalism in Zanu-PF]] saw the ouster of [[Joice Mujuru]] from Zanu-PF, Mujuru was dismissed from the presidium by  Former President [[Robert Mugabe]] due to her alleged abuse of office and incompetence. Mnangagwa's appointment followed 10 days later, on 10 December 2014 during the  publicized [[ZANU PF 6th National People's Conference]] held from 2 December in Harare. <ref name="zbcnews">, [http://www.zbc.co.zw/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=50595%3Avp-mnangagwa-escapes-poisoning&catid=41%3Atop-stories&Itemid=86 VP Mnangagwa escapes poisoning], "ZBC", published:10 Dec 2014,retrieved:11 Dec 2014"</ref>
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'''Mnangagwa''' was appointed as both second secretary of the Zanu- PF party as well as state Vice President of the country. He was appointed together with [[Phelekezela Mphoko]] representing the ZAPU ([[Zimbabwe African People's Union]]) wing as part of the [[Unity Accord]] agreement. Mnangagwa's appointment came after years of speculation on who would land the job after the death of [[John Nkomo]]. Most analysts predicted Mnangagwa would land the post due to his unquestioned loyalty to  Robert Mugabe. There was also speculation that the decline of the Mujuru led faction and the relegation of [[Joice Mujuru]]  left Mnangagwa with considerable support both in the politburo as well as in the [[Central Committee]]. It is generally believed that Mnangagwa enjoyed popular support from Zanu-PF forefront leaders such as the former Secretary of the [[Women's League]]  [[Grace Mugabe]], [[Jonathan Moyo]], [[Oppah Muchinguri]], [[Obert Mpofu]] and [[Christopher Mutsvangwa]].
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===Team Lacoste vs G40===
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These two factions, part of [[Zanu-PF]], created a lot of friction and finger pointing as to who did what, very evidently. Some members of the party openly talked about the two factions  on rallies. The main points being how one faction might outdo the other and which faction was better. '''Mnangagwa''' was tied to the Lacoste Faction (a play on '''Mnangagwa''''s nickname which means crocodile and the crocodile logo on the Lacoste clothing label) while the G40 was reported to have been led by [[Grace Mugabe]].<ref name="The Standard"> [https://www.thestandard.co.zw/2017/09/10/team-lacoste-vs-g40-ed-poisoning-triggers-vicious-fight/Team Lacoste vs G40: ED ‘poisoning’ triggers vicious fight ], ''The Standard, Published: 10 September 2017,  Retrieved: 11 November 2017''</ref>
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===Dimissal and Expulsion from the party===
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'''Emerson Mnangagwa''' was dismissed from Government on various charges including discharging his duties in a manner inconsistent with his official duties, disloyalty, disrespect, deceitfulness and unreliability and a lack of probity in the execution of his duties by [[Robert Mugabe]]. <ref name="The Herald"> [http://www.herald.co.zw/zanu-pf-expels-mnangagwa/ Zanu-PF expels Mnangagwa], ''The Herald, Published: 09 November 2017,  Retrieved: 09 November 2017''</ref> Following recommendations from [[Zanu-PF Youth League]], [[Zanu-PF]] [[Women's League]], and ten provinces that '''Mnangagwa''' should be expelled from the party, he was expelled following the 313th ordinary session of the Politburo on the 8th of November 2017. <ref name="The Herald" />
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This dismissal was generally thought as motivated by the increasingly tense factional fights.
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===Reinstatement into the Party===
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The Zanu-PF Central Committee, which is the highest decision-making body outside of Congress, dismissed [[Robert Mugabe]] as the party leader and first secretary of [[Zanu-PF]] on 19 November 2017. '''Emmerson Mnangagwa''' was appointed party leader and state-president-in-waiting. <ref name="Pindula News"> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2017/11/19/list-people-expelled-zanu-pf-following-central-committee-meeting/List of People Expelled From Zanu-PF Following Central Committee Meeting]'', Published: 19 November 2017 , Retrieved: 22 November 2017''</ref>
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==Assuming The Presidency==
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On '''24 November 2017''' '''Emmerson Mnangagwa''' was sworn in as President of [[Zimbabwe]] after Zanu-PF had voted him as president in waiting and reinstatement into the party. The swearing in took place at the [[National Sports Stadium]] in [[Harare]] and was conducted by [[Luke Malaba]].
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===Alleged Assasination Attempts===
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====Attempted Poisoning 2014====
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The [[Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation]] Television reported that there was an attempt to  poison the former Vice President just before he was appointed Vice President. Unknown assailants were believed to have sprinkled the deadly cyanide poison in Mnangagwa’s office at the new government complex in Harare. <ref name="zbcnews"/> It was also reported that '''Mnangagwa''' was lucky to survive after his secretary, the first one to enter into office was seriously affected by the poison. She was rushed to a local hospital where she was treated. <ref name="zbcnews"/> Former President [[Robert Mugabe]] broke the news on '''10 December 2014''' while announcing the new look on Zanu-PF Politburo, which saw '''Mnangagwa''' replace [[Joyce Mujuru]] as Robert Mugabe’s deputy. <ref name="zbcnews"/>
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====Ice Cream Poisoning 2017====
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'''Mnangagwa''' was ferried from a Youth Interface Rally in Gwanda in '''August 2017''', after he fell ill and started vomiting. It was alleged that he had eaten ice cream from [[Gushungo Dairy]]. He was later airlifted to South Africa, where he was reported to have recovered.  However, days later the then Minister of Information and Publicity [[Christopher Mushohwe]], dismissed the poisoning allegations refuting that '''Mnangagwa''' had not eaten any ice cream at all. He was reported to have said that the former Vice President had instead eaten stale food which had upset his stomach. '''Mnangagwa''' further confirmed that he was not poisoned.
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<blockquote>
 +
“I would like to put it on record straight regarding my alleged consumption of ice cream from Gushungo Dairy at the High Table on the occasion of the Youth Interface Rally at Pelandaba Stadium in Gwanda, in Matabeleland South Province on Saturday 12th August 2017. No such thing ever occurred. The insinuation that I partook ice cream from the said dairy is false and mischievous, and being peddled by unscrupulous elements with a sinister agenda of creating a rift between me and the first family and lower market confidence in the products from the dairy and cause unnecessary alarm and despondency among peace-loving Zimbabweans."
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</blockquote>
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However, at the end of '''September 2017''', '''Mnangagwa''' confirmed rumours that he had been poisoned which he and state officials had dismissed. Speaking at the memorial service of the late [[Shuvai Mahofa]] in [[Masvingo]], Mnangagwa said:
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 +
<blockquote>
 +
“I have come to tell you that what happened to Mai Mahofa in Victoria Falls is what also happened to me.
 +
“I am making tremendous recovery. Those who wished me dead will be ashamed because when God’s time for one to die is not up, he will not die. I still have many years to live and the truth will come out,”
 +
<ref name="HF">verson Mushava/Blessed Mhlanga, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2017/10/gloves-off-mnangagwa/ It’s gloves off: Mnangagwa] ''NewsDay, Retrieved: October 2, 2017''</ref>
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 +
</blockquote>
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 +
====November 2017 Assassination Attempt====
 +
Upon his return after the reinstatement, '''Mnangagwa''' reportedly indicated in his opening speech that he had fled the country and went into exile. The main reason reported was that he was informed that his life was in danger and there were plans to eliminate him within two hours of him getting the letter of dismissal. [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2017/11/22/10-things-noted-emmerson-mnangagwas-first-speech-returning-country/ Emmerson Mnangagwa’s First Speech After Returning To The Country]
 +
 
 +
====June 2018 Explosion At Bulawayo Rally====
 +
On '''23 June 2018''', after Mnangagwa addressed as rally at White City Stadium in Bulawayo, an explosion (possibly a grenade) went off as he left the stage. Several people near him were injured including, Vice President [[Kembo Mohadi]], [[Marry Chiwenga]] (wife to Vice President Constantino Chiwenga) and others. '''Mnangagwa''' himself escaped unscathed.
 +
 
 +
Commenting on the attack later that day, '''Mnangagwa''' said that the cowardly act would not get in the way of holding a peaceful election on '''30 July 2018'''. <ref name="pn24june"> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2018/06/23/explosion-at-mnangagwa-bulawayo-rally/ Explosion At Mnangagwa Bulawayo Rally ⋆ Pindula News],'' Pindula News, published: 23 Jun 2018, retrieved: 24 Jun 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
After '''Emmerson Mnangagwa''' survived this assassination attempt, he said that Zimbabweans should address their differences amicably and not resort to violence to resolve any conflict.
 +
 
 +
In a statement following a blast at White City Stadium in the country’s second largest city, Bulawayo, '''Mnangagwa''' urged Zimbabweans to always embrace each other with love and not engage in violence. <ref name="voa"> [https://www.voazimbabwe.com/a/emmerson-mnangagwa-assassination-attempt/4452132.html President Mnangagwa Calls for Peace, Love After Stadium Blast],'' VOA, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Mnangagwa’s Administration  placed Under  USA Sanctions===
 +
United States renewed sanctions against '''Mnangagwa'''’s administration and former [[ZANU-PF]] leader Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace. New Ministers appointed after the Mugabe ouster and who were not on the list of targeted sanctions were also added on the list.
 +
 
 +
===Promises Made by Emmerson Mnangagwa===
 +
*Emmerson Mnangagwa pledged for the first democratic vote since Robert Mugabe was deposed.
 +
*Emmerson Mnangagwa promised to pay compensation for land grabs during the Fast track land reform.
 +
*Mnangagwa promised jobs
 +
*Mnangagwa promised financial stability
 +
*Mnangagwa promised smooth transition of power if he lost the 2018 election.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===TIME Magazine’s 100 Most Influential people ===
 +
In '''2018''' '''Mnangagwa''' was listed on TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential people in the world. He was listed together with US-based South African comedian Trevor Noah. Mnangagwa was listed in the leaders category. <ref name="Pn"> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2018/04/19/mnangagwa-listed-on-time-magazines-100-most-influential-people-in-the-world/], ''President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been listed on TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential people in the world, Published: DATE_PUBLISHED_HERE , Retrieved: 20 April 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Promise to step down in the event of loosing the 2018 presidential election===
 +
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Lieutenant-General (retired) [[Sibusiso Moyo]] said that President Emmerson Mnangagwa was prepared to step down if he  lost the '''2018''' presidential elections to [[MDC-T]] leader [[Nelson Chamisa]] or any other opposition candidate. Minister Moyo made the revelation at Chatham House in the United Kingdom, where he spoke on the government’s plans for re-engagement and renewal of Zimbabwe’s international economic relations. <ref name="step"> [https://news.pindula.co.zw/2018/04/23/mnangagwa-is-prepared-to-step-down-if-he-loses-2018-elections-s-b-moyo/], ''Mnangagwa Is Prepared To Step Down If He Loses 2018 Elections: S.B. Moyo, Published: 24 April 2018 , Retrieved: 24 April 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
===launching campaign pledge card===
 +
'''Mnangagwa''' launched a campaign pledge card and called on Zimbabweans to hold him accountable for his promises. Releasing the pledge card, '''Mnangagwa''', who was the Zanu PF presidential candidate in the '''30 July''' harmonised elections said in the new Zimbabwe leaders must be public servants, be open, transparent and accountable to the people.
 +
 
 +
He said each pledge card has his signature and should be considered a coupon of progress and development and a certificate of trust between the people and himself.<ref name="Zimmail"> [http://www.thezimbabwemail.com/main/mnangagwa-launches-campaign-pledge-card/ Mnangagwa launches campaign pledge card],'' The Zimbabwe Mail, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Zimbabwe is open for Bussiness===
 +
'''Mnangagwa''' said the country was "open for business" after almost four decades of oppressive rule by former leader [[Robert Mugabe]]. '''Mnangagwa''' said his priority was embracing the international economy and modernizing infrastructure, in an interview with CNN's Richard Quest at the World Economic Forum in Davos. '''Mnangagwa''' pledged "zero tolerance on corruption" and said he was "doing everything possible to deal with our debts.<ref name="CNN"> [https://edition.cnn.com/2018/01/24/africa/zimbabwe-president-emmerson-mnangagwa-davos-intl/index.html President Mnangagwa: Zimbabwe 'open for business' ],'' CNN, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018''</ref>
 +
{{#ev:youtube|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_eZf7JbOphU||| #AfCFTA: PRESIDENT MNANGAGWA SAYS ZIMBABWE IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS|frame|}}<br /><br />
 +
 
 +
{{#ev:youtube|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mWWA-JPVnLA||| Zimbabwe President: We can learn from past mistakes|frame|}}<br /><br />
 +
 
 +
===Warning Oppostion parties===
 +
Addressing a rally outside [[Mucheke Stadium]], Mnangagwa warned the opposition that Zanu PF revenge will be sour if they continued to assult and intimidate Zanu-PF suppoters.
 +
 
 +
<blockquote>Let’s show humility in Zanu PF and respect. Our respect and calmness should, however, not be regarded as weakness, if you anger us, you will see us, when things come to a head, you will see that we are not cheap people. When things are bad, we will be equal to the challenge. Do not start it with us,” he said.</blockquote>.<ref name="Newsday"> [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2018/06/mnangagwa-warns-opposition-parties-over-violence/ Mnangagwa warns opposition parties over violence - NewsDay Zimbabwe],'' NewsDay Zimbabwe, published: 17 Jun 2018, retrieved: 25 Jul 2018''</ref>
 +
 
 +
===2018 campaign videos===
 +
{{#ev:youtube|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0R0Aoa7kN5w||| ED Mnangagwa's Mutare Rally|frame|}}<br /><br />
 +
 
 +
===Casting the ballot Kwekwe 2018 elections===
 +
{{#ev:youtube|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4FjE56NI0s||| President Emmerson Mnangagwa casts his vote|}}<br /><br />
 +
 
 +
===Congradulations messages===
 +
====Cyril Rhamaposa====
 +
Cyril Ramaphosa, who was also the chairperson of SADC, called and congratulated '''Mnangagwa''' on his election as president of Zimbabwe, following elections which were held on the 30th of July 2018<ref name="b24"> [https://bulawayo24.com/index-id-news-sc-national-byo-142212.html Ramaphosa congratulates Mnangagwa],'' Bulawayo24 News, retrieved: 3 Aug 2018''</ref>.
 +
 
 +
==Trivia==
 +
===Comment on Nicknname===
 +
Mnangagwa was reported to have said this about his nickname:: <blockquote>“You know the trait of a crocodile, don’t you? It never hunts outside water. It always goes into the water to catch its prey. It never goes in the villages or in the bush looking for food. It strikes at the appropriate time. So a good guerrilla leader strikes at the appropriate time. That’s the import of the nicknames we give each other”<ref name="alex1">Alex Magaisa, [http://alexmagaisa.com/interview-with-the-crocodile-insights-from-mnangagwas-recent-interview/  Interview with “The Crocodile”: Insights from Mnangagwa’s recent interview ], ''AlexMagaisa.com , Published:4 September 2015 , Retrieved: 19 February 2016''</ref></blockquote>
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
 
 +
{{#seo:
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|title=Emmerson Mnangagwa, Biography, Zimbabwe President - Pindula, Local Knowledge
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|title_mode=replace
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|keywords=Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe President
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|description= Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is the current President of Zimbabwe and was sworn in in August 2018 as Head of State. He is the First Secretary of the ruling party Zanu- PF.
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|image=Emmerson-Mnangagwa-Pindula.jpg
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|image_alt=Emmerson Mnangagwa
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}}
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[[Category:Politicians]]
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[[Category:Presidents and Vice Presidents]]
  
following his military training in China and Egypt, directed the 1970s fight for independence victim of state violence after being arrested by the white-minority government in the former Rhodesia in 1965, after .  10 years in prisonAs National Security Minister Mr Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), which worked hand in glove with the army to suppress ZapuHe helped direct Zimbabwe's 1970s war of independence and later became the country's spy-master during the 1980s civil conflict
+
[[Category:Politicians]]
==Positions Held==
+
[[Category:Presidents and Vice Presidents]]
He was previously Minister of State Security from 1980 to 1988, Minister of Justice from 1988 to 2000, Speaker of Parliament from 2000[1] to 2005, Minister of Rural Housing from 2005[2] to 2009, and Minister of Defense from 2009 to 2013
 

Latest revision as of 08:59, 25 November 2021

Emmerson Mnangagwa
Picture of Emmerson Mnangagwa
Emmerson Mnangagwa
BornEmmerson Mnangagwa
(1942-09-15) September 15, 1942 (age 79)
Karangaland Midlands, Zimbabwe
ResidenceHarare, Zimbabwe.
Alma materUniversity of London
Spouse(s)Auxilia Mnangagwa
ChildrenEmmerson Mnangagwa Junior, Collin, Sean, Chido Emma, Farai Celine, Tariro, Justine Mhurai, Samora Samuel [1]
Websitewww.twitter.com/edmnangagwa

Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa a politician and the First Secretary of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front. On 3 August 2018 ZEC Chairperson Priscilla Chigumba announced that Mnangagwa had won the popular vote by 50.8% ,hence he was duly elected to be the president of Zimbabwe as of 3 August 2018.

He is former Vice President of Zimbabwe and was dismissed on 5 November 2017. He had been removed from his post as Minister of Justice and replaced by Happyton Bonyongwe a month earlier. A few days after his dismissal as Vice President, Mnangagwa, was expelled from Zanu-PF Party only to be reinstated by the Central Committee on the 19th of November 2017 as party leader and state-president-in-waiting.Central Committee Meeting Outcome:2017 [2].He was sworn in on the 24th of November 2017 as Head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.[3].

  • 1962 - active with UNIP in Lusaka, Zambia.
  • 1963 - Student leader in ZANU.
  • 1964 - member of 'Crocodile' military group.
  • 1976 - with ZANU at Geneva.
  • 1977 - Central Committee, ZANU (PF) as Special Assistant, Administration to the President
  • 1980 - Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office. [4]

Personal Details

Born: 15 September 1942. Mother Mhurai and father Mafidhi Mnangagwa.[5] He was born in a family of six in Zvishavane, Midlands Province.
Married: Auxilia Mnangagwa. Former MP for Chirumhanzu Zibagwe Parliamentary Seat Midlands Province. Auxillia is Mnangagwa's third wife and together they have three children namely Emmerson Junior, Collin and Sean. He also has other children, Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior and Samora Samuel.[6]

School / Education

Primary education in Zvishavane.
Family relocated to Zambia in 1955, where he attended Mumbwa Boarding School, Kafue Trade School and Hodgson Technical College. He was expelled from college in 1960 for political activism and joined the Zambia United National Independent Party.[7]

Political Career

He joined politics at a very tender age after being recruited into the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) by Willie Musarurwa in 1962. He then went to China and later Egypt where he received his military training in 1963. [8]. During his early days as a political activist he was nick-named "Ngwena" due to his crocodile style in sabotage activities against the colonial government. [6] It was reported that he was part of the Crocodile Gang, an elite group of guerrilla fighters during the Second Chimurenga.

He is believed to have been a victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and tortured in 1965 after allegedly helping blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) He was reportedly given a death sentence but eventually spent the following ten years in prison. The torture was reported to have been so severe that he lost the sense of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.[9]

Events

Emmerson Mnangagwa Timeline

  • 1977 - Mnangagwa was selected as special assistant to the President and a member of the National Executive for Zanu -PF, a position which meant he was head of both the civil and military divisions of the party.
  • 1980 – At independence, he became Minister of State Security from 1980 to 1988.
  • 1985-2000 – He was elected as Kwekwe East Member of Parliament in 1985 and continued to win in successive elections in Kwekwe until 2000.
  • 1988-2000 – Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs. He had, however, acted as Minister of Finance for about 15 months when the then incumbent, the late national hero Dr Bernard Chidzero, was not feeling well.
  • 2000-2005 – Mnangagwa was elected Speaker of Parliament.
  • 2005-2009 – Appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities.
  • 2008 – Elected MP for Chirumanzu-Zibagwe constituency
  • 2009-2013 – Appointed Minister of Defence and then Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.
  • 2014 – Appointed Vice President following the dismissal of Joice Mujuru, and doubled up as the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs.
  • October 2017 – Removed from the Justice portfolio Following a Cabinet reshuffle, and later dismissed from Government on 6 November 2017.
  • 8 November 2017 – Expelled from Zanu-PF, although he had already left the country following attempts on his life after he was dismissed as Vice President of the Zimbabwe.
  • 19 November 2017 – An extraordinary session of the Zanu-PF Central Committee readmits Mnangagwa as First Secretary and President while sacking former President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace Mugabe at the same time.
  • 21 November 2017 – Lovemore Matuke notified Parliament that Zanu-PF had nominated Mnangagwa to replace former President Mugabe.
  • 22 November 2017 – Returned to Zimbabwe after self-imposed exile.
  • 23 November 2017 – Inaugurated as the head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces .[7]

Gukurahundi

Mnangagwa was largely involved in the infamous Gukurahundi Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He was reported to have worked hand in hand with the army to suppress Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) then led by Joshua Nkomo. After appointment as National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in Matabeleland and Manicaland Province.[10] His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era. [11]

Gukurahundi apology

During an interview at the sidelines of the World Economic Forum held in Davos, Switzerland Mnangagwa refused to apologize for the Gukurahundi atrocity that happened in the 1980s whilst he was still a Minister in the Mugabe administration. While being interviewed by Mishal Husain, Mnangagwa admitted that he was in a position of power when the Gukurahundi massacres took place. Mnangagwa was Minister of National Security which was responsible for the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO). He said that he was open to appearing before the National Healing and Peace Commission. He, however, disputed the 20 000 figure and said that the number of casualties is actually lesser than that. When told that he could just apologise for the atrocities as a starting point, Mnangagwa said there is nothing more than him signing the Peace and Reconciliation Bill into law. [12]

DRC Minerals

Mnangagwa was pointed out by the United Nations in 2001 as the architect behind Zanu-PF's illicit dealings in the Democratic Republic of Congo.These deals had to do with the Zimbabwe National Army and other unnamed businessmen from both countries. There was widespread speculation that he got access to the DRC's mineral wealth due to Zimbabwe's taking part in the war. .[13]

Unlawful Release

There were allegations that were made in the press to the effect that Mnangagwa had unlawfully facilitated the release of George Tanyanyiwa Chikanga in 2000. This was reported to have taken place while he was still the minister of Legal and Parliamentary affairs. [14] Chikanga was reported to have committed several crimes ranging from armed robbery to fraud, involving figures reaching up to USD 7 million.[15]

Share Dispute

Mnangagwa and his son Emmerson Jnr were involved in a $600 000 shares dispute between two Harare businessmen Brian Jembere and Paris Olympics. The local media reported that Jembere bought $600 000 worth of shares in Olympics’ H.E.R (Private) Limited company. Mnangagwa’s wife reportedly operates a salon at H.E.R premises, which is located at number 18311 Chiremba Road in Hillside in Harare. It was strongly believed that Olympics being closely linked to Mnangagwa used the Zimbabwe Republic Police to abuse the country’s criminal justice system to outdo Jembere. [16]

Farm Mechanisation Scheme

In July 2020, Emmerson Mngangwagwa was listed, in the BSR of 18 July 2020, as a beneficiary in the 2007 RBZ Farm Mechanisation Scheme, as a result of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme.

The data is analysed by recipients origin:.

  • Mashonaland provinces had the most beneficiaries, both in terms of numbers and value.

Mashonaland East got US$47,5 million,
Mashonaland West US$44,7 million
Mashonaland Central had US$34,2 million.

  • Two Matebeleland provinces had a combined total of US$13,9 million.
  • Masvingo had US$26,4 million,
  • Manicaland US$18 million and
  • Midlands had US$14 million.

Emmerson Mngangwagwa is listed under the thematic group “Politicians”. His farm is Pricabe Enterprises. The amount is US$411,728.00. The list suggests that this is still outstanding. [17]

Tsholotsho Declaration

In 2004, in what became known as the Tsholotsho Declaration, a group led by six Zanu PF provincial chairmen, some members of the Politburo, Central Committee, MPs, Veterans of the War of Liberation met at Dinyane Secondary School in Tsholotsho where an agreement was allegedly struck to install Emmerson Mnangagwa in the presidium following the death of Simon Muzenda.[18]

Under the scheme, Mnangagwa would assume the vice-presidency and eventually the leadership of Zanu-PF and the country. The meeting was allegedly held ahead of a key Zanu-PF congress in 2004. Although Mnangagwa had secured the support of six of the country’s 10 provinces, he was outdone by Mugabe’s move to amend the party’s constitution to ensure that one of the party’s vice-presidents was a woman. The decision saw Joice Mujuru being appointed vice-president.[19].

Following the failure of the succession plot, participants in the declaration were suspended from the party with the exception of Mnangagwa who was appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities, a position considered to be of low significance[20]

2007 Coup Plan

Ouster of Mujuru and Appointment as Vice President

Mnangagwa was eventually appointed as Vice President of Zimbabwe in 2014 after the Factionalism in Zanu-PF saw the ouster of Joice Mujuru from Zanu-PF, Mujuru was dismissed from the presidium by Former President Robert Mugabe due to her alleged abuse of office and incompetence. Mnangagwa's appointment followed 10 days later, on 10 December 2014 during the publicized ZANU PF 6th National People's Conference held from 2 December in Harare. [21]

Mnangagwa was appointed as both second secretary of the Zanu- PF party as well as state Vice President of the country. He was appointed together with Phelekezela Mphoko representing the ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union) wing as part of the Unity Accord agreement. Mnangagwa's appointment came after years of speculation on who would land the job after the death of John Nkomo. Most analysts predicted Mnangagwa would land the post due to his unquestioned loyalty to Robert Mugabe. There was also speculation that the decline of the Mujuru led faction and the relegation of Joice Mujuru left Mnangagwa with considerable support both in the politburo as well as in the Central Committee. It is generally believed that Mnangagwa enjoyed popular support from Zanu-PF forefront leaders such as the former Secretary of the Women's League Grace Mugabe, Jonathan Moyo, Oppah Muchinguri, Obert Mpofu and Christopher Mutsvangwa.

Team Lacoste vs G40

These two factions, part of Zanu-PF, created a lot of friction and finger pointing as to who did what, very evidently. Some members of the party openly talked about the two factions on rallies. The main points being how one faction might outdo the other and which faction was better. Mnangagwa was tied to the Lacoste Faction (a play on Mnangagwa's nickname which means crocodile and the crocodile logo on the Lacoste clothing label) while the G40 was reported to have been led by Grace Mugabe.[22]

Dimissal and Expulsion from the party

Emerson Mnangagwa was dismissed from Government on various charges including discharging his duties in a manner inconsistent with his official duties, disloyalty, disrespect, deceitfulness and unreliability and a lack of probity in the execution of his duties by Robert Mugabe. [23] Following recommendations from Zanu-PF Youth League, Zanu-PF Women's League, and ten provinces that Mnangagwa should be expelled from the party, he was expelled following the 313th ordinary session of the Politburo on the 8th of November 2017. [23] This dismissal was generally thought as motivated by the increasingly tense factional fights.

Reinstatement into the Party

The Zanu-PF Central Committee, which is the highest decision-making body outside of Congress, dismissed Robert Mugabe as the party leader and first secretary of Zanu-PF on 19 November 2017. Emmerson Mnangagwa was appointed party leader and state-president-in-waiting. [24]

Assuming The Presidency

On 24 November 2017 Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn in as President of Zimbabwe after Zanu-PF had voted him as president in waiting and reinstatement into the party. The swearing in took place at the National Sports Stadium in Harare and was conducted by Luke Malaba.

Alleged Assasination Attempts

Attempted Poisoning 2014

The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation Television reported that there was an attempt to poison the former Vice President just before he was appointed Vice President. Unknown assailants were believed to have sprinkled the deadly cyanide poison in Mnangagwa’s office at the new government complex in Harare. [21] It was also reported that Mnangagwa was lucky to survive after his secretary, the first one to enter into office was seriously affected by the poison. She was rushed to a local hospital where she was treated. [21] Former President Robert Mugabe broke the news on 10 December 2014 while announcing the new look on Zanu-PF Politburo, which saw Mnangagwa replace Joyce Mujuru as Robert Mugabe’s deputy. [21]

Ice Cream Poisoning 2017

Mnangagwa was ferried from a Youth Interface Rally in Gwanda in August 2017, after he fell ill and started vomiting. It was alleged that he had eaten ice cream from Gushungo Dairy. He was later airlifted to South Africa, where he was reported to have recovered. However, days later the then Minister of Information and Publicity Christopher Mushohwe, dismissed the poisoning allegations refuting that Mnangagwa had not eaten any ice cream at all. He was reported to have said that the former Vice President had instead eaten stale food which had upset his stomach. Mnangagwa further confirmed that he was not poisoned.

“I would like to put it on record straight regarding my alleged consumption of ice cream from Gushungo Dairy at the High Table on the occasion of the Youth Interface Rally at Pelandaba Stadium in Gwanda, in Matabeleland South Province on Saturday 12th August 2017. No such thing ever occurred. The insinuation that I partook ice cream from the said dairy is false and mischievous, and being peddled by unscrupulous elements with a sinister agenda of creating a rift between me and the first family and lower market confidence in the products from the dairy and cause unnecessary alarm and despondency among peace-loving Zimbabweans."

However, at the end of September 2017, Mnangagwa confirmed rumours that he had been poisoned which he and state officials had dismissed. Speaking at the memorial service of the late Shuvai Mahofa in Masvingo, Mnangagwa said:

“I have come to tell you that what happened to Mai Mahofa in Victoria Falls is what also happened to me. “I am making tremendous recovery. Those who wished me dead will be ashamed because when God’s time for one to die is not up, he will not die. I still have many years to live and the truth will come out,” [25]

November 2017 Assassination Attempt

Upon his return after the reinstatement, Mnangagwa reportedly indicated in his opening speech that he had fled the country and went into exile. The main reason reported was that he was informed that his life was in danger and there were plans to eliminate him within two hours of him getting the letter of dismissal. Emmerson Mnangagwa’s First Speech After Returning To The Country

June 2018 Explosion At Bulawayo Rally

On 23 June 2018, after Mnangagwa addressed as rally at White City Stadium in Bulawayo, an explosion (possibly a grenade) went off as he left the stage. Several people near him were injured including, Vice President Kembo Mohadi, Marry Chiwenga (wife to Vice President Constantino Chiwenga) and others. Mnangagwa himself escaped unscathed.

Commenting on the attack later that day, Mnangagwa said that the cowardly act would not get in the way of holding a peaceful election on 30 July 2018. [26]

After Emmerson Mnangagwa survived this assassination attempt, he said that Zimbabweans should address their differences amicably and not resort to violence to resolve any conflict.

In a statement following a blast at White City Stadium in the country’s second largest city, Bulawayo, Mnangagwa urged Zimbabweans to always embrace each other with love and not engage in violence. [27]

Mnangagwa’s Administration placed Under USA Sanctions

United States renewed sanctions against Mnangagwa’s administration and former ZANU-PF leader Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace. New Ministers appointed after the Mugabe ouster and who were not on the list of targeted sanctions were also added on the list.

Promises Made by Emmerson Mnangagwa

  • Emmerson Mnangagwa pledged for the first democratic vote since Robert Mugabe was deposed.
  • Emmerson Mnangagwa promised to pay compensation for land grabs during the Fast track land reform.
  • Mnangagwa promised jobs
  • Mnangagwa promised financial stability
  • Mnangagwa promised smooth transition of power if he lost the 2018 election.


TIME Magazine’s 100 Most Influential people

In 2018 Mnangagwa was listed on TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential people in the world. He was listed together with US-based South African comedian Trevor Noah. Mnangagwa was listed in the leaders category. [28]

Promise to step down in the event of loosing the 2018 presidential election

Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Lieutenant-General (retired) Sibusiso Moyo said that President Emmerson Mnangagwa was prepared to step down if he lost the 2018 presidential elections to MDC-T leader Nelson Chamisa or any other opposition candidate. Minister Moyo made the revelation at Chatham House in the United Kingdom, where he spoke on the government’s plans for re-engagement and renewal of Zimbabwe’s international economic relations. [29]

launching campaign pledge card

Mnangagwa launched a campaign pledge card and called on Zimbabweans to hold him accountable for his promises. Releasing the pledge card, Mnangagwa, who was the Zanu PF presidential candidate in the 30 July harmonised elections said in the new Zimbabwe leaders must be public servants, be open, transparent and accountable to the people.

He said each pledge card has his signature and should be considered a coupon of progress and development and a certificate of trust between the people and himself.[30]

Zimbabwe is open for Bussiness

Mnangagwa said the country was "open for business" after almost four decades of oppressive rule by former leader Robert Mugabe. Mnangagwa said his priority was embracing the international economy and modernizing infrastructure, in an interview with CNN's Richard Quest at the World Economic Forum in Davos. Mnangagwa pledged "zero tolerance on corruption" and said he was "doing everything possible to deal with our debts.[31]

#AfCFTA: PRESIDENT MNANGAGWA SAYS ZIMBABWE IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS



Zimbabwe President: We can learn from past mistakes



Warning Oppostion parties

Addressing a rally outside Mucheke Stadium, Mnangagwa warned the opposition that Zanu PF revenge will be sour if they continued to assult and intimidate Zanu-PF suppoters.

Let’s show humility in Zanu PF and respect. Our respect and calmness should, however, not be regarded as weakness, if you anger us, you will see us, when things come to a head, you will see that we are not cheap people. When things are bad, we will be equal to the challenge. Do not start it with us,” he said.

.[32]

2018 campaign videos

ED Mnangagwa's Mutare Rally



Casting the ballot Kwekwe 2018 elections

President Emmerson Mnangagwa casts his vote



Congradulations messages

Cyril Rhamaposa

Cyril Ramaphosa, who was also the chairperson of SADC, called and congratulated Mnangagwa on his election as president of Zimbabwe, following elections which were held on the 30th of July 2018[33].

Trivia

Comment on Nicknname

Mnangagwa was reported to have said this about his nickname::

“You know the trait of a crocodile, don’t you? It never hunts outside water. It always goes into the water to catch its prey. It never goes in the villages or in the bush looking for food. It strikes at the appropriate time. So a good guerrilla leader strikes at the appropriate time. That’s the import of the nicknames we give each other”[34]

References

  1. BLESSED MHLANGA, Mnangagwa’s son charged, Newsday, Published: 18 Feb 2016, Retrieved: 18 Feb 2016
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