Difference between revisions of "Emmerson Mnangagwa"

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=='''Involvement in Zanu PF Political Violence'''==
 
=='''Involvement in Zanu PF Political Violence'''==
 
===Gukurahundi===
 
===Gukurahundi===
Mnangagwa is believed to have been largely involved in the infamous [[Gukurahundi]] Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He was reported to have worked for hand in hand with the army to suppress [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) then led by [[Joshua Nkomo]].After  appointment as National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the [[Central Intelligence Organisation]] (CIO)  and it is believed that the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in [[Matabeleland]] and [[Manicaland Province]] which functioned hand in glove with the army to suppress Zapu.<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/gukgenocide3.11902.html Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands]</ref> His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/9192076/Robert-Mugabe-strikes-secret-deal-to-hand-Zimbabwe-power-to-Emmerson-Mnangagwa.html Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>
+
Mnangagwa is believed to have been largely involved in the infamous [[Gukurahundi]] Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He was reported to have worked hand in hand with the army to suppress [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) then led by [[Joshua Nkomo]].After  appointment as National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the [[Central Intelligence Organisation]] (CIO)  and it is believed that the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in [[Matabeleland]] and [[Manicaland Province]].<ref>[http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/gukgenocide3.11902.html Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands]</ref> His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era.<ref>[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/9192076/Robert-Mugabe-strikes-secret-deal-to-hand-Zimbabwe-power-to-Emmerson-Mnangagwa.html Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa]</ref>
  
 
===2008 Election Violence===
 
===2008 Election Violence===

Revision as of 08:21, 22 November 2017

Emmerson Mnangagwa
Picture of Emmerson Mnangagwa
Emmerson Mnangagwa
BornEmmerson Mnangagwa
(1946-09-15) September 15, 1946 (age 73)
Midlands, Zimbabwe
ResidenceHarare, Zimbabwe.
Spouse(s)Auxilia Mnangagwa
ChildrenEmmerson Mnangagwa Junior, Collin, Sean, Chido Emma, Farai Celine, Justine Mhurai, Samora Samuel [1]

Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is a politician and a member of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF). He is the former Vice President of Zimbabwe , after being dismissed as the country's Vice President in November 2017. He had been removed from his post as Minister of Justice and replaced by Happyton Bonyongwe a month earlier. A few days after his dismissal as vice president, Mnangagwa, was expelled from Zanu-PF Party only to be reinstated by the Central Committee on the 19th of November 2017 as party leader and state-president-in-waiting.Central Committee Meeting Outcome:2017 [2]


Emmerson Mnangagwa Latest News


Background

Mnangagwa was born on the 15th of September 1946 to mother Mhurai and father Mafidhi Mnangagwa.[3] He was born in a family of 6 in colonial Rhodesia , present-day Zvishavane in the Midlands province of Zimbabwe. He is married to Auxilia Mnangagwa who is currently M.P for Chirumhanzu Zibagwe Parliamentary Seat Midlands Province. Auxillia is Mnangagwa's' third wife and together they have three children namely Emmerson Junior, Collin and Sean. He also has other children, Emmerson Mnangagwa Junior and Samora Samuel.[4]

Education

It is believed that the former vice president attended Lundi Primary School for his early education, in the Mnangagwa Village up to Standard 4[5] He holds a Bachelor of Law from the University of Zambia (1974). He also studied at the Kafue Trade School and at Hodgson Technical College.[6] in Zvishavane.[7] He also studied Law at the university of London soon after independence.[4] He also attended the Beijing school of ideology run by the Chinese communist party.

Political career

He joined politics at a very tender age after being recruited into the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) by Willie Musarurwa in 1962. He then went to China and later Egypt where he received his military training in 1963.[8] During his early days as a political activist he was nick-named "Ngwena" due to his crocodile style in sabotage activities against the colonial government.[4] It was reported that he was part of the Crocodile Gang , an elite group of guerrilla fighters during Zimbabwe's war of independence from white race minority rule which carried out massive sabotage activities against the colonial government.

When he came back from China, he was reported to have directed the liberation struggle against the Ian Smith regime. He is believed to have been a victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and tortured in 1965 after allegedly helping blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) He was reportdly given a death sentence but eventually spent the following ten years in prison. The torture was reported to have been so severe that he lost the sense of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.[9]

Positions Held and success

At independence, Mnangagwa was appointed Minister of State for Security, a position he held until 1988. He was then appointed Minister of Justice in 1988.Mnangagwa served as acting Minister of Finance between 1995 and 1996 before he was made Speaker of Parliament from 2000 to 2005., after which he was appointed Minister of Rural Housing from 2005 to 2009.[10] During the Government of National Unity from 2009 to 2013, he served as Minister of Defence.[11].In December 2014 he was appointed as the vice president of Zimbabwe and was later dismissed on 6 November 2017.[12]

Involvement in Zanu PF Political Violence

Gukurahundi

Mnangagwa is believed to have been largely involved in the infamous Gukurahundi Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He was reported to have worked hand in hand with the army to suppress Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) then led by Joshua Nkomo.After appointment as National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and it is believed that the organisation took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in Matabeleland and Manicaland Province.[13] His nickname the 'Crocodile' was very prominent in this era.[14]

2008 Election Violence

The violence, torture and murder that characterized the March 27 June 2008 Parliamentary and Presidential elections were reportedly attributed to Emmerson Mnangagwa.[15] According to the Independent Human Rights Groups, 85 people died and tens of thousands were displaced from their homes, most of them were opposition supporters during the runoff election.[16] Morgan Tsvangirai was reported to have said 200 000 people were displaced, over 86 MDC supporters killed, over 20 000 homes were destroyed and over 10 000 people were injured in the violence.[17]

Involvement in Corruption

D.R.C.Minerals

Mnangagwa was fingered out by the United Nations in 2001 as the architect behind ZANU PF's illicit dealings in the Democratic Republic of Congo.These deals had to do with the Zimbabwe National Army and other unnamed businessmen from both countries. There was widespread speculation that he got access to the DRC's mineral wealth due to Zimbabwe's taking part in the war. It was Mnangagwa who was the minister of defense at that time and he architected behind the alleged dealing.[18]

Press Allegations

There were allegations that were made in the press to the effect that Mnangagwa had unlawfully facilitated the release of George Tanyanyiwa Chikanga in 2000. This was reported to have taken place while the former vice president was still the minister of Legal and Parliamentary affairs.[19] Chikanga was reported to have committed several crimes ranging from armed robbery to fraud, involving figures reaching up to USD 7 million.[20]

Share Dispute

Mnangagwa and his son Emmerson Jnr were involved in a $600 000 shares dispute between two Harare businessmen Brian Jembere and Paris Olympios. The local media reported that Jembere bought $600 000 worth of shares in Olympios’ H.E.R (Private) Limited company. Mnangagwa’s wife reportedly operates a salon at H.E.R premises, which is located at number 18311 Chiremba Road in Hillside in Harare. It was strongly believed that Olympios being closely linked to Mnangagwa used the Zimbabwe Republic Police to abuse the country’s criminal justice system to outdo Jembere.[21]

Bid to succeed Mugabe

Tsholotsho Declaration

In 2004, in what became known as the Tsholotsho Declaration, a group led by six Zanu PF provincial chairmen, some members of the politburo, central committee, MPs, veterans of the war of liberation met at Dinyane Secondary School in Tsholotsho where an agreement was allegedly struck to install Emmerson Mnangagwa in the presidium following the death of Simon Muzenda.[22]

Under the scheme, Mnangagwa would assume the vice-presidency and eventually the leadership of Zanu PF and the country. The meeting was allegedly held ahead of a key Zanu PF congress in 2004. Although Mnangagwa had secured the support of six of the country’s 10 provinces, he was outdone by Mugabe’s move to amend the party’s constitution to ensure that one of the party’s vice-presidents was a woman. The decision saw Joice Mujuru being appointed vice-president.[23].

Following the failure of the succession plot, participants in the declaration were suspended from the party with the exception of Mnangagwa who was appointed Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities, a position considered to be of low significance[24]

Ouster of Mujuru and Appointment as Vice President

Mnangagwa was eventually appointed as Vice President of Zimbabwe after the Factionalism in Zanu-PF 2014 that saw the ouster of Joice Mujuru from Zanu-PF, Mujuru was dismissed from the presidium by Former President Robert Mugabe due to her alleged abuse of office and incompetence. Mnangagwa's appointment followed 10 years later, on 10 December 2014 during the publicized ZANU PF 6th National People's Conference held from 2 December in Harare.[25]

Mnangagwa was appointed as both second secretary of the ZANU PF party as well as state vice president of the country. He was appointed together with Phelekezela Mphoko representing the ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union) wing as part of the Unity Accord agreement. Mnangagwa's appointment came after years of speculation on who would land the seat after the death of John Nkomo. Most analysts predicted Mnangagwa would land the post due to his unquestioned loyalty to Robert Mugabe. There was also speculation that the decline of the Mujuru led faction and the relegation of Joice Mujuru left Mnangagwa with considerable support both in the politburo as well as in the Central Committee. It is generally believed that Mnangagwa enjoyed popular support from ZANU PF forefront leaders such as the former Secretary of the Women's League and first lady Grace Mugabe, Jonathan Moyo, Oppah Muchinguri, Obert Mpofu and Christopher Mutsvangwa.

Team Lacoste vs G40

From the dawn of these two factions believed to be part of Zanu-PF, a lot of friction and finger pointing on who did what was very evident.Some members of the party openly talked about the two factions on rallies.The main pointers being how one faction might outdo the other and which faction was better.Mnangagwa was tied to the Lacoste Faction while the G40 was reported to have been led by Grace Mugabe.[26]

Dimissal and Expulsion from the party

Emerson Mnangagwa was dismissed from government on various charges including discharging his duties in a manner inconsistent with his official duties, disloyalty, disrespect, deceitfulness and unreliability and a lack of probity in the execution of his duties.[27]Following the recommendations from the Zanu- PF Youth League, Zanu-Pf Women's League and ten provinces that the Mnangagwa should be expelled from the party,he was expelled following the 313th ordinary session of the Politburo on the 8th of November 2017.[27]

Reinstatement into the Party

The Zanu-PF Central Committee which is the highest decision-making body outside of Congress dismissed Robert Mugabe as the party leader and first secretary of Zanu-PF on 19 November 2017.Emmerson Mnangagwa was appointed party leader and state-president-in-waiting.[28]

Assasination Allegations

Attempted Poisoning 2014

The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation Television reported that there was an attempt to poison on the former vice president. Unknown assailants were believed to have sprinkled the deadly cyanide poison in Mnangagwa’s office at the new government complex in Harare.[25] It was also reported that Mnangagwa was lucky to survive after his secretary, the first one to enter into office was seriously affected by the poison.She was rushed to a local hospital where she was treated.[25]Former President Robert Mugabe broke the news on 10 December 2014 while announcing the new look on Zanu-PF Politburo, which saw Mnangagwa replace Joyce Mujuru as Robert Mugabe’s deputy.[25]

Alleged Food Poisoning 2017

Mnangagwa was ferried from a Youth Interface Rally in Gwanda in August 2017, after he fell ill and started vomiting.It was alleged that he had eaten ice cream from Gushungo Dairy. He was later airlifted to South Africa, where he was reported to have recovered. However, days later the then Minister of Information and Publicity Christopher Mushohwe, dismissed the poisoning allegations refuting that Mnangagwa had not eaten any ice cream at all. He was reported to have said that the former Vice President had instead eaten, stale food which had upset his stomach. Mnangagwa further cemented that he was not poisoned.

“I would like to put it on record straight regarding my alleged consumption of ice cream from Gushungo Dairy at the High Table on the occasion of the Youth Interface Rally at Pelandaba Stadium in Gwanda, in Matabeleland South Province on Saturday 12th August 2017. No such thing ever occurred. The insinuation that I partook ice cream from the said dairy is false and mischievous, and being peddled by unscrupulous elements with a sinister agenda of creating a rift between me and the first family and lower market confidence in the products from the dairy and cause unnecessary alarm and despondency among peace-loving Zimbabweans."

However, at the end of September 2017, Mnangagwa confirmed rumours that he had been poisoned which he and state officials had dismissed. Speaking at the memorial service of the late Shuvai Mahofa in Masvingo, Mnangagwa said:

“I have come to tell you that what happened to Mai Mahofa in Victoria Falls is what also happened to me. “I am making tremendous recovery. Those who wished me dead will be ashamed because when God’s time for one to die is not up, he will not die. I still have many years to live and the truth will come out,” [29]

Trivia

Comment on Nicknname

Mnangagwa was reported to have said this about his nickname::

“You know the trait of a crocodile, don’t you? It never hunts outside water. It always goes into the water to catch its prey. It never goes in the villages or in the bush looking for food. It strikes at the appropriate time. So a good guerrilla leader strikes at the appropriate time. That’s the import of the nicknames we give each other”[30]

References

  1. BLESSED MHLANGA, Mnangagwa’s son charged, Newsday, Published: 18 Feb 2016, Retrieved: 18 Feb 2016
  2. [1],    , Published: 22 March 2016, Retrieved: 27 July 2016
  3. President Consoles Mnangagwa Family, The Zimbabwe Situation, Published: December 11, 2010, Retrieved:January 22, 2015
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 C. Manyuke, Profile Emmerson-Mnangagwa, "Chronicle", published:11 Dec 14,retrieved:11 Dec 14"
  5. Lance Guma Picture: Emmerson Mnangagwa’s mansion, Nehanda Radio, Published: July 10, 2013, Retrieved: January 22, 2015
  6. BEFORE FAME
  7. L. Guma, Picture: Emmerson Mnangagwa’s mansion, "Nehanda Radio", published:10 Jul 13,retrieved:11 Dec 14"
  8. Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa
  9. Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa
  10. Professional details
  11. Zim Cabinet announced-See Full Cabinet List
  12. [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmerson_Mnangagwa Emmerson Mnangagwa ], Wikipedia, Published: , Retrieved:11 November 2017
  13. Mnangagwa has Matabele blood on his hands
  14. Robert Mugabe strikes secret deal to hand Zimbabwe power to Emmerson Mnangagwa
  15. Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa
  16. Tsvangirai withdraws from run-off
  17. Text: Morgan Tsvangirai's statement on presidential run-off
  18. J. Winter, Profile: Emmerson Mnangagwa, "BBC News", published:30 Mar 07,retrieved:11 Dec 14"
  19. Zimbabwe: State Completes Probe Into Mnangagwa, Chikanga Case, allAfrica, Published: September 20, 2002, Retrieved: January 7, 2015
  20. Pedzisai Ruhanya Mnangagwa visited jailed armed robber, Daily News, Published: October 25, 2001, Retrieved: January 7, 2014
  21. T. Kamhungira, Mnangagwa sucked into $600 000 share dispute,Nehanda Radio, published:13 Jan 2015,retrieved:14 Jan 2015"
  22. Zanu PF exorcises Tsholotsho ghost, NewsDay, published: September 9, 2013, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016
  23. Gumbo comes to Mujuru’s defence, attacks Herald, New Zimbabwe, published: October 31, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1,2016
  24. Alex Magaisa, The Year Of The Crocodile, Alex Magaisa, published: December 10, 2014, retrieved: Aug 1, 2016
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 , VP Mnangagwa escapes poisoning, "ZBC", published:10 Dec 2014,retrieved:11 Dec 2014"
  26. Lacoste vs G40: ED ‘poisoning’ triggers vicious fight , The Standard, Published: 10 September 2017, Retrieved: 11 November 2017
  27. 27.0 27.1 Zanu-PF expels Mnangagwa, The Herald, Published: 09 November 2017, Retrieved: 09 November 2017
  28. of People Expelled From Zanu-PF Following Central Committee Meeting , Published: 19 November 2017 , Retrieved: 22 November 2017
  29. Everson Mushava/Blessed Mhlanga (October 2, 2017). "It's gloves off: Mnangagwa". NewsDay. AMH. Retrieved October 2, 2017.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
  30. Alex Magaisa, Interview with “The Crocodile”: Insights from Mnangagwa’s recent interview , AlexMagaisa.com , Published:4 September 2015 , Retrieved: 19 February 2016