Emmerson Mnangagwa

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Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is a politician and member of the Zimbabwe Africa National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) currently serving as Minister of Justice. He had been a cabinet Minister since Zimbabwe attained independence in 1980.

Background

Mnangagwa was born on the 15th of September 1964 in Zvishavane.

Education

He holds a Bachelor of Law form the University of Zambia (1974). He also studied at the Kafue Trade School and then at Hodgson Technical College.[1]

Political Career

He joined politics while he was only 12 years old after being recruited into the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU) by Willie Musarurwa in 1962. He then went to China and later Egypt were he received his military training in 1963.[2]

Detention

When he came back from China, he directed the liberation struggle against the Ian Smith regime. He fell victim of the regime's brutality when he was arrested and torutured in 1965 after he helped blow up a train near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo He spent the following ten years in prison. The s torture was so severe that he lost of hearing in one ear and also made him unconscious for days.[3]

As Central Intelligence Head

Mnangagwa was allegedly involved in the infamous Gukurahundi Massacres that took place in the 1980s. He allegedly worked hand in hand with the army to suppress Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) then led by Joshua Nkomo.Having been appointed National Security Minister in 1980, Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) that took part in the massacres resulting in the deaths of an estimated 20 000 lives in Matebeleland and Manicaland provinces. which worked hand in glove with the army to suppress Zapu.[4]He was nicknamed the 'Crocodile' for his involvement.[5]

Violence Claims

The violence, torture, murder that characterized the Mach 2008 Parliamentary and the 27 June Presidential election was attributed to him.[6] According to Independent human rights groups, 85 people have died and tens of thousands have been displaced from their homes, most of them opposition supporters during the run off election.[7] Tvangirai himself said 200 000 people were displaced and over 86 MDC supporters killed. He also said over 20 000 homes destroyed and over 10 000 people were injured in the violence.[8]

Bid to succed Mugabe

In 2004,

Career: ; Special Assitant for Security, Office of the President, Zimbabwe, 1977; Minister of State for Security 1980-1988; Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs, 1989-2000; acting Minister of Finance, 1995-96; Speaker of Parliament, 2000-2005; Minister of Rural Housing and Amenities, 2005-2008; Minister of Defence 2009 to 2013.

following his military training in China and Egypt, directed the 1970s fight for independence victim of state violence after being arrested by the white-minority government in the former Rhodesia in 1965, after .  10 years in prisonAs National Security Minister Mr Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), which worked hand in glove with the army to suppress ZapuHe helped direct Zimbabwe's 1970s war of independence and later became the country's spy-master during the 1980s civil conflict

Positions Held

He was previously Minister of State Security from 1980 to 1988, Minister of Justice from 1988 to 2000, Speaker of Parliament from 2000[1] to 2005, Minister of Rural Housing from 2005[2] to 2009, and Minister of Defense from 2009 to 2013