Difference between revisions of "Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp"

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'''Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp''' was a place used by the Rhodesian security forces during the [[Second Chimurenga]]. It was used as a restriction camp for liberation war activists from nationalist movements such as the [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]] (ZAPU) and the [[Zimbabwe African National Union]] (ZANU).
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'''Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp''' was a Rhodesian detention center for political prisoners during the early [[Second Chimurenga]]. In the extreme SE Zimbabwe, near the Limpopo River, it was used in the 60's, to hold mainly ZAPU prisoners, including [[Joshua Nkomo]]. It was closed in 1974, due to the independence of Mozambique.
  
 
== Location ==
 
== Location ==
Gonakudzingwa is located in present day [[Masvingo Province]] of Zimbabwe. After independence, the restriction camp was deserted. It was located 150 km off the Masvingo- [[Beitbrid Highway in the [[Gonarezhou National Park]] which was home to a variety of wild animals such as lions, elephants, cheaters and hyenas.
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Gonakudzingwa is located in present day [[Masvingo Province]] of Zimbabwe. After Mozambique independence, the restriction camp was deserted for security reasons. It was located 150 km off the Masvingo- [[Beitbrid Highway in the [[Gonarezhou National Park]].
  
 
== The Restriction Camp ==
 
== The Restriction Camp ==
After realising that they could not contain the resistance of black Zimbabweans from the colonial bondage, the Rhodesians adopted a strategy of isolating political leaders from the communities by dumping them in areas like Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp and [[Sikombela]] in Gokwe.
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In order to isolate political leaders from the communities, the Rhodesians moved them to difficult to access areas like Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp and [[Sikombela]] in Gokwe.
Situated in the [[Gonarezhou Game Park]], it was at this camp that many political prisoners that included the late Father Zimbabwe, [[Joshua Nkomo]], [[Josiah Chinamano]] and his wife Ruth, [[Jane Ngwenya]], [[Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo]] among others, were incarcerated and isolated right in the middle of the jungle.<ref name="patriot">E. Mwale and C. Mushore, [http://www.thepatriot.co.zw/old_posts/gonakudzingwa-a-sinking-heritage/ Gonakudzingwa: A sinking heritage],''The Patriot'', published:7 Nov 2013,retrieved:31 Mar 2015"</ref>
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At this camp many political prisoners which included [[Joshua Nkomo]], [[Josiah Chinamano]] and his wife Ruth, [[Jane Ngwenya]], [[Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo]] and others were incarcerated and isolated. <ref name="patriot">E. Mwale and C. Mushore, [http://www.thepatriot.co.zw/old_posts/gonakudzingwa-a-sinking-heritage/ Gonakudzingwa: A sinking heritage],''The Patriot'', published:7 Nov 2013,retrieved:31 Mar 2015"</ref>
  
One of the so-called ‘terrorists’ who stayed at the camp, Cde Philemon Bvunzawabaya from Mutoko said the Rhodesians used sophisticated methods of capturing and abandoning them.
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One of the ‘terrorists’ (as the Rhodesians termed them) who stayed at the camp, Philemon Bvunzawabaya from Mutoko said the Rhodesians used sophisticated methods of capturing and abandoning them.
 
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== Legacy ==
 
== Legacy ==
Gonakudzingwa is appreciated as one of the country's most respected landmarks. This is because it housed the country's nationalists who were keen to get the country freed from colonial rule. Above all, the place is intimately related to the late vice president and former nationalist leader Joshua Nkomo who was later accorded the title Father Zimbabwe due to his spectacular role in the country's war of independence. In pos colonial Zimbabwe, there have been calls to declare the place a world heritage site like such places in the region such as Robben Island in South Africa.
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Gonakudzingwa is appreciated as one of the country's most respected landmarks, because it housed the many core  early nationalists (where they came to know each other) In Zimbabwe, there have been calls to declare the place a world heritage site, such as Robben Island in South Africa.
  
 
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==Further Reading==
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<ref name= "Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia"> [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed),  Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  
  

Revision as of 16:40, 9 August 2019

Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp
Heritage Site
Gonakudzingwa.PNG
Founded byRhodesian Government

Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp was a Rhodesian detention center for political prisoners during the early Second Chimurenga. In the extreme SE Zimbabwe, near the Limpopo River, it was used in the 60's, to hold mainly ZAPU prisoners, including Joshua Nkomo. It was closed in 1974, due to the independence of Mozambique.

Location

Gonakudzingwa is located in present day Masvingo Province of Zimbabwe. After Mozambique independence, the restriction camp was deserted for security reasons. It was located 150 km off the Masvingo- [[Beitbrid Highway in the Gonarezhou National Park.

The Restriction Camp

In order to isolate political leaders from the communities, the Rhodesians moved them to difficult to access areas like Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp and Sikombela in Gokwe. At this camp many political prisoners which included Joshua Nkomo, Josiah Chinamano and his wife Ruth, Jane Ngwenya, Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo and others were incarcerated and isolated. [1]

One of the ‘terrorists’ (as the Rhodesians termed them) who stayed at the camp, Philemon Bvunzawabaya from Mutoko said the Rhodesians used sophisticated methods of capturing and abandoning them.

“I am happy to be back in this area to tell the story which shapes our history before we depart the earth,” said an emotional Bvunzawabaya.“The last time I came here I was blindfolded, as a prisoner in my land of birth and I didn’t know where I was going.“Now I am a free person, I can go anywhere I want, but I can only get satisfaction when I tell the story of Gonakudzingwa. “It is pathetic that we were being isolated from our people because we were preaching the gospel of revolution.“The Rhodesians used to give us poisoned food which would weaken us in the event of attempting to flee.“Even if we contemplated the idea of fleeing, where could we run to when we didn’t know where we were and when we were also surrounded by dangerous animals such as elephants and lions which used to linger around the fence.[2]

Legacy

Gonakudzingwa is appreciated as one of the country's most respected landmarks, because it housed the many core early nationalists (where they came to know each other) In Zimbabwe, there have been calls to declare the place a world heritage site, such as Robben Island in South Africa.

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Further Reading

<ref name= "Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia"> [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed), Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"


References

  1. E. Mwale and C. Mushore, Gonakudzingwa: A sinking heritage,The Patriot, published:7 Nov 2013,retrieved:31 Mar 2015"
  2. "Gonakudzingwa:A sinking heritage". The Patriot. November 7, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2017.