Herbert Muchemwa Murerwa (born 31 July 1941) is a Zimbabwean politician. The Zimbabwean economy saw difficult times during Murerwa's recurrent tenure as Finance Minister.
Herbert Murerwa was born in Goromonzi 1941, he is married to Chipo Rudo
Herbert Murerwa attained the following educational qualifications. Bachelor of Arts (Sociology) degree from George William College in Wisconsin, USA: 1970 Master's in Education, Harvard University, USA; 1972 Doctor of Education, Harvard University, USA; 1978. 
Murerwa started his working career as a schoolteacher after his secondary education. In 1964, he joined Zanu Pf's Highfields branch and was later expelled from the profession due to his political activism. He left the country to pursue further studies in the United States. In 1990 he was recalled from London to stand as the Zanu-PF candidate for Goromonzi Constituency. He won the election and was appointed Minister of Environment and Tourism. In 1993, he was elected Zanu-PF secretary for administration in the Mashonaland East provincial council. At the 1994 Zanu-PF Congress, he was elected to the Zanu-PF Central Committee.He was nominated as Zanu PF candidate for the senate seat from Goromonzi in Mashonaland East in March 2008 parliamentary election..
Murerwa was Economic Affairs Officer for the United Nations (UN) in Ethiopia, 1978. He was Permanent Secretary, minister of Manpower, Planning and Development from 1980-82. Then for ministry of Labour and Social Welfare from 1982-84. He became Zimbabwe's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom in 1984-90. He was minister of Environment and Tourism 1990-95. He was minister of Industry and Commerce in 1995-96. Then minister of Finance, 1996-00. Minister of Higher Education, 2000-02 then minister of Finance, 2002-04 and 2004-07. Minister of Lands and Land Resettlement, 2009-2013..
Murerwa is credited with having engineered the historic repayment of USD $120 million (out of $300 million) in debt to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), prior to their enforcement of a threat to expel Zimbabwe from the IMF for non-payment of arrears (August 31, 2005)..