High Court of Zimbabwe

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High Court

The High Court of Zimbabwe is one of the Senior Courts of Zimbabwe. The High Court deals at first instance with all high value and high importance cases. It also has a supervisory jurisdiction over all subordinate courts and tribunals. Appeals from the High Court in go to the Supreme Court. The head of the High court is the Judge President and the current Judge President of the High Court of Zimbabwe is Justice George Chiweshe

The operations of the High Court are governed by the Constitution and the High Court Act [Chapter 7:06].

Jurisdiction

The High Court is a court of first instance, possessed of inherent and unlimited criminal and civil jurisdiction, over all persons and over all matters in Zimbabwe.

Criminal Jurisdiction

The High Court has jurisdiction over all persons and over all criminal offences recognised by law. Its unlimited criminal jurisdiction empowers it to pass any punishment permitted by law, including the death penalty.

Civil Jurisdiction

It is the only court, which enjoys inherent jurisdiction meaning that unless prohibited by some law from exercising jurisdiction, it is deemed to have jurisdiction. It may deal with any nature of claim and there are no monetary limits to claims that may be instituted. All civil appeals emanating from the Magistrates Court lie with the High Court. It also has review powers over proceedings of all tribunals subordinate to it.

Composition

It consists of the Chief Justice, the Judge President and such other Judges of the High Court as may be appointed from time to time.

Criminal Cases

In criminal trials, the High Court consists of one Judge and two assessors. Assessors assist in deciding issues of fact only and have an equal say as the judge in that regard.

However, when the High Court is hearing appeals, at least 2 Judges are required and no assessors are required. Where an even number of judges sit on appeal and the opinion is equally divided, the decision is suspended until the opinion of a third Judge is obtained. The decision of the majority becomes the decision of the court.

Civil Cases

In civil cases, the judge sits alone. A Judge, however, may appoint an assessor or assessors to assist him/her in a civil case. The role of the assessor(s) in this case is only to advise. They are not entitled to vote in the decision of the court.

Seats/Locations

The High Court has permanent seats at Harare and at Bulawayo. It however, also sits three times in a year as a circuit court at Gweru, Masvingo, Mutare and Hwange.

Appointment Process

Buildings

HARARE Mapondera Building Corner 3rd Street and Samora Machel Avenue Harare Zimbabwe Box: 870 Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe Tel: +263 4 250 805/ +263 4 250 765

BULAWAYO Cnr 8th Avenue and Herbert Chitepo Street Bulawayo Zimbabwe Tel: +263 9 888 096 / +263 9 61605

Judges of the High Court of Zimbabwe

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2001 Appointed Judge President in 2010


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 1997 Appointed President of the Administrative Court in 1997


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2003

Appointed President of the Administrative Court in 2000. Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2004 Appointed Senior Judge High Court Bulawayo in 2015.

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2004

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2005

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2005


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2007 Appointed Senior President of the Labour Court in 2003

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2010

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2011


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2011

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2011

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2012

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2013


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2013

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2013

Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2013


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2013


Appointed Judge of the High Court in 2015


Appointed Judge of the High