Highfield It is one of the second oldest suburb in Harare established in 1930. It is popularly known as Fiyo in the local pidgin language (slag). It is located to the southwest of Harare and is bordered by Waterfalls, Willowvale, Glen Norah and Southerton. It has been labelled as the cradle for African nationalism in Zimbabwe as it was used as a launch pad for the creation of parties which spearheaded the Second Chimurenga. It has about 11 government owned primary school which include Kudzanayi, Rusvingo, Mutasa, Nyandoro, Mhofu etc and has about 6 secondary schools which include Highfield 1 High which was considered to be an elite school for Africans prior to 1980, Mukai etc. It is divided into Highfield East and Highfield West which all have separate members of parliament to represent different communities. It consists of various areas such as Old Highfield and New Highfield, Lusaka, Jerusalem, Egypt etc.
Birth of nationalism
In 1955 there was the formation of the African National Youth League. Before the inception of the National Democratic Party (NDP) in 1960 under the leadership of Joshua Nkomo, there was the bus boycott of 1956 which was led by people like James Chikerema who later became prominent leaders who were fighting against the white minority controlled government. Africans refused to aboard buses to go to their work places opting to walk on foot. The buses which were prominent in the suburb were those owned by Messrs United Transport Bus Company. In 1960, the NDP was formed and it was banned in 1961. This saw the inception of a new political party called Zimbabwe African Peoples Party (ZAPU) in 1961 led by Joshua Nkomo. As a result of conflicts and disagreements, ZANU splited in 1963, leading to the formation of Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU)at Enos Nkala's home in Highfield. Many leaders of the nationalists movements who were against the Ian Smith's led government thus owned houses in the suburb which they used as venues to hold their meetings clandestinely. The likes of Josiah Chinamano, Robert Mugabe, Nkomo, Maurice Nyagumbo etc owned houses in the suburb.
Machipisa shopping centre
It was named after Paul Machipisa who was a prominent businessman. Various businessmen established their businesses at the shopping centre and most of them were associated with the nationalist movements. They supported the liberation struggle. People such as George Tawengwa,( who was the owner of Mushandirapamwe Hotel which was a transitional place for the nationalist leaders who were orchestrating the liberation struggle which ushered in independence in 1980), Enock Mwayera, James Chiweshe etc owned properties at the shopping centre. The shopping centre is endowed by many banks such as Barclays, Metropolitian, CABS, CBZ etc and it has established supermarkets like OK, TM. Recently the centre has been infested with numerous small tuckshops which are posing a threat to the established supermarkets. There is also the Zimbabwe Hall which has been a prominent place were activities such as the Miss Schools Highfield, talent competitions as well as singing competitions usually affiliated to the dancehall genre. The hall also used to have a library which was however relocated to a separate place adjacent to the hall. The library has been said to be one of the best libraries as it caters for childern, primary and secondary school pupils as well tertiary students. The new library complex was opened by the president Robert Mugabe in 1993 and it was funded by the Chinese. There is a swimming pool which also provides a perfect hide out as well as acting a place of relaxing. There are also numerous night clubs and hide outs including Saratoga, Jimmy Jimalo, Asina Hembe.
It is located within the vicinity of the shopping centre. It has been used to host numerous rallies. When Nkomo returned from Zambia in 1980, his welcome rally was hosted at the grounds on 13 January 1980. In the same year, Mugabe hosted his first election campaign rally in 1980. The grounds also hosted the historic 'One Million Man March' rally in 2007 which was addressed by Mugabe ans attended by many people from various spheres ranging from politicians, musicians and ZANU PF supporters. On 5 July 2013, Mugabe hosted his first star rally for the July 31 2013 elections where he explained his election manifesto. The grounds have also been used to host the national prayer day by the Zimbabwe Christian Council. The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has also used the place to host its own rallies.
Takashinga Cricket Club
It has been a place which has been contributing much to the production of Zimbabwean cricket players. People like Tatenda Taibu, Hamilton Masakadza, Stewart Matsikinyere etc were trained from this club and they were at one point a force to reckon with in the Zimbabwean cricket squad.
Other than being a suburb where many politicians hailed from, musicians also grew up and some of them launched their careers in the suburb. People like Oliver Mtukudzi, Thomas Mapfumo, Biggie Tembo, grew up in Highfield.