January 2019 Shutdown Zimbabwe Protests

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January 2019 Protests,
Part of ZCTU Stayaway
Zimbabwe Fuel Protests January 2019.jpg
Protestors In Zimbabwe 2019
Date14 - 16 January 2019
Location
Zimbabwe
Caused byFuel Price Hike
GoalsReducing Cost Of Living
MethodsStayaway, Protest March, Riot
Parties to the civil conflict
Citizens
Government of Zimbabwe (Police, Army)
Lead figures
Casualties
Unknown
5 dead, several hundreds injured
1 police officer dead

The January 2019 Protests was civil unrest and riots that occured in Zimbabwe and the violent response from government from 14 to 16 January 2019. There are different figures provided on the numbe rof people that died but a common figure is 5, most of the from gunshot wounds and beatings by the police and Zimbabwe military.


Timeline

1 - 11 January 2019

  • There's an acute shortage of vehicle fuel country wide with queues of cars waiting to fuel stretching for kilometeres. See more: Zimbabwe Fuel Shortage Crisis (2018 - 2019)
  • The governement insists that there's no real fuel shortage and that the shortage has been artificially created by saboteurs, criminals and small cars that are wasting fuel on luxury purposes.

Saturday, 12 January 2019

  • On the night of 12 January, Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa announces at a press conference that the price of fuel has been increased. Blended Petrol is increased from $1.32 per liter to $3.31 and Diesel from $1.20 to $3.11. Mnangagwa is accompanied by Vice President Constantino Chiwenga and Finance Minister, Mthuli Ncube. Mnangagwa says that government will ensure that businesses do not increase the price of other products in response, saying the government will provide rebates to compensate businesses for the fuel price increase.
  • Analysts and Zimbabweans on social media say the move is a mistake as it will result in other products also increasing in price.
  • The president flies out to Russia later starting a 5 country roadshow seeking investment.

Sunday, 13 January 2019

Monday, 14 January 2019

  • Reports trickle in the morning saying that some roads into town are barricaded with rocks and burning tires as protestors attempt to stop anyone from going to work or school.
  • Pictures from Epworth show streets with huge rocks preventing traffic flow
  • A Choppies supermarket in Mabvuku is looted Later other Choppies supermarkets around the country are also looted. Protestors have a perception that the supermarket is linked to the Zanu-PF government.
  • Zimbabwe Republic Police trucks are burnt in Harare and Bulawayo.
  • School teachers who had reported for duty in Chitungwiza are visited by police and army who beat them resulting in the closure of the schools as both teachers and students are sent home.
  • Makoni Police Station is burnt
  • A tollgate along Harare-Masvingo road after the Mbudzi roundabout is ransacked and burnt.
  • A ZUPCO bus is burnt in Harare
  • A Puma fuel station in Harare belonging to Zanu-PF senior member Webster Shamu is ransacked
  • A Zuva fuel station in Harare is also burnt.
  • A man with a gun is seen along the Bulawayo - Harare road near Kuwadzana apparently controlling traffic but some report it's not very clear what he was doing. Later a gunman is filmed shooting at targets in a residential area. It's said he was shooting at residents.
  • 4 people are said to have been shot in the Epworth high-density residential area. Pictures of a woman with a deep and wide gunshot wound on the thigh circulate. Other pictures of gunshot wound victims also circulate.
  • The army and police are deployed countrywide to contain the protests
  • Messages circulate in the evening that the army and police intend to do overnight door to door raids especially in high-density areas to harass and arrest men.
  • Pastor Evan Mawarire, thanks Zimbabweans who stayed at home, denounces violent protests and calls on Zimbabweans to stay home again the following day as per ZCTU planned stayaway.

Teusday, 15 January 2019

  • Reports say that the army and police visited houses in several high-density residential areas breaking in and randomly assaulting young men and arresting them. RThese raids are continuing into the day.
  • Reports circulate in the morning that the government intends to block access to social media apps and sites. Several people report not being able to access WhatsApp and Facebook
  • Subscribers of Zimbabwe's largest mobile internet provider Econet report that the provider has blocked access to the whole internet. Later NetOne and Telecel subscribers also report that they can't access the internet at all. It is feared that a total internet shutdown has been ordered by the government.
  • At around 12 midday, providers that still had some access, ZOl and Liquid Telecom also shut down the whole internet, plunging Zimbabwe into an internet blackout.
  • Meanwhile reports continue to says that the army is doing door to door raids in various high-density suburbs, destroying property and arresting young men.
  • Later that evening, Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Energy Mutodi, says that the internet has not been blocked at all and that it really is just congested. This is proven to be a lie a day later when Econet Wireless reveals that they were ordered by the government to shut the internet down.
  • Most businesses are closed and people stay at home, mostly in fear of the retribution by army and police.

Wednesday, 16 January 2019

  • Econet Wireless sends an SMS message to its subscribers saying notifying them that the internet is down because of a government order received from the Office of the President.
  • Zimbabwe spends the second day under the internet blackout.
  • Reports of army and police beating Zimbabweans in door to door raids continue
  • At 3PM President Emmerson Mnangagwa posts a message on social media from Russia saying that his roadshow is necessary for an economic turnaround, says that Zimbabweans are free to protest and that they should do so peacefully. He also says that economic progress is being made even though it's not always visible.
  • At about 5PM the internet is restored, however access to social media is still blocked.
  • the government orders the internet providers to block access to Virtual Private Network (VPN) services in order to prevent Zimbabweans bypassing the social media blockade.

Thursday, 17 January 2019

  • The social media blockade continues
  • the Zimbabwean government finally admits that it blocked access to the internet. Says it was necessary given a threat to national security.
  • A report in the government-controlled publication The Herald, says 3 people died, 30 vehicles were burnt and that 600 people were arrested.


Pictures

References