King Lobengula was the second king of the Ndebele people who are believed to have migrated from Transvaal during the Mfecane upheavals which were instigated by Tshaka around the 1830s. He was the first son of King Mzilikazi. He signed a hoard of treaties with the British concession seekers and has been blamed for necessitating the inception of colonial rule in 1890 through these treaties.


Lobengula's date of birth is shrouded in ambiguity. It is, however, believed that he was born sometime in 1834 as Lobengula Khumalo. His father was MzilikaZi Khumalo who was the first king of the Ndebele people. His mother was the daughter of King Malindela, who was a Swazi king.