Difference between revisions of "Lookout Masuku"

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| name              =  Lookout Masuku <!-- include middle initial, if not specified in birth_name -->
 
| name              =  Lookout Masuku <!-- include middle initial, if not specified in birth_name -->
 
| honorific_suffix  = Lieutenant General
 
| honorific_suffix  = Lieutenant General
| image              = MAGAMA.jpg <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" (or "Image:") prefix or enclosing [[brackets]] -->
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| image              =Lookout masuku.jpg
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| image_size        = 250px
 
| image_size        = 250px
 
| alt                = Lookout Masuku, ZIPRA
 
| alt                = Lookout Masuku, ZIPRA
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| death_date        =  {{death date and age|1986|04|5|1940|04|07}}
 
| death_date        =  {{death date and age|1986|04|5|1940|04|07}}
 
| death_place        = [[Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals| Parirenyatwa Hospital]], [[Harare]]
 
| death_place        = [[Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals| Parirenyatwa Hospital]], [[Harare]]
| death_cause        = [[Cryptococcal meningitis]]
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| death_cause        = Cryptococcal meningitis
 
| body_discovered    =  
 
| body_discovered    =  
| resting_place      = Reburied at [[National Heroes Acre]], [[Harare]]
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| resting_place      = Lady Stanley Cemetry, [[Bulawayo]]
 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
 
| monuments          =  
 
| monuments          =  
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| education          =  
 
| education          =  
 
| alma_mater        =  
 
| alma_mater        =  
| occupation        = Politician, Military Leader
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| occupation        = Military Leader
| years_active      = 1960s to 26 December 1979
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| years_active      =  
 
| era                = [[Second Chimurenga]], Rhodesian Era
 
| era                = [[Second Chimurenga]], Rhodesian Era
| employer          = [[Zimbabwe African People's Union]],
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| employer          =  
 
| organization      = [[Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army]]
 
| organization      = [[Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army]]
 
| agent              =  
 
| agent              =  
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| notable_works      = Leading the ZIPRA Forces
 
| notable_works      = Leading the ZIPRA Forces
 
| style              =  
 
| style              =  
| home_town          = [[ ]]
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| home_town          =  
 
| salary            =  
 
| salary            =  
 
| net_worth          =  <!-- Net worth should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
 
| net_worth          =  <!-- Net worth should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
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}}
 
}}
  
'''Lookout Khalisabantu Vumindaba Masuku''' was a former guerrilla leader and Deputy Commander of the [[Zimbabwe National Army]].  
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'''Lookout Khalisabantu Vumindaba Masuku''' was a former guerrilla leader and Deputy Commander of the [[Zimbabwe National Army]]. To his companions he was also called '''Mafela''' <ref name="death">[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE5DD143DF934A35757C0A960948260 Lookout Masuku dies at 46; commanded Nkomo forces] The New York Times</ref>
  
 
== Background ==
 
== Background ==
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==Military Career==
 
==Military Career==
During the [[Second Chimurenga]] Masuku was the commander of the [[Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army]], the military wing of [[Zimbabwe African People's Union| ZAPU]]. He became commander after the death of Alfred Nikitha Mangena in 1978.  Masuku was commander from 1978 up to Independence in 1980. After independence, Masuku served as the Deputy Commander of the Zimbabwe National Army and held the rank of Lieutenant General.  He held this post until his arrest in 1982.
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During the [[Second Chimurenga]] Masuku was the commander of the [[Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army]], the military wing of [[Zimbabwe African People's Union| ZAPU]]. He assumed command after the death of Alfred Nikitha Mangena in 1978.  Masuku was commander from 1978 up to Independence in 1980. After independence, Masuku served as the Deputy Commander of the Zimbabwe National Army and held the rank of Lieutenant General.  He was second only to General [[Solomon Mujuru]]. He held this post until his arrest in 1982.<ref name="UMR">[http://www.umthwakazireview.com/index-id-Amaqhawe-zk-617.html/  Lieutenant General Lookout Khalisabantu Masuku],  Retrieved: January 08 2016''</ref>.
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==Arrest and Detention==
 
==Arrest and Detention==
In 1982 Lookout Masuku together with [[Dumiso Dabengwa]] the Zipra Intelligence chief were arrested for allegedly planning a coup d'état against then-Prime Minister Robert Mugabe.  They were detained until 1983.  In 1983 the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe found Masuku and Dumiso Debengwa not guilty of the charges.  However, the police refused to release them and invoked emergency regulations, holding the for four years.  On the 11th of March 1986, the government released Lookout Masuku and Vote Muza, a ZAPU official due to poor health.   
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In 1982 Lookout Masuku together with [[Dumiso Dabengwa]] the [[Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army| ZIPRA]] Intelligence chief were arrested for allegedly planning a coup d'état against then-Prime Minister Robert Mugabe.  They were detained until 1983.  In 1983 the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe found Masuku and Dumiso Debengwa not guilty of the charges.  However, the police refused to release them and invoked emergency regulations, holding the for four years.  On the 11th of March 1986, the government released Lookout Masuku and Vote Muza, a ZAPU official due to poor health.<ref name="death"/><ref name="shroud">[http://www.thezimbabwean.co.uk/11-march-2005/gukurahundi.html Many deaths remain shrouded in mystery] The Zimbabwean.</ref>
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<br/><br/>
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While in detention, Lookout Masuku and Dumiso Dabengwa wrote a letter to Prime Minister Robert Mugabe. 
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[http://www.pindula.co.zw/Letter_written_to_Robert_Mugabe_by_Masuku_and_Dabengwa Letter written to Mugabe by Masuku and Dabengwa]
  
 
==Death==
 
==Death==
Masuku died on Saturday the 5th of April 1986 at 2 pm, at [[Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals | Parirenyatwa Hospital]] in Harare from Cryptococcal Menengitis.  However, SW Radio Africa expressed doubt over the official cause of death.  They described it as "suspicious." The government denied Masuku the status of "National Hero."   
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Masuku died on Saturday the 5th of April 1986 at 2 pm, at [[Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals | Parirenyatwa Hospital]] in Harare from Cryptococcal Menengitis, an inflammation of membranes covering the brain..  However, SW Radio Africa expressed doubt over the official cause of death.  They described it as "suspicious."[[Judith Todd]], in her book Through The Darkness, expressed doubts whether the “specialist who attended to him was “indeed a specialist or even a registered doctor at all”. The government denied Masuku the status of "National Hero."  <br/><br/>
  
Lt General Lookout Masuku was buried at  Lady Stanley Cemetery in Bulawayo on Saturday 12th April 1986.  Ten of thousands of people came to pay their last respects. [[Joshua Nkomo]] was the main speaker at the funeral and he gave one of the greatest speeches of his life. You can read the speech [[http://www.pindula.co.zw/Joshua_Nkomos_Speech_at_the_funeral_of_General_Lookout_Masuku  here]]. 
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Lt General Lookout Masuku was buried at  Lady Stanley Cemetery in [[Bulawayo]] on Saturday 12th April 1986.  Ten of thousands of people came to pay their last respects. [[Joshua Nkomo]] was the main speaker at the funeral and he gave one of the greatest speeches of his life. In his speech Nkomo said:
  
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<blockquote>Mafela, Lookout after all his sacrifices, died a pauper in our own hands, we cannot blame colonialism and imperialism for this tragedy</blockquote>
  
{| class="pintablefloat" border="0" style="float:right;color:purple;font-size:110%;"
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<blockquote>...he is not being buried at the Heroes’ Acre. But they can’t take away his status as a hero. You don’t give a man the status of a hero. All you can do is recognise it. It is his.Yes, he can be forgotten temporarily by the state. But the young people who do research will one day unveil what Lookout has done.</blockquote>
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<br/>
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You can read the entire speech [http://www.pindula.co.zw/Joshua_Nkomo's_Speech_at_the_funeral_of_General_Lookout_Masuku  here]. 
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{| class="pintablefloat" border="0"
 
|+Related Profiles You Might Want to See
 
|+Related Profiles You Might Want to See
|- class="pintablemore" style="background:#005400;color:#ffffff;font-size:110%;"
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|- class="pintablemore"
| style="text-align:left;" |
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* [[Herbert Chitepo]]
 
* [[Herbert Chitepo]]
 
* [[Solomon Mujuru]]
 
* [[Solomon Mujuru]]
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* [[National Heroes Acre]]
 
* [[National Heroes Acre]]
 
|}
 
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|title=About Lookout Masuku - Pindula, Local Knowledge  
 
|title=About Lookout Masuku - Pindula, Local Knowledge  
 
|titlemode=replace
 
|titlemode=replace
|keywords= Lookout Masuku, Who is Lookout Masuku, Biography of Lookout Masuku, Lookout Mafela Masuku, ZAPU, Second Chimurenga, Joshia Nkomo, Lookout Masuku, Lt.General Lookout Masuku, General Lookout Masuku,  
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|keywords= Lookout Masuku, Who is Lookout Masuku, Biography of Lookout Masuku, Lookout Masuku Profile, Lookout Mafela Masuku, ZAPU, Second Chimurenga, Joshia Nkomo, Lookout Masuku, Lt.General Lookout Masuku, General Lookout Masuku,  
 
|description=
 
|description=
 
}}
 
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====Latest News==
 
{| class="pintablefloat"
 
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|- class="pintablemore"
 
|  |
 
<rss max=5 highlight="latest News">http://feeds.feedburner.com/PindulaNews</rss>
 
 
[http://www.pindula.co.zw/news/ More News Headlines]
 
|}
 
 
==Latest Articles Created on Pindula====
 
<news limit="10" unique=true onlynew=true>
 
* [[{{{pagename}}}]]
 
</news>
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
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[[Category:Politicians]]
 
[[Category:Politicians]]

Latest revision as of 18:42, 12 May 2020

Lookout Masuku
Lieutenant General
Lookout Masuku, ZIPRA
The Late Lt. Gen. Lookout Masuku
Native nameLookout Masuku
BornLookout Khalisabantu Vumindaba Masuku
(1940-04-07)April 7, 1940
DiedApril 5, 1986(1986-04-05) (aged 45)
Parirenyatwa Hospital, Harare
Cause of deathCryptococcal meningitis
Resting placeLady Stanley Cemetry, Bulawayo
NationalityZimbabwean
Other namesMafela
CitizenshipZimbabwean
OccupationMilitary Leader
EraSecond Chimurenga, Rhodesian Era
OrganizationZimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army
Known forLeading the Army
Notable workLeading the ZIPRA Forces
MovementNationalist
Opponent(s)Rhodesian Front Party
Spouse(s)Gift Masuku
ChildrenThokozile, Zakheleni


Lookout Khalisabantu Vumindaba Masuku was a former guerrilla leader and Deputy Commander of the Zimbabwe National Army. To his companions he was also called Mafela [1]

Background

Lookout Masuku was born on the 7th of April 1940. He married Gift Masuku and together they had two children Thokozile and Zakhelini.

Military Career

During the Second Chimurenga Masuku was the commander of the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army, the military wing of ZAPU. He assumed command after the death of Alfred Nikitha Mangena in 1978. Masuku was commander from 1978 up to Independence in 1980. After independence, Masuku served as the Deputy Commander of the Zimbabwe National Army and held the rank of Lieutenant General. He was second only to General Solomon Mujuru. He held this post until his arrest in 1982.[2].


Arrest and Detention

In 1982 Lookout Masuku together with Dumiso Dabengwa the ZIPRA Intelligence chief were arrested for allegedly planning a coup d'état against then-Prime Minister Robert Mugabe. They were detained until 1983. In 1983 the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe found Masuku and Dumiso Debengwa not guilty of the charges. However, the police refused to release them and invoked emergency regulations, holding the for four years. On the 11th of March 1986, the government released Lookout Masuku and Vote Muza, a ZAPU official due to poor health.[1][3]




While in detention, Lookout Masuku and Dumiso Dabengwa wrote a letter to Prime Minister Robert Mugabe. Letter written to Mugabe by Masuku and Dabengwa

Death

Masuku died on Saturday the 5th of April 1986 at 2 pm, at Parirenyatwa Hospital in Harare from Cryptococcal Menengitis, an inflammation of membranes covering the brain.. However, SW Radio Africa expressed doubt over the official cause of death. They described it as "suspicious."Judith Todd, in her book Through The Darkness, expressed doubts whether the “specialist who attended to him was “indeed a specialist or even a registered doctor at all”. The government denied Masuku the status of "National Hero."

Lt General Lookout Masuku was buried at Lady Stanley Cemetery in Bulawayo on Saturday 12th April 1986. Ten of thousands of people came to pay their last respects. Joshua Nkomo was the main speaker at the funeral and he gave one of the greatest speeches of his life. In his speech Nkomo said:

Mafela, Lookout after all his sacrifices, died a pauper in our own hands, we cannot blame colonialism and imperialism for this tragedy

...he is not being buried at the Heroes’ Acre. But they can’t take away his status as a hero. You don’t give a man the status of a hero. All you can do is recognise it. It is his.Yes, he can be forgotten temporarily by the state. But the young people who do research will one day unveil what Lookout has done.


You can read the entire speech here.


Related Profiles You Might Want to See





References