He is a politician and founder of Zimbabwe's main opposition party the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
He was born Morgan Richard Tsvangirai on March 10 1952 in Gutu, Masvingo.Born to a bricklayer father, Chibwe Tsvangirai and mother Lydia, Tsvangirai is the eldest in a family of nine.
He left school at the age of 16 to become a textile weaver to support his lowly and extended family. Often called a 'tea boy' because of his educational background.
He is a former ZANU PF official. He however joined active politics in the 1987 and 1989 after leading a series of strikes against the ZANU PF government's tax increases when he was the Zimbawe Congress of Trade Unions Secretary General. The government's cancelling of two tax bills made him popular and helped him to found the MDC with others in 1999.He became the first man to defeat Robert Mugabe in an election since 1980 after winning the 2008 Presidential election. He garnered 47,8% against Mugabe's 43,2%.
In 2001 he as awarded the Solida Silver Rose Award for outstanding achievement in civil society activities. In October 2009 He was given the Human Rights award in Spain for his stance to advance the human rights cause in Zimbabwe. In the same year the Spanish Foundation Cristobal Gabarron gave him a Lifetime Achievement Award for his fight for peace and democracy. Tsvangirai was awarded an honorary doctorate degree in Public Administration by Sun Moon University of South Korea in February 2013.