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Mutoko is a Town, and the district around it, located in Mashonaland East Province. Formerly called Mtoko.


It is 143 km NE of Harare on the highway to Nyamapanda, then Tete and Malawi.
Altitude, 1 250 meters. Ave. Rainfall, 695 mm. [1] 17° 24′S 32° 13′E [2]
See Distances in Zimbabwe


Mutoko Iron Age Ruins are 8 km west of Mutoko. Ruchero Cave, aka Mtoko Cave, is also nearby.
Mutoko was founded in 1911. The Portuguese were active in the area for centuries, and the Budjga fought off Manuel de Sousa in the 1880s. Chief Mutoko, leader of the Budjga people, signed a concession in favour of the BSAC in 1891.
Mutoko was a major infiltration route during the Liberation Struggle.


Mutoko is the administrative and commercial hub for the region. Agriculture is tobacco and mixed farming. its a transport centre for the Harare-Malawi highway.

In the Zimbabwe 1985 Parliamentary Election, Mutoko returned to Parliament:

In the 1990 Parliamentary Election (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Mutoko North returned to Parliament:

Mutoko South returned:

Turnout - 22 174 voters or 58.72 %

In the 2000 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Mutoko North returned to Parliament:

Mutoko South returned:

Mutoko local government is Mutoko RDC.


From the 1969 Rhodesian Census the Mtoko population was 1110 Africans, 67 Europeans, 6 Asians, and 5 coloureds for a total of 1 190 people. [3]
In 1987 the population was 4 829 people.
In 2009 the population was about 9 532 people, the majority being local Zimbabweans.

See Nyadire Secondary School.
See Nyamuzuwe High School.

Further Reading

[1] [3] [2]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe, (Quest Publishing, Harare, 1987), Retrieved: 25 July 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed), Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  3. 3.0 3.1 [Mary Akers (ed.), Encyclopaedia Rhodesia] (The College Press, Salisbury, 1973) Retrieved 8 August 2019"