Difference between revisions of "Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo"

 
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Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo (23 December 1945 – 9 May 2013) was a Zimbabwean nationalist, academic, and businessman.Mkondo was born in 1945 in Fort Victoria,(now Masvingo). He was the third born in a family of 18 children, the second son of Tangi Mkondo. Paul grew up in Nerupiri Village in Gutu a district of Masvingo Province. He later moved with his father Tangi Mhova Mkondo, who was a very hard-working & disciplined farm manager (who was asked by the white farm owner to relocate with him because he trusted & respected his work ethics), to Schoora Estate in Marandellas (now Marondera) in Mashonaland East Province.[1]Mkondo went on to become a full-time Outward Bound Instructor where he trained another future Nationalist Moven Mahachi who later on was to confide in him in advising & planning the escape of Robert Mugabe & Edgar Tekere to Mozambique alongside Chief Rekayi Tangwena (whom he had befriended as an Outward Bound instructor) to kick-start the Armed Struggle with the assistance of Samora Machel & FRELIMO guerrilla fighters. After a few years as an Outward bound Instructor and Scout in the Eastern Highlands,Mkondo decided to continue his education, as nobody in his family had yet gone to University, yet alone College. He enrolled at Bulawayo Polytechnic College to train in hotel catering, a course that was sponsored by the Rhodesian Breweries (Natbrew) and Anglo American Corporation. He was one of two African students accepted for this course as the rest were Whites and Coloureds. Whoever came first was to be offered a scholarship to study for a Bachelor of Science degree in Hotel Management at Blackpool Technical College (now Blackpool and The Fylde College) in the United Kingdom. Mkondo came first in the course, but was not offered the scholarship because of his colour.[1] This was his first personal bitter taste of racial discrimination, as this scholarship was a lifetime opportunity to help him become the Family's breadwinner. Mkondo then relocated to Highfields Harare, & was successful in getting a job with the prestigious Park Lane Hotel as an assistant manager in charge of the kitchen. Because of a mishap at a white man's daughter's wedding where he soundly beat up (Mkondo was a trained champion boxer) some Rhodesian soldiers who were later found guilty and fined £25 each, he was barred from being employed by any white catering establishment in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). After being fired from Park Lane Hotel in Salisbury (now Harare), he got another job at the Federal Hotel owned by an Asian businessman. He found himself again at war with the Coloureds who could not accept a black manager.[1]Entrepreneurship and businesses establishment.Mkondo negotiated with the Liquor Licensing Board, police and health inspectors which was approved. He applied for a stand in Highfield which site and plans were later sold to George Tawengwa who put up Mushandirapamwe Hotel, (1972) which stands up to today. He bought Club Hideout 99 in Lochinvar, which was used by fellow Nationalists of Guerilla Fighters as a meeting place to continue to plan the liberation struggle internally.It was also a designated underground weapons storage & hideout for the Guerillas, hence name Hide-Out ( similar to South Africa's Liliesleaf Farm.) Played a significant role in bombing of industrial petrol sites in Epworth.Mkondo in 1970 he was employed by Southampton Assurance Company as an agent selling life policies. From his earnings and commission he acquired two small cars and had them registered as taxis. He applied for a business stand with the City of Harare in Glen Norah, that of a service station. He named his taxi company Sharaude Glen Norah Taxi Services (Pvt) Ltd. He built a very modern garage and service station for his taxis. The taxi vehicles multiplied up to 120 and that made him own the second biggest taxi company in Rhodesia after Creamline Taxis. He was elected president of the Zimbabwe Metered Taxi Operators' Association.
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{{Infobox person
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    | pre-nominals  ='''
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    | name              =  Paul Tangi Mhova “Don Vito” Mkondo (MK)
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    | post-nominals  =
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    | image              =  2A63D90B-0A34-499A-A1D7-007259AD3A57.jpg
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    | pronunciation      =
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    | birth_name        =  <!-- only use if different from name above -->
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    | birth_date        =  {{Birth date|1945|12|23}}
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    | birth_place        =  [[Masvingo]]
 +
    | baptised          =  <!-- will not display if birth_date is entered -->
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    | disappeared_date  =  <!-- {{disappeared date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (disappeared date then birth date) -->
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    | death_date        =  <!-- {{Death date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date) -->
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    | death_cause        =
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    | body_discovered    =
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    | resting_place      = [[Hwedza]]
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    | resting_place_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
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    | burial_place      =  <!-- may be used instead of resting_place and resting_place_coordinates (displays "Burial place" as label) -->
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    | burial_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
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    | monuments          =
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    | residence          =  Old [[Highfield]]; [[Old Marimba Park Suburb]]; Highlands; Glendale ([[Mazowe]] South); [[Hwedza]]; [[Masvingo]];
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    | nationality        = Zimbabwean
 +
    | other_names        =
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    | citizenship        = Zimbabwean
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    | education          = [[ University of Zimbabwe]], Keele University, University of Southern California
 +
    | alma_mater        = Tegwani High School; Chemhanza Primary.
 +
    | occupation        = Indigenous  Businessman
 +
    | years_active      =
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    | era                = Rhodesia & Zimbabwe
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    | employer          = Self Employed Entrepreneur
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    | organization      = Southampton Life Assurance, Paul Mkondo Insurance; PMA Real Estate, Million Dollar Round Table (MDRT)Chicago USA, Nhavota Enterprises, Sharaude Taxi Services, [[Club HideOut 99]], Inyatsi Ranch .
 +
    | agent              =  <!-- Discouraged in most cases, specifically when promotional, and requiring a reliable source -->
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    | known_for          =  Nationalist; [[Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp]]; Entrepreneur; Restauranteur; Gold Mine Owner (80’s); Pioneer International Music Promoter (alongside Business partner Peter Muchanyuka, and another Pioneer International Music Promoter Job Kadengu were instrumental in bringing Bob Marley to Zimbabwe); Boxing Promoter; Insurance Guru (more popularly known by public for Sunday morning national radio programme that was aired for 3 decades called ‘Mari NeUpenyu WeVanhu-Itai Centi Centi‘ ); Black Economic Empowerment, Old Marimba Park  Pioneering Tycoons;  Student Protest Leader (UDI).
 +
    | notable_works      = World acclaimed ‘Nothing is Impossible’ (1983) Novel by Samuel Chimsoro is based on Mkondo’s early life & Pre-Independence;  [[Radio Zimbabwe]] Programme -  Mari neUpenyu WeVanhu (Money & Life) ; Money & Life Autobiography (Unpublished).
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    | style              =
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    | home_town          = Nerupiri, [[Gutu]]
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    | salary            =
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    | net_worth          =  <!-- Net worth should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
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    | height            =  <!-- "X cm", "X m"  or "X ft Y in" plus optional reference (conversions are automatic) -->
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    | weight            =  <!-- "X kg", "X lb" or "X st Y lb" plus optional reference (conversions are automatic) -->
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    | television        =
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    | title              =  <!-- Formal/awarded/job title. The parameter |office= may be used as an alternative when the label is better rendered as "Office" (e.g. public office or appointments) -->
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    | term              =
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    | predecessor        =
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    | successor          =
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    | party              = [[Zanu PF]]
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    | movement          =
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    | opponents          =
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    | boards            = Southampton Assurance; Million Dollar Round Table; First Mutual Life Assurance; Karina Houseboat Association; Zimbabwe Musician Association; Real Estate Institute of Zimbabwe; Club HideOut 99; Paul Mkondo Insurance; Sharaude Taxis; Nhavota Enterprises; Danhiko; Z.R.P.
 +
    | criminal_charge    =  <!-- Criminality parameters should be supported with citations from reliable sources -->
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    | criminal_penalty  =
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    | criminal_status    =
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    | spouse            =  Dr. Maud Mkondo
 +
    | partner            =  <!-- (unmarried long-term partner) -->
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    | children          =  Nhamodzinesu ; Vongai.
 +
    | parents            =  <!-- overrides mother and father parameters -->
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    | mother            =  <!-- may be used (optionally with father parameter) in place of parents parameter (displays "Parent(s)" as label) -->
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    | father            =  <!-- may be used (optionally with mother parameter) in place of parents parameter (displays "Parent(s)" as label) -->
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    | relatives          =  Dr. [[Simon Lennox Mkondo]]; [[Cephas Mkonto]]; [[Stan Mudenge]];
 +
    | family            =
 +
    | callsign          =
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    | awards            =
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    | website            =  <!-- {{URL|example.com}} -->
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    | signature          =
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    | signature_alt      =
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    | footnotes          =
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    }}
  
Rhodesian Bush War (Chimurenga 2)
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'''Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo''' (23 December 1945 – 9 May 2013) was a Zimbabwean nationalist. Mkondo was also a very successful entrepreneur and a pioneer indigenous business magnate. Mkondo was one of the first Gonakudzingwa political prisoners alongside [[Joshua Nkomo]] as a student leader protesting against Rhodesia’s Declaration of Independence. A popular insurance program called Mari NeUpenyu Vevanhu broadcasting  on Radio 2 (now known as [[Radio Zimbabwe]]) was done by him on Sunday Mornings since the early 70s.
Mkondo organised underground meetings for some of the political leadership, as many were his former teachers and colleagues from Thekwani High School in Plumtree.[4] Some he had known since he had lived with them in Highfields Township in Salisbury (now Harare).When the war broke out, Mkondo sent his wife first overseas in order for further medical training in critical care and emergency training, to be a nurse on the frontline.[citation needed] Mkondo was to follow, as ZANU PF led by Herbert Chitepo and Josiah Tongogara were about to open up the Mozambican Front with the help of Samora Machel. Since Mkondo, through his scouting and outward bound training instructor years (where he was Moven Mahachi's instructee)[citation needed] had experience of the area, fewer knew the terrain like Mkondo, and he had decided to go to the frontline to assist the leadership opening up that sector. However, Chairman Chitepo relayed the message to Mkondo, that with Tongogara they had decided that he would be more effective staying within the country,as in the near future self made entrepreneurs like himself would be heavily required in helping reintegrate the thousands of guerrilla fighters, especially in the financial and commercial sector, which was a closed industry to the majority Africans.[citation needed] Paul Mkondo, was then appointed to the ZANU Treasury & Finance Committee responsible for raising Finances(Internal & External) working closely with people such as Enos Nkala, Bernard Chidzero, George Tawengwa, Ben Mucheche, Tobias Musariri Snr. and others in getting funding for the Guerilla Fighters in the frontline,[5] and assisting with the transport and logistics of the new recruits to the Training Bases established in Zambia, Mozambique, Tanzania, China and Eastern Europe.[citation needed] Mkondo also played middleman between ZANU PF leadership detained in Gonakudzingwa and the leadership in exile. He regularly liaised with Mayor Urimbo, Mark Dube, Josiah Tungamirai & Rex Nhongo at the frontline.[citation needed] With no travel restrictions, and being a well known successful businessman in the international arena, Mkondo would travel internationally to promote ZANU-PF and oppose the Rhodesian government propaganda, where alongside Ambassador Stan Mudenge, Bernard Chidzero,he met with dignitaries such as USA President Gerald Ford, Henry Kissinger, Andrew Young and Pope John Paul II.[1] As a team they were able to influence The American Government to push for talks which resulted in the Geneva Conference & Lancaster House Agreement[citation needed] After the war, in honour of chairman Chitepo and Tongogara's vision, Mkondo helped many people especially the former guerrilla fighters into re-integrating into independent Zimbabwe[4] especially in the financial and commercial sectors, and in economically empowering them or helping them become educated.He turned down many opportunities to work in multi-national companies overseas,[citation needed] especially in the western world or for foreign government agencies as they continuously tried to recruit him to meet the Nationalist goals he believed in.
 
  
Indigenous commercial farming
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==Early Life: 1945-1954==
Paul Mkondo was an established commercial farmer. He started farming Zimbabwe's staple maize in the late 1970s in Lochinvar and Southerton in Harare.[citation needed] He also was the first indigenous commercial poultry farmer to have his own brand: Paul Mkondo Poultry.In 1988, Mkondo purchased Inyatsi Farm in the Mazowe area.[1] He joined the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU), and was one of the founding members of the Indigenous Commercial Farmers Union (ICFU), formed in 1992 to represent black commercial farmers.
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Mkondo was born in 1945 in Fort Victoria, (now [[Masvingo]]). He was the third born in a family of 18 children, the second son of Tangi Mkondo. Paul grew up in Nerupiri Village in Gutu a district of Masvingo Province. He later moved with his father Tangi Mhova Mkondo, who was a very hard-working & disciplined farm manager (who was asked by the white farm owner to relocate with him because he trusted & respected his work ethics), to Schoora Estate in Marandellas (now Marondera) in Mashonaland East Province.
Mkondo, as Vice-President – Affirmative Action of the IBDC organisation,[7] was a founding father of the indigenisation and black economic empowerment of the Zimbabwean economy[improper synthesis?] alongside similar business moguls and tycoons as Ben Mucheche (President),[citation needed] John Mapondera (Former President),[citation needed] Strive Masiyiwa,[citation needed] Chemist Siziba (former president),[citation needed] Jane Mutasa (IBWO),[citation needed] and James Makamba.[citation needed] This group worked on indigenisation laws with the support of the President Robert Mugabe, Vice-Presidents Simon Muzenda and Joshua Nkomo[8] which formed the basis of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act of 2007.[9]
 
Death
 
Mkondo, after spending almost a month in intensive care post surgery, died on 9 May 2013, in a Harare private hospital called Avenues Clinic in Zimbabwe.[10]
 
  
Legacy
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==Education and training: 1955-1964==
First African Executive in Insurance Industry to be registered Life Million Dollar Rountable International.
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Mkondo did his Sub A (Grade 1) to Standard One (Grade 3) at Schoora Estate Primary School. After Standard One, Mkondo moved to another farm in Wedza, which became known as Edridge (Duva) Estate where he worked as a stable boy looking after horses, and then became the butler. During this time his father Tangi Mhova Mkondo joined fellow migrants recruited by Witswatersrand Native Labour Association (WNLA/ WENELA) to catch the Stimela train to work in the gold mines of Johannesburg, South Africa. This was in order to pay for the controversial hut tax imposed upon black Rhodesians (Zimbabwe) by the colonial government, as traditional subsistence farming did not generate enough income to afford the tax.  
  
One of the founding fathers of indigenization of Southern Africa Economy.
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Mkondo had to work to support his mother and the rest of his siblings at a very young age. During the weekend he started weekend business of trading at the local market. He later went to Chemhanza Mission in Wedza a district of Mashonaland East Province, from 1957 to complete his primary education from Standard Two (Grade 4) to Standard Six. Mkondo then went to high school at Tegwani Mission near Bulawayo in Matabeleland South Province. At Tegwani Mission (now Thekwane High School) he met future fellow nationalists such as Canaan Banana and Edson Zvobgo. Mkondo was peers and classmates with union leader [[Gibson Sibanda]]. Mkondo as the Headboy led the biggest student protest against the Rhodesian Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in 1965. This resulted in him being black-listed and outlawed, resulting in him being one of the first political detainees at Gonakudzingwa Restriction camp alongside Joshua Nkomo.  
  
Main character Simbai Muhondo in Samuel Chimsoro's book 'Nothing is impossible' is based on Mkondo's biography.
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Mkondo during school vacations, used to enjoy the Outward Bound Camps, which were held at the Outward Bound Mountaineering Centre in Melsetter (now Chimanimani) in Manicaland Province. He became a part-time instructor which helped him self-finance his Secondary Education.Mkondo during this time also trained individuals on bushcraft,scouting and how to survive in the bush and became elite SAS special forces worldwide.
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Mkondo went on to become a full-time "Outward Bound Instructor" where he trained another future nationalist, Moven Mahachi. After a few years as an Outward bound Instructor and Scout in the Eastern Highlands, Mkondo decided to continue his education.
 +
 
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Mkondo enrolled at Bulawayo Polytechnic College to train in hotel catering, a course that was sponsored by the Rhodesian Breweries (Natbrew) and Anglo American Corporation. He was one of two black students accepted at the time for this course. The student who achieved the highest marks was to be offered a scholarship to study for a Bachelor of Science degree in Hotel Management at Blackpool Technical College (now Blackpool and The Fylde College) in the United Kingdom. Mkondo came first among the other students in the course, but was not offered the scholarship because of his colour.This was his first personal taste of racial discrimination, as he believed the scholarship was a lifetime opportunity to help him provide for his family.
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Mkondo then relocated to Highfields Harare, obtaining a job with the prestigious Park Lane Hotel in Salisbury as an assistant kitchen manager. Due to an altercation with some soldiers at a wedding, Mkondo was fired and later barred from future employment at any catering establishment. He sought out another job at Salisbury's Federal Hotel, but again cited discrimination by the predominantly Coloured guests.
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==Entrepreneurship and businesses establishment: 1965-1969===
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Mkondo decided to open his own business in Lochinvar, and purchased the Club Hideout 99 with approval from the Rhodesian Liquor Licensing Board and the municipal authorities. This site later became an important meeting site for supporters of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), and stored weapons for the party's militant wing, the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA).Mkondo throughout the 1960s, he worked as an insurance & financial advisor. His business acumen and strong work ethic set off his entrepreneurial spirit which made him start a garage and taxi business in Machipisa, Highfields. Mkondo eventually founded his own taxi company, Sharaude Glen Noah Taxi Services (Pvt) Ltd, which came to own the second largest taxi fleet in Rhodesia, the largest being a cooperative ( Mkondo’s was the largest fleet in the country owned by one Family). At some point he also served as president of the country's Metered Taxi Operators' Association.
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 +
==Indigenous commercial farming :1980-2013==
 +
Paul Mkondo was an established commercial farmer. He started farming Zimbabwe's staple maize in the late 1970s in Lochinvar and Southerton in Harare. He also was the first indigenous commercial poultry farmer to have his own brand: Paul Mkondo Poultry. In the mid 1980s, Mkondo purchased Inyatsi Farm at competitive commercial agricultural property market rates at that time, from a white farmer in the Mazowe, Mashonaland Central area. He joined the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU), and was one of the founding members of the Indigenous Commercial Farmers Union (ICFU), formed in 1992 to represent black commercial farmers.
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 +
Paul Mkondo in tobacco fields on his Commercial farm in Mazowe, Mashonaland Central Mkondo, as Vice-President – Affirmative Action of the IBDC organisation, was a founding father of the indigenisation and black economic empowerment of the Zimbabwean economy alongside similar business moguls and tycoons as Ben Mucheche (President), John Mapondera (Former President), Strive Masiyiwa,[citation needed] Chemist Siziba (former president), Jane Mutasa (IBWO), and James Makamba. This group worked on indigenisation laws with the support of the President Robert Mugabe, Vice-Presidents Simon Muzenda and Joshua Nkomo which formed the basis of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act of 2007.
 +
 
 +
==Death==
 +
Mkondo, was in the intensive care unit (ICU) post surgery for a month, whilst awaiting for his multi-disciplinary international medical consultants to medically air transport him to the reputable Milpark Hospital for stabilization first in South Africa, but their efforts were delayed by the local team. Mkondo died on 9 May 2013, in a Harare private hospital called Avenues Clinic in Zimbabwe.
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==Legacy==
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Paul Mkondo was the first African insurance executive and financial advisor to be recognised with the elite Life Million Dollar Roundtable International (MDRT). In new independent Zimbabwe he officially represented Zimbabwe and presented the new flag to the MDRT Organization with the blessings of the first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe H. E. Robert Mugabe nicknamed Jongwe. He was also on the MDRT standing committee. Mkondo was the first African President of the Life underwriters association.
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Mkondo with VaMutanga were the first pioneering African Indigenous Businessman in Rhodesia to establish a licensed Restaurant and Night Club backed by Amai Mutanga’s Blessing and Prayers.
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''Mkondo was also the First African International Music Promoter In Highfields in the 60s.''
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The protagonist, Simbai Saul Muhondo, in Samuel Chimsoro's novel 'Nothing is impossible' is based on Mkondo's biography (the period from Mkondo’s Birth to 1983 when book was also published). The book was well received and became part of the national education syllabus in English literature during the 80’s without people knowing that it was based on Mkondo’s life.
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==References==
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<references/>
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{{#seo:
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|keywords= Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo
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[[Category:Radio Personalities in Zimbabwe]]
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[[Category:Entrepreneurs]]
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[[Category:Businesspeople]]
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[[Category:Nationalist]]
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[[Category:Business Executives]]
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[[Category:Zimbabwean Politician]]

Latest revision as of 08:41, 23 December 2021


Paul Tangi Mhova “Don Vito” Mkondo (MK)
2A63D90B-0A34-499A-A1D7-007259AD3A57.jpg
Born(1945-12-23)December 23, 1945
Masvingo
Resting placeHwedza
ResidenceOld Highfield; Old Marimba Park Suburb; Highlands; Glendale (Mazowe South); Hwedza; Masvingo;
NationalityZimbabwean
CitizenshipZimbabwean
EducationUniversity of Zimbabwe, Keele University, University of Southern California
Alma materTegwani High School; Chemhanza Primary.
OccupationIndigenous Businessman
EraRhodesia & Zimbabwe
EmployerSelf Employed Entrepreneur
OrganizationSouthampton Life Assurance, Paul Mkondo Insurance; PMA Real Estate, Million Dollar Round Table (MDRT)Chicago USA, Nhavota Enterprises, Sharaude Taxi Services, Club HideOut 99, Inyatsi Ranch .
Known forNationalist; Gonakudzingwa Restriction Camp; Entrepreneur; Restauranteur; Gold Mine Owner (80’s); Pioneer International Music Promoter (alongside Business partner Peter Muchanyuka, and another Pioneer International Music Promoter Job Kadengu were instrumental in bringing Bob Marley to Zimbabwe); Boxing Promoter; Insurance Guru (more popularly known by public for Sunday morning national radio programme that was aired for 3 decades called ‘Mari NeUpenyu WeVanhu-Itai Centi Centi‘ ); Black Economic Empowerment, Old Marimba Park Pioneering Tycoons; Student Protest Leader (UDI).
Notable workWorld acclaimed ‘Nothing is Impossible’ (1983) Novel by Samuel Chimsoro is based on Mkondo’s early life & Pre-Independence; Radio Zimbabwe Programme - Mari neUpenyu WeVanhu (Money & Life) ; Money & Life Autobiography (Unpublished).
Home townNerupiri, Gutu
Political partyZanu PF
Board member ofSouthampton Assurance; Million Dollar Round Table; First Mutual Life Assurance; Karina Houseboat Association; Zimbabwe Musician Association; Real Estate Institute of Zimbabwe; Club HideOut 99; Paul Mkondo Insurance; Sharaude Taxis; Nhavota Enterprises; Danhiko; Z.R.P.
Spouse(s)Dr. Maud Mkondo
ChildrenNhamodzinesu ; Vongai.
RelativesDr. Simon Lennox Mkondo; Cephas Mkonto; Stan Mudenge;

Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo (23 December 1945 – 9 May 2013) was a Zimbabwean nationalist. Mkondo was also a very successful entrepreneur and a pioneer indigenous business magnate. Mkondo was one of the first Gonakudzingwa political prisoners alongside Joshua Nkomo as a student leader protesting against Rhodesia’s Declaration of Independence. A popular insurance program called Mari NeUpenyu Vevanhu broadcasting on Radio 2 (now known as Radio Zimbabwe) was done by him on Sunday Mornings since the early 70s.

Early Life: 1945-1954

Mkondo was born in 1945 in Fort Victoria, (now Masvingo). He was the third born in a family of 18 children, the second son of Tangi Mkondo. Paul grew up in Nerupiri Village in Gutu a district of Masvingo Province. He later moved with his father Tangi Mhova Mkondo, who was a very hard-working & disciplined farm manager (who was asked by the white farm owner to relocate with him because he trusted & respected his work ethics), to Schoora Estate in Marandellas (now Marondera) in Mashonaland East Province.

Education and training: 1955-1964

Mkondo did his Sub A (Grade 1) to Standard One (Grade 3) at Schoora Estate Primary School. After Standard One, Mkondo moved to another farm in Wedza, which became known as Edridge (Duva) Estate where he worked as a stable boy looking after horses, and then became the butler. During this time his father Tangi Mhova Mkondo joined fellow migrants recruited by Witswatersrand Native Labour Association (WNLA/ WENELA) to catch the Stimela train to work in the gold mines of Johannesburg, South Africa. This was in order to pay for the controversial hut tax imposed upon black Rhodesians (Zimbabwe) by the colonial government, as traditional subsistence farming did not generate enough income to afford the tax.

Mkondo had to work to support his mother and the rest of his siblings at a very young age. During the weekend he started weekend business of trading at the local market. He later went to Chemhanza Mission in Wedza a district of Mashonaland East Province, from 1957 to complete his primary education from Standard Two (Grade 4) to Standard Six. Mkondo then went to high school at Tegwani Mission near Bulawayo in Matabeleland South Province. At Tegwani Mission (now Thekwane High School) he met future fellow nationalists such as Canaan Banana and Edson Zvobgo. Mkondo was peers and classmates with union leader Gibson Sibanda. Mkondo as the Headboy led the biggest student protest against the Rhodesian Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in 1965. This resulted in him being black-listed and outlawed, resulting in him being one of the first political detainees at Gonakudzingwa Restriction camp alongside Joshua Nkomo.

Mkondo during school vacations, used to enjoy the Outward Bound Camps, which were held at the Outward Bound Mountaineering Centre in Melsetter (now Chimanimani) in Manicaland Province. He became a part-time instructor which helped him self-finance his Secondary Education.Mkondo during this time also trained individuals on bushcraft,scouting and how to survive in the bush and became elite SAS special forces worldwide. Mkondo went on to become a full-time "Outward Bound Instructor" where he trained another future nationalist, Moven Mahachi. After a few years as an Outward bound Instructor and Scout in the Eastern Highlands, Mkondo decided to continue his education.

Mkondo enrolled at Bulawayo Polytechnic College to train in hotel catering, a course that was sponsored by the Rhodesian Breweries (Natbrew) and Anglo American Corporation. He was one of two black students accepted at the time for this course. The student who achieved the highest marks was to be offered a scholarship to study for a Bachelor of Science degree in Hotel Management at Blackpool Technical College (now Blackpool and The Fylde College) in the United Kingdom. Mkondo came first among the other students in the course, but was not offered the scholarship because of his colour.This was his first personal taste of racial discrimination, as he believed the scholarship was a lifetime opportunity to help him provide for his family.

Mkondo then relocated to Highfields Harare, obtaining a job with the prestigious Park Lane Hotel in Salisbury as an assistant kitchen manager. Due to an altercation with some soldiers at a wedding, Mkondo was fired and later barred from future employment at any catering establishment. He sought out another job at Salisbury's Federal Hotel, but again cited discrimination by the predominantly Coloured guests.

Entrepreneurship and businesses establishment: 1965-1969=

Mkondo decided to open his own business in Lochinvar, and purchased the Club Hideout 99 with approval from the Rhodesian Liquor Licensing Board and the municipal authorities. This site later became an important meeting site for supporters of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), and stored weapons for the party's militant wing, the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA).Mkondo throughout the 1960s, he worked as an insurance & financial advisor. His business acumen and strong work ethic set off his entrepreneurial spirit which made him start a garage and taxi business in Machipisa, Highfields. Mkondo eventually founded his own taxi company, Sharaude Glen Noah Taxi Services (Pvt) Ltd, which came to own the second largest taxi fleet in Rhodesia, the largest being a cooperative ( Mkondo’s was the largest fleet in the country owned by one Family). At some point he also served as president of the country's Metered Taxi Operators' Association.

Indigenous commercial farming :1980-2013

Paul Mkondo was an established commercial farmer. He started farming Zimbabwe's staple maize in the late 1970s in Lochinvar and Southerton in Harare. He also was the first indigenous commercial poultry farmer to have his own brand: Paul Mkondo Poultry. In the mid 1980s, Mkondo purchased Inyatsi Farm at competitive commercial agricultural property market rates at that time, from a white farmer in the Mazowe, Mashonaland Central area. He joined the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU), and was one of the founding members of the Indigenous Commercial Farmers Union (ICFU), formed in 1992 to represent black commercial farmers.

Paul Mkondo in tobacco fields on his Commercial farm in Mazowe, Mashonaland Central Mkondo, as Vice-President – Affirmative Action of the IBDC organisation, was a founding father of the indigenisation and black economic empowerment of the Zimbabwean economy alongside similar business moguls and tycoons as Ben Mucheche (President), John Mapondera (Former President), Strive Masiyiwa,[citation needed] Chemist Siziba (former president), Jane Mutasa (IBWO), and James Makamba. This group worked on indigenisation laws with the support of the President Robert Mugabe, Vice-Presidents Simon Muzenda and Joshua Nkomo which formed the basis of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act of 2007.

Death

Mkondo, was in the intensive care unit (ICU) post surgery for a month, whilst awaiting for his multi-disciplinary international medical consultants to medically air transport him to the reputable Milpark Hospital for stabilization first in South Africa, but their efforts were delayed by the local team. Mkondo died on 9 May 2013, in a Harare private hospital called Avenues Clinic in Zimbabwe.

Legacy

Paul Mkondo was the first African insurance executive and financial advisor to be recognised with the elite Life Million Dollar Roundtable International (MDRT). In new independent Zimbabwe he officially represented Zimbabwe and presented the new flag to the MDRT Organization with the blessings of the first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe H. E. Robert Mugabe nicknamed Jongwe. He was also on the MDRT standing committee. Mkondo was the first African President of the Life underwriters association.

Mkondo with VaMutanga were the first pioneering African Indigenous Businessman in Rhodesia to establish a licensed Restaurant and Night Club backed by Amai Mutanga’s Blessing and Prayers.

Mkondo was also the First African International Music Promoter In Highfields in the 60s.

The protagonist, Simbai Saul Muhondo, in Samuel Chimsoro's novel 'Nothing is impossible' is based on Mkondo's biography (the period from Mkondo’s Birth to 1983 when book was also published). The book was well received and became part of the national education syllabus in English literature during the 80’s without people knowing that it was based on Mkondo’s life.


References