Simon Muzenda

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Simon Muzenda
Simon Vengai Muzenda
Born(1922-10-22)October 22, 1922
DiedSeptember 20, 2003(2003-09-20) (aged 80)
Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals
Cause of deathKidney Ailment
Resting placeNational Heroes Acre
  • Vice President
EmployerGovernment of Zimbabwe
Home townMasvingo
Political partyZimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front
Spouse(s)Maud Muzenda
ChildrenTongai, Tsitsi,

Simon Vengai Muzenda is a Zimbabwe liberation war hero. Muzenda was popularly known as Dr Mzee in political spheres though he was dubbed as the least educated member of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front's (ZANU PF) executive interim during his tenure in office. He was also referred to as the Soul of the Nation because he was always on a relentless mission to educate the nation about the history of the country through the poem, Nehanda Nyakasikana. Muzenda was the deputy prime minister of independent Zimbabwe and became the first vice president of Zimbabwe in 1987.Dr Mzee was always ridiculed for his clumsy and lack of political savvy as well as his halting English, more or less like Joseph Chinotimba.


Simon Muzenda was born on 22 October 1922. He was the son of a farmer. Muzenda was a carpenter by profession and was married to Maud Muzenda, who was a qualified nurse and together they had seven children.


Muzenda was educated at Nyamandi Primary School in Gutu, Masvingo in the care of his grandmother.[1] After completing primary education, he went to Marianhill in South Africa for a teacher training course.[1] It was then that his tutor advised him to focus on carpentry after he had shown his expertise in that sphere. He thus studied carpentry and he obtained a Diploma in Carpentry.[2]

Early life

In 1950, he returned back and was fortunate enough to be employed at a furniture factory in Bulawayo.[1] Whilst in Bulawayo, he met Benjamin Burombo who was one of the main exponents of workers trade unions during that time.[1] He thus began to participate in trade unionism.

In 1955, he relocated to Umvuma (present day Mvuma), where he established his own capentry business.[1] By then he was married to Maud.

Political career

Muzenda though he was actively involved in trade unionism, he was not yet actively involved in nationalist movements. When ZANU PF was formed in 1963, he joined the party and was appointed as the administrative secretary of the party.[1] In 1964, he was arrested after he had been appointed as the deputy organising secretary of the party.[1] He was detained, only to be released in 1971 and he went into exile first in Zambia and then Mozambique. He has been credited for helping Mugabe to restructure the party after he had tried to help Joshua Nkomo restructure his own Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) though he failed.[2]

During the period of turmoil within ZANU PF during the Second Chimurenga, Muzenda is said to have played a pivotal role in trying to reconcile members of the party after numerous rifts had sprouted. It was reported that he visited almost every camp in Mozambique in a bid to quell friction amongst ZANU PF's cadres.[3] It is along this view in which it has been argued that Mugabe's ascent to power came about as a result of Muzenda's endless efforts.[3]

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Career in the Post-Independence Era

In 1980, Muzenda was appointed by Robert Mugabe as his deputy Prime Minister. It has been argued that, Mugabe was on a mission to reward Muzenda for his allegiance.[2] Muzenda was known for his unflagging and unreserved allegiance to Robert Mugabe. He was then appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs up to 1987 when he subsequently became the first vice president of Zimbabwe, a position which he held until the time of his death.

When his health began to deteriorate, Muzenda was offered a package which was reported to be a generous one to resign but he was adamant.[3] He continued to carry on his duty as the vice president of the country though he went into oblivion for almost two years.


Muzenda who was revered to as a no nonsense man during the liberation struggle began to draw criticism in the post independence era. In 1990, there was an attempted assassination of Patrick Kombayi who was a successful businessman and an ex-ZANU PF member. Kombayi's shooting was linked to his opposition of Muzenda for a parliamentary seat.[2] This tragic event tainted Muzenda's image to such an extent that his own tribe, the Karanga people began to question his leadership and personality.[3]

The fact that Muzenda gave unreserved support to Mugabe even when he was advocating for what people termed as disastrous policies, also soiled Muzenda's image.

After the Third Chimurenga which occurred in 2000, Muzenda was entangled in a bitter conflict with the Commercial Farmers Union after he took over the Chindito Farm.[3] The farm however remained in his custody and the farmers union lost the battle.


Muzenda died on 20 September 2003 at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals following a prolonged battle with a kidney ailment.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 , Simon Muzenda, "Zim Legends":,retrieved:7 July 2014"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Andrew Meldrum,Simon Muzenda Zimbabwean nationalist hero tainted by corruption, "The Guardian", published:23 Sep 2003,retrieved:7 July 2014"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 , Simon Muzenda, "SADOCC", published:22 Sep 2003,retrieved:7 July 2014"
  4. Family, friends pay homage to Dr Mzee, September 23, 2013, Retrieved: July 30, 2015