Difference between revisions of "Victoria Falls"

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'''Victoria Falls'''  is a name of the resort town located in the [[Matabeleland North Province]] of [[Zimbabwe]] and named after a big waterfall. The town is located on the eastern border which separates [[Zimbabwe]] from Zambia.
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'''Victoria Falls'''  is a name of the resort town located in the [[Matabeleland North Province]] of [[Zimbabwe]] and named after the waterfall. The town is located on the northern border which separates [[Zimbabwe]] from Zambia, on the [[Zambezi River]], about 1000km from it's source.  
  
Before the colonization of Zimbabwe by the British, present-day Victoria Falls was home to the [[Tonga]] community. The falls were referred to as Mosi-oa-Tunya, which in the local Tonga language means 'the smoke that thunders'.<ref>[http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls The Victoria Falls] ''Zambia'', Published: 16 June 2014, Retrieved 16 June 2014</ref>
+
The Victoria Falls is home to the [[Tonga]] community. The falls were referred to as Mosi-oa-Tunya, which in the local Tonga language means 'the smoke that thunders'.<ref>[http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls The Victoria Falls] ''Zambia'', Published: 16 June 2014, Retrieved 16 June 2014</ref>
[[David Livingstone]] became the first European explorer to discover the Victoria Falls in 1855 and he made it known to the outsiders especially Europeans. Livingstone eventually renamed the place to Victoria Falls in honor of the Queen of Britain who was named Victoria.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Falls Victoria Falls], Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref>  
+
[[David Livingstone]] became the first European explorer to discover the Victoria Falls in 1855. He mapped the location and made it known to the outsider world. Livingstone named the place Victoria Falls in honour of the Queen of Britain at that time.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Falls Victoria Falls], Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref>  
  
==Background==
+
==Background / Pre-History==
The falls are rated among the seven best natural wonders of the world. For this reason, the place was declared a World Natural Heritage Site by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).<ref name="newsvic">, [http://www.zimparks.org/index.php/parksoverview/national/national-parks VICTORIA FALLS & ZAMBEZI NATIONAL PARKS], ''Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Authority'', ,Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> The falls are 1.7 kilometers wide and 70 metres deep. About 550 million litres of water spill into the underlying [[Zambezi River]] base every minute and this is the most striking feature of the falls.<ref name="newsvic"/> This massive fall of the clear waters creates not only an epic deafening sound but also continuous mist which is seen from miles away curling upwards from the town.
+
The falls are rated among the seven best natural wonders of the world. 1708m wide and an average depth of 100m, they form the biggest single curtain of water in the world. Flow varies from 20 000m³ (November / December) to 500 000m³ at the end of the rains over western Zambia and Angola. At the time of record breaking floods of 1958, flow reached 700 000m³. The falls were declared a World Natural Heritage Site by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).<ref name="newsvic">, [http://www.zimparks.org/index.php/parksoverview/national/national-parks VICTORIA FALLS & ZAMBEZI NATIONAL PARKS], ''Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Authority'', ,Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> One of the most striking features of the falls is the epic deafening sound and the continuous mist which is seen from miles away curling upwards from the town.<ref name="newsvic"/>
 +
In the soils of the area are some of the richest archaeological sites in southern Africa.  
  
The major attractions of the town are the falls which draw tourist both local and foreign. The Victoria Falls town is also home to other activities such as bungee jumping done in the gorges as one of the main attraction. The Rain Forest of Victoria Falls also draws considerable attraction .<ref name="bungee">[http://www.victoriafallsbungee.com/ Victoria Falls Bungee Jumping], Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> The [[Victoria Falls Bridge]] adjoining Zimbabwe and Zambia is also a major attraction. The Bridge  offers a spectacle site for bungee jumping and also offers tourists with an opportunity to view the Zimbabwean and the Zambian sections of the Victoria Falls. The [[Victoria Falls National Park]] together with the [[Zambezi National Park]] offer visitors with wildlife exposure. These two major parks are home to diverse wildlife particularly the  'Big Five' which include elephant, lion, buffalo, leopard and white rhinoceros. In addition, herds of buffaloes, antelopes, zebras and giraffes add diversity to the game parks. [[The Zambezi River]] itself is known for boat cruises and aquatic adventures. Besides cruising, the abundance of tiger fish and bream fish in the Zambezi River makes fishing a major activity for both tourists and locals.<ref name="newsvic"/>
+
==History==
 +
Victoria Falls Bridge was constructed in 1905. It is 202m across, with a single span of 152m, 90m above teh Zambezi, and was the first link between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It was originally only two rail tracks, but one rail track was replaced by a road deck in 1930. Road decking was replaced in 1980.  
  
==Major Events Held==
+
On 25 August 1975 the [[Victoria Falls Conference]] was held on the bridge in a railway dining car. Following meetings in Lusaka, in December 1974 Rhodesia released many nationalist political prisoners, and a ceasefire was arranged. Finally, talks were held in the car on the international border, between [[Ian Smith]], [[Abel Muzorewa]], [[Ndabaningi Sithole]], [[Joshua Nkomo]], [[James Chikerema]], and others. [[Kenneth Kaunda]] and [[John Vorster]] also attended the first sessions. The conference broke down the next day.<ref name= "Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia"> [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed),  Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019" </ref>
The Victoria Falls hosted the 20th edition of the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) General Assembly from the 24th to the 29th of August 2013.<ref name="selz">[https://www.newsday.co.zw/.../multimedia-unwto-general-assembly-in-in-victoria-falls/ UNWTO General Assembly], ''NewsDay'', Published: 26 August 2013, Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> The  event attracted over 900 delegates from member states all over the world.<ref name="newsday">Melisa Mpofu, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2013/08/26/20th-unwto-best-attended/ ’20th UNWTO best attended’], ''NewsDay'', Published:26 August 2013,Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> The town also hosts the popular Victoria Falls Jazz Festival, the [[Victoria Falls Carnival]], the [[Victoria Falls Marathon]] among other activities.
+
 
 +
Victoria Falls hosted the 20th edition of the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) General Assembly from the 24th to the 29th of August 2013.<ref name="selz">[https://www.newsday.co.zw/.../multimedia-unwto-general-assembly-in-in-victoria-falls/ UNWTO General Assembly], ''NewsDay'', Published: 26 August 2013, Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref> The  event attracted over 900 delegates from member states all over the world.<ref name="newsday">Melisa Mpofu, [https://www.newsday.co.zw/2013/08/26/20th-unwto-best-attended/ ’20th UNWTO best attended’], ''NewsDay'', Published:26 August 2013,Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref>  
  
 
==Popular Places==
 
==Popular Places==
The resort nature of the Victoria Falls town make hotels and lodges the most notable of all places. These include the [[Elephant Hills Hotel]], [[Ilala Lodge]], [[Victoria Falls Budget Hotel]] and [[Gorges Lodge]]. These areas are largely occupied by tourists from various parts of the world and are a hive of activity throughout the whole year. Some small lodges and camping sites are available throughout the town to offer accommodation and resting facilities for the touring communities.  
+
While the major attraction of the town is the falls, Victoria Falls town is also home to
 +
* the bridge,
 +
* bungee jumping (from the bridge) into the gorges,
 +
* the Rain Forest,
 +
* white water rafting,
 +
* game viewing at the [[Victoria Falls National Park]] and [[Zambezi National Park]]. These two major parks are home to diverse wildlife including the 'Big Five' - elephant, lion, buffalo, leopard and white rhinoceros. In addition, herds of buffaloes, antelopes, zebras and giraffes add diversity to the game parks.
 +
* river cruises,
 +
* fishing (tiger and bream).
 +
<ref name="bungee">[http://www.victoriafallsbungee.com/ Victoria Falls Bungee Jumping], Retrieved: 16 June 2014</ref>
 +
<ref name="newsvic"/>
 +
The resort nature of the Victoria Falls town make hotels and lodges the most notable of all places. These include the [[Elephant Hills Hotel]], [[Ilala Lodge]], [[Victoria Falls Budget Hotel]] and [[Gorges Lodge]]. Some small lodges and camping sites are available throughout the town to offer accommodation and resting facilities for the touring communities.  
  
 
==Population==
 
==Population==
The Chinotimba high-density suburb accommodates the majority of the residents. Victoria Falls townhouses locals mainly from the surrounding towns and cities. Approximately 50,000 people are residents. These people belong to various [[Shona]] and [[Ndebele]] tribes and speak local languages mainly Ndebele, Tonga, and Shona. A minority of the residents are of European descent and speak the English language.<ref name="zimfalls">[http://www.victoriafalls-guide.net/ Victoria Falls Guide], Retrieved: 16 June 2014"</ref> In this multicultural community, Asians, Arabs, and Europeans are the majority of the tourists who frequent the town.
+
The 1969 Census shows 2880 Africans, 567 Europeans, 3 Asians and 4 Coloureds (Total 3450) people living there.<br/>
 +
The Chinotimba high-density suburb accommodates the majority of the residents. Currently, ther are over 50 000 residents. <ref name="zimfalls">[http://www.victoriafalls-guide.net/ Victoria Falls Guide], Retrieved: 16 June 2014"</ref>  
 +
In this multicultural community, Asians, Arabs, and Europeans are the majority of the tourists who frequent the town.
  
==Visitors Guide :Tips==
+
   
*Any time of the year is a great time to visit however one might want to avoid April (peak rainy/flood season) when the falls are at their fullest. They create so much mist that not only will you get soaked but it is also nearly impossible to even see the falls through the haze.
 
 
 
*If one wishes to visit the hang off the edge like a in the Devil’s Pool,ensure you visit at the end of the dry season around November. This is when the rate of flow is at its lowest which makes going to the Devil’s Pool safest.
 
 
 
*Note: The devil’s pool is only accessible from the Zambia side of the river. Going from Zimbabwe to Zambia as a Canadian in December 2013 cost me $50US. If you plan on going back to Zimbabwe know that (at least for Canadians) you have to pay full price for another VISA as multiple entry VISAs are not available. When I initially visited Zimbabwe as a Canadian I had to pay $75. It is, however, cheaper for the US and Europe.
 
 
 
*Also know that to visit the Devil’s Pool you are either going to pay a tour operator at least $100+ or you will have to sneak over to it (located at Livingstone Island) but then you don’t have a guide telling you where to go and what to do and watching out for you so you don’t fall over the falls.
 
 
 
*No matter the time of the year you may get wet!
 
 
 
*Bring water. Like most tourist places the cost of water is more expensive on-site than if one buys it elsewhere before arriving.
 
  
*Wear good walking shoes, especially important for the wet areas that could be slippery.
+
==Visitors Guide :Tips and Events==
 +
* Victoria Falls Jazz Festival,
 +
* [[Victoria Falls Carnival]],
 +
* [[Victoria Falls Marathon]]
 +
*Any time of the year is a good time to visit, however one might want to avoid April (peak rainy/flood season) when the falls are at their fullest. They create so much mist that not only will you get soaked but it is also nearly impossible to even see the falls through the haze.
 +
* The Devil's Pool: Hanging off the edge of Victoria Falls. The devil’s pool is only accessible from Zambia. Visit at the end of the dry season around November. This is when the rate of flow is at its lowest which makes going to the Devil’s Pool safest.
  
 +
==Further Reading==
 +
<ref name="Encyclopedia Zimbabwe"> [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe'', (Quest Publishing, Harare, 1987), Retrieved: 25 July 2019'' </ref>
  
The waterfall is known as the Devil’s Cataract, which can only be seen from the Zimbabwe side of the falls.
+
<ref name= "Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia"> [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed),  Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019" </ref>
  
*If you are staying nearby try to book an accommodation that has tours to the falls included.
+
<ref name= " Encyclopaedia Rhodesia "> [Mary Akers (ed.),  Encyclopaedia Rhodesia] (The College Press, Salisbury, 1973) Retrieved 8 August 2019" </ref>
  
*If one can afford to get a guide, they tell you about so much more  about the falls and the area than trying to figure out for oneself from just visiting.
 
  
*It is highly recommended to view the falls from  the Zimbabwean side.<ref name="HF">{{cite web |author =|date = December 2, 2014 |title = VISITING VCTORIA FALLS TIPS AND FACTS = Travel Ypourself|publisher =  |url = http://www.travelyourself.ca/cailins-blog/visiting-victoria-falls-facts/|accessdate =November 6, 2017 |quote = }}</ref>
 
  
 
==Gallery==
 
==Gallery==
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<references/>
 
<references/>
  
[[Category:Tourist Attractions]] [[Category:Zimbabwe Lakes, Rivers, Bridges and Waterfalls]] [[Category:Towns and Cities]]
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[[Category:Tourist Attractions]]
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[[Category:Zimbabwe Lakes, Rivers, Bridges and Waterfalls]]
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[[Category:Towns and Cities]]
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[[Category:Tourist Attractions]]
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[[Category:Zimbabwe Lakes, Rivers, Bridges and Waterfalls]]
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[[Category:Towns and Cities]]

Revision as of 08:34, 14 August 2019

Victoria Falls
Vic falls.jpg




Victoria Falls is a name of the resort town located in the Matabeleland North Province of Zimbabwe and named after the waterfall. The town is located on the northern border which separates Zimbabwe from Zambia, on the Zambezi River, about 1000km from it's source.

The Victoria Falls is home to the Tonga community. The falls were referred to as Mosi-oa-Tunya, which in the local Tonga language means 'the smoke that thunders'.[1] David Livingstone became the first European explorer to discover the Victoria Falls in 1855. He mapped the location and made it known to the outsider world. Livingstone named the place Victoria Falls in honour of the Queen of Britain at that time.[2]

Background / Pre-History

The falls are rated among the seven best natural wonders of the world. 1708m wide and an average depth of 100m, they form the biggest single curtain of water in the world. Flow varies from 20 000m³ (November / December) to 500 000m³ at the end of the rains over western Zambia and Angola. At the time of record breaking floods of 1958, flow reached 700 000m³. The falls were declared a World Natural Heritage Site by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[3] One of the most striking features of the falls is the epic deafening sound and the continuous mist which is seen from miles away curling upwards from the town.[3] In the soils of the area are some of the richest archaeological sites in southern Africa.

History

Victoria Falls Bridge was constructed in 1905. It is 202m across, with a single span of 152m, 90m above teh Zambezi, and was the first link between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It was originally only two rail tracks, but one rail track was replaced by a road deck in 1930. Road decking was replaced in 1980.

On 25 August 1975 the Victoria Falls Conference was held on the bridge in a railway dining car. Following meetings in Lusaka, in December 1974 Rhodesia released many nationalist political prisoners, and a ceasefire was arranged. Finally, talks were held in the car on the international border, between Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Ndabaningi Sithole, Joshua Nkomo, James Chikerema, and others. Kenneth Kaunda and John Vorster also attended the first sessions. The conference broke down the next day.[4]

Victoria Falls hosted the 20th edition of the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) General Assembly from the 24th to the 29th of August 2013.[5] The event attracted over 900 delegates from member states all over the world.[6]

Popular Places

While the major attraction of the town is the falls, Victoria Falls town is also home to

  • the bridge,
  • bungee jumping (from the bridge) into the gorges,
  • the Rain Forest,
  • white water rafting,
  • game viewing at the Victoria Falls National Park and Zambezi National Park. These two major parks are home to diverse wildlife including the 'Big Five' - elephant, lion, buffalo, leopard and white rhinoceros. In addition, herds of buffaloes, antelopes, zebras and giraffes add diversity to the game parks.
  • river cruises,
  • fishing (tiger and bream).

[7] [3] The resort nature of the Victoria Falls town make hotels and lodges the most notable of all places. These include the Elephant Hills Hotel, Ilala Lodge, Victoria Falls Budget Hotel and Gorges Lodge. Some small lodges and camping sites are available throughout the town to offer accommodation and resting facilities for the touring communities.

Population

The 1969 Census shows 2880 Africans, 567 Europeans, 3 Asians and 4 Coloureds (Total 3450) people living there.
The Chinotimba high-density suburb accommodates the majority of the residents. Currently, ther are over 50 000 residents. [8] In this multicultural community, Asians, Arabs, and Europeans are the majority of the tourists who frequent the town.


Visitors Guide :Tips and Events

  • Victoria Falls Jazz Festival,
  • Victoria Falls Carnival,
  • Victoria Falls Marathon
  • Any time of the year is a good time to visit, however one might want to avoid April (peak rainy/flood season) when the falls are at their fullest. They create so much mist that not only will you get soaked but it is also nearly impossible to even see the falls through the haze.
  • The Devil's Pool: Hanging off the edge of Victoria Falls. The devil’s pool is only accessible from Zambia. Visit at the end of the dry season around November. This is when the rate of flow is at its lowest which makes going to the Devil’s Pool safest.

Further Reading

[9]

[4]

[10]


Gallery

Victoria Falls Facts

  • The Victoria falls are known as "Mosi oa-Tunya" which means "the smoke that thunders")
  • In Nov 1855 the falls were made known to the outside world by David Livingstone
  • There are an estimated 75 species of fish inhabiting the falls.
  • Victoria Falls is approximately 5577 feet wide and varies in height from 262- 304 feet.

Videos

The Victoria Falls At Its Peak In 4K!




References

  1. The Victoria Falls Zambia, Published: 16 June 2014, Retrieved 16 June 2014
  2. Victoria Falls, Retrieved: 16 June 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 , VICTORIA FALLS & ZAMBEZI NATIONAL PARKS, Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Authority, ,Retrieved: 16 June 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed), Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  5. UNWTO General Assembly, NewsDay, Published: 26 August 2013, Retrieved: 16 June 2014
  6. Melisa Mpofu, ’20th UNWTO best attended’, NewsDay, Published:26 August 2013,Retrieved: 16 June 2014
  7. Victoria Falls Bungee Jumping, Retrieved: 16 June 2014
  8. Victoria Falls Guide, Retrieved: 16 June 2014"
  9. [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe, (Quest Publishing, Harare, 1987), Retrieved: 25 July 2019
  10. [Mary Akers (ed.), Encyclopaedia Rhodesia] (The College Press, Salisbury, 1973) Retrieved 8 August 2019"