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+263 4 773314/16/18/19/24/28-31/34,<br>
 
+263 4 773314/16/18/19/24/28-31/34,<br>
 
+263 4 774491/96/98-9
 
+263 4 774491/96/98-9
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http://www.zesa.co.zw/
 
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The '''Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority Holdings''' is the country's biggest power producer and regulating company. It operates under the [[Ministry and Energy and Power Development]] and it runs a number of subsidiary companies with various specialities in power regulation and communications.
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The Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority, (ZESA) under the [[Ministry and Energy and Power Development]] was established as the producer, distributor, and regulator of Zimbabwe’s electrical power by Act in 1981 and formed in 1985. It has a number of subsidiary companies with various specialties in power generation, transmission distribution, regulation and communications.  
  
==Establishment==
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Since then we have had the Electricity Acts of 1985, 1988, 1990, 1992, and 2001, which formed the current ZESA. Two acts, the Electricity Act (Chapter 13:19) and the Rural Electrification Fund Act (Chapter 13:20) refer.  
ZESA was formed following the passing of two Acts by the Parliament of [[Zimbabwe]], the Electricity Act (Chapter 13:19) and the Rural Electrification Fund Act (Chapter 13:20). The Electricity Act also ushered in the formation of five successor companies, the [[Zimbabwe Power Company]] (ZPC), [[Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission Company]] (ZETCO), [[Zimbabwe Electricity Distribution Company]] (ZEDC), ZESA Enterprises and PowerTel Communications.<ref name="about">, [http://www.zesa.co.zw/index.php/2012-12-12-10-37-20/our-background Our Background], "ZESA Holdings", retrieved:13 Oct 2014"</ref> In line with the approved structure, all power generation assets and operations are under ZESA Holdings generation subsidiary, the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) formed in October 1996. Distribution assets and supply functions fall under the [[Zimbabwe Electricity Distribution Company]] (ZEDC), [[ZESA Enterprises]], another subsidiary of ZESA Holdings comprises of four business units namely [[ZESA Technology Centre]], Production and Services, Transport Logistics and Projects. It is a flexible investment arm for ZESA Holdings that has a diversified business portfolio.<ref name="about"/>
 
  
Transmission grid assets and operations fall under the [[Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission Company]] (ZETCO), a separate Rural Electrification Fund, a Board and Agency have been set up under the Rural Electrification Fund Act, passed in January 2002. The Agency is administering a special fund formed under this Act to finance rural electrification projects. The Board is accountable to the Minister of Energy and Power Development.
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This Act also formed the [[Zimbabwe Power Company]] (ZPC), [[Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission Company]] (ZETCO), (now [[ZETDC]]), Zimbabwe Electricity Distribution Company (ZEDC), [[ZESA Enterprises]] and [[PowerTel Communications]].
  
==Subsidiaries==
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Under the established structure, all power generation assets and operations are under the [[Zimbabwe Power Company]] (ZPC) formed in October 1996. Distribution assets (the grid) and supply functions fall under the [[Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission and Distribution Company]] (ZETDC). [[ZESA Enterprises]] (ZENT), is comprised of four business units namely ZESA Technology Centre, Production and Services, Transport Logistics and Projects.  
===Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC)===
 
Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) one of the subsidiaries of ZESA Holdings was formed in 1996 as an investment vehicle in the generation of electricity and became operational in 1999. The organisation has been authorised to construct, own, operate and maintain power generation stations for the supply of electricity. ZPC currently operates four coal fired power stations, [[Hwange]], [[Bulawayo]], [[Munyati]] and [[Harare]] thermal stations, and one hydro power station, [[Kariba South Power Station]].<ref name="zpc">, [http://www.zpc.co.zw/about-us About Us], "ZPC", retrieved:13 Oct 2014"</ref> 
 
  
===Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission and Distribution Company===
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A separate Rural Electrification Fund, a Board and Agency, have been set up under the Rural Electrification Fund Act, passed in January 2002. The Agency is administering a special fund to finance the rural electrification projects
ZETDC is responsible for the transmission of electricity from the power stations, the distribution of electricity as well as its retailing to end users. There is also distribution asset management, which includes network planning, development, operation and maintenance.
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Marketing, which involves widening the scope and depth of the customer base, pricing and a provision of a safe and reliable service to the customers.<ref name="zetdc">, [http://zetdc.co.zw Welcome to ZETDC], "ZETDC", retrieved:13 Oct 2014"</ref>
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 +
 
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==Current structure==
 +
===Physical===
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* [[Zimbabwe Power Company]] (ZPC)
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This was formed in 1996 as an investment vehicle in the generation of electricity and became operational in 1999. The organisation has been authorised to construct, own, operate and maintain power generation stations for the supply of electricity. ZPC currently operates four coal fired power stations, Hwange, Bulawayo, Munyati and Harare thermal stations, and one hydro power station, Kariba South Power Station.
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In June 2019 they produced about:
 +
Hwange – 520MW
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Bulawayo – 18MW
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Munyati – 17MW
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Harare – 17MW
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And
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Kariba – 200 to 650MW.
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* [[Zimbawe Electircity Transmission ad Distrobution Company]] (ZETDC)
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This is responsible for the transmission and distribution of electricity from the power stations, as well as its retailing to end users.  
 +
 
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* [[Zesa Enterprises]] (ZENT)
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ZENT works strategically as an organ responsible for investment for ZESA Holdings. It has a diversified business portfolio. It looks into new dimensions such as land development, irrigation works and installations, manufacturing electricity, end use equipment, development of new IT products and regional markets. It consists of four business units.
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* PowerTel Communications
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PowerTel Communication is a registered Internet services provider in Zimbabwe. In March 2011, Powertel extended to create a second gateway to the undersea cable Seacom.  
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<ref name="Who we are"> [http://www.zesa.co.zw/  Who we are], ''Who we are'', Retrieved: 13 October 2014''
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===Ownership===
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ZESA and subsidiaries are owned by the relevant ministry.
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==History==
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The Electricity Act of 1936 established the Electricity Supply Commission, and it took over the Gweru, Mutare and Kadoma power stations. Harare and Bulawayo retained their’s.
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Kariba Dam construction was started in 1955, by the Federal Government and by 1960, the South Bank power station was completed and generating 600MW. In 1963, the Central African Power Corporation (CAPCO) was established as a result. In 1977 the North Bank power station came on line and added 600MW to production. In 1986, the South Bank generators were boosted to 750MW.
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Construction of Hwange Thermal Power Station was begun in 1970, with coal to be supplied from the colliery via a 3.5km conveyor belt complex. Power was first produced in 1986, following delays caused by sanctions on Rhodesia and a boiler explosion in 1884.
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The Electricity Act of 1985 established the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (ZESA). Until this time, Harare, Bulawayo, Gweru and Mutare sold to their own customers at their own rates, and ESC did the rest of the country.
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Zimbabwe is connected to the DRC through the Kariba connecton with Zambia. It is also connected to Zambia at Victoria Falls and Chirundu. It is connected to South Africa at Beitbridge. And Mozambique to the Revue Hydro Electric Scheme (Eastern Districts) and Cahora Bassa through the Bindura Intercoupler.
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<ref name="Encyclopedia Zimbabwe"> [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe'', Quest Publishing: 1987, Retrieved: 25 July 2019''
  
===Zesa Enterprises (ZENT)===
 
ZENT works strategically as an organ responsible for investment for ZESA Holdings. It has a diversified business portfolio. It spearheads the drive into new dimensions such as land development, irrigation works and installations, manufacturing electricity end use equipment, development of new IT products and regional markets. It comprises four business units.<ref name="zent">, [http://www.zesa.co.zw/index.php/2012-12-12-10-37-20/zent Zesa Enterprises (ZENT)], "ZESA Holdings", retrieved:13 Oct 2014"</ref>
 
  
===[[PowerTel Communications]]===
 
PowerTel Communication is a registered Internet services provider in the country. It has a a considerable coverage in Zimbabwe through its fibre cable system. Its offices are located at the famous [[Joina City]] building in Harare. PowerTel also has a Broadband Wireless network covering major parts of the country.
 
  
 
==Operations==
 
==Operations==

Revision as of 17:53, 26 July 2019

ZESA
Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority.png
National Power Company overview
HeadquartersHarare
National Power Company executiveEng Josh Chifamba
Footnotes
Contact Numbers: +263 4 773302/04-10

+263 4 773314/16/18/19/24/28-31/34,
+263 4 774491/96/98-9

http://www.zesa.co.zw/

The Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority, (ZESA) under the Ministry and Energy and Power Development was established as the producer, distributor, and regulator of Zimbabwe’s electrical power by Act in 1981 and formed in 1985. It has a number of subsidiary companies with various specialties in power generation, transmission distribution, regulation and communications.

Since then we have had the Electricity Acts of 1985, 1988, 1990, 1992, and 2001, which formed the current ZESA. Two acts, the Electricity Act (Chapter 13:19) and the Rural Electrification Fund Act (Chapter 13:20) refer.

This Act also formed the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission Company (ZETCO), (now ZETDC), Zimbabwe Electricity Distribution Company (ZEDC), ZESA Enterprises and PowerTel Communications.

Under the established structure, all power generation assets and operations are under the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) formed in October 1996. Distribution assets (the grid) and supply functions fall under the Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission and Distribution Company (ZETDC). ZESA Enterprises (ZENT), is comprised of four business units namely ZESA Technology Centre, Production and Services, Transport Logistics and Projects.

A separate Rural Electrification Fund, a Board and Agency, have been set up under the Rural Electrification Fund Act, passed in January 2002. The Agency is administering a special fund to finance the rural electrification projects


Current structure

Physical

This was formed in 1996 as an investment vehicle in the generation of electricity and became operational in 1999. The organisation has been authorised to construct, own, operate and maintain power generation stations for the supply of electricity. ZPC currently operates four coal fired power stations, Hwange, Bulawayo, Munyati and Harare thermal stations, and one hydro power station, Kariba South Power Station.

In June 2019 they produced about: Hwange – 520MW Bulawayo – 18MW Munyati – 17MW Harare – 17MW And Kariba – 200 to 650MW.

This is responsible for the transmission and distribution of electricity from the power stations, as well as its retailing to end users.

ZENT works strategically as an organ responsible for investment for ZESA Holdings. It has a diversified business portfolio. It looks into new dimensions such as land development, irrigation works and installations, manufacturing electricity, end use equipment, development of new IT products and regional markets. It consists of four business units.

  • PowerTel Communications

PowerTel Communication is a registered Internet services provider in Zimbabwe. In March 2011, Powertel extended to create a second gateway to the undersea cable Seacom. Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Load Shedding

ZESA has accumulated a number of nick names due to its expert load shedding style. In Zimbabwe during winters, some residential areas especially in Harare go for dozens of hours without electricity. Winter wheat farmers are usually the most affected in terms of production since the crop requires electricity for irrigation. Some areas have also faced perennial blackouts by going for months without electricity. These inconsistencies have given Zesa Holdings an outlook of a weak and incompetent organisation in the eyes of the Zimbabwean public. In 2014, there was speculation that ZESA was in fact exporting electricity to countries such as Mozambique while the country was in "darkness".

Performance

ZESA Holdings has generally been under-performing especially in terms of providing the much needed services such as electricity. There is also growing concern over the electricity rates being charged by the consumers which are high as compared to the regional rates. In contrast, the company has failed to combat financial challenges especially with regards to payment of its workers. In 2014, the company was marred with battles with its formers employees for failing to honour some of its financial obligations.[1]

Related Profiles You Might Want to See


Prepaid Meter Scandal

An audit by the Auditor General revealed that the Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission and Distribution Company (ZETDC) accepted a wrong consignment of prepaid meters destined for South Africa. The audit also revealed that 10 426 of the 502 858 deployed by ZETDC had failed as of May 20 2016, which was well above the acceptable failure quantity of 1 508.

The 2017 audit report prepared by Auditor General, Mrs. Mildred Chiri revealed there was no evidence that ZETDC had used results of a pilot project conducted at a cost of $1,5 million. [2]

References

  1. G. Sibanda, Zesa Holdings in salary storm, published:13 Oct 2014,retrieved:"
  2. Zesa in Prepaid Meter Scandal, , Published:22 January 2018 , Retrieved: 22 January 2018