Zimbabwe People's Army

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The Zimbabwe People's Arm (ZIPA) was a Zimbabwean liberation army formed in 1975 as a coalition of the Zimbabwe People’s Revolutionary Army (Zipra), the military wing of PF Zapu, and the Zimbabwe National Liberation Army (Zanla), the military wing of Zanu PF.[1]

ZIPA was a creation of the Organisation of African Unity Liberation Committee, meant to resume armed struggle against the Rhodesian white minority government. The OAULC had been asked by Zanla commanders to let them resume armed struggle on the grounds that détente had failed.

ZIPA's Joint Military Command was comprised of 9 commanders from both Zipra and Zanla. It's commander was the late army commander General Solomon Mujuru (Rex Nhongo).

Arrests

Some of ZIPA leadership were arrested in Mozambique by Samora Machel's government. The arrests were made after a meeting in Beira called by Machel to discuss ZIPA's lack of support for the Geneva Conference. Some of those arrested include, Chrispen Mataire and the late Dzinashe Machingura. These prisoners were released after 3 years and by then Zimbabwe' had attained its independence from the Rhodesian government.

  1. Chrispen Mataire, Dzinashe Machingura deserved better, Zimbabwe Independent, Published:6 June 2014, Retrieved:8 June 2014