Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (ARDA) is a farming parastatal in Zimbabwe under the Ministry of Agriculture Mechanisation and Irrigation Development.
It has a substantial land holding across the country, including 21 estates of varying sizes, with a total of 98,000 ha of arable land, 19,000 ha of which is irrigable.
In the last few years, as part of a reform programme focused on parastatals, the government has encouraged ARDA to go into public-private partnerships with private companies in an attempt to revive their fortunes, seeking new finance and investment from the private sector. 40 companies bid for such partnerships in 2014, involving a mix of local and foreign capital.
Currently there are 12 estates with such joint ventures: Chisumbanje, Middle Sabi, Katiyo, Mkwasine, Sisi, Nandi, Faire Acres, Jotsholo, Antelope, Ngwezi, Sedgewik and Doreen’s Pride. Those that remain wholly managed by Government include; Balu, Sanyati, Muzarabani, Mushumbi Pools, Nijo, Katiyo Main Estate, Rusitu, Magudu and Kairezi.
The most (in)famous is the Chisumbanje estate, where tycoon Billy Rautenbach took over operations, and built a mill for processing sugar cane. Land disputes and controversies over ethanol pricing and markets have plagued the operation for some years.
Arda Private Public Partnership Projects
|Estate||Farming Activities||Partnership Model||Private sector partner||Year of establishment|
|1. Chisumbanje||· Sugarcane Production||Joint Venture||Green Fuel (Pvt) Ltd and Macdom Investments (Pvt) Ltd||BOT in 2009 but converted to JV in 2013|
|· Ethanol Production|
|2. Middle Sabi||· Sugarcane Production||20- Year Build Operate and Transfer (BOT)||Rating Investments (Pvt) Ltd||2009|
|3. Umguza Plots – 45ha||· Horticulture, Maize and Wheat||10-year Rehabilitate Operate and Transfer (ROT) Arrangements||Obert Mpofu||2009|
|4. Katiyo (193ha Rumbizi & Chiwira Sections)||· Green Leaf Tea Production||12-Year Management Contract||Eastern Highlands Plantations Limited||2010|
|5. Mkwasine||· Game/Safari Hunting||5- Year Management Contract||Zambezi Hunters (Pvt) Ltd||2010|
|6. Nandi||· Sugarcane Production||5- Year Management Contract Arrangement||Mangwa Quip (Pvt) Ltd||2014|
|7. Fair Acres||· Soyabeans (summer) and wheat (winter)||5-Year share Farming Arrangement||Northern Farming (Pvt) Ltd||2014|
|8. Jotsholo||· Cotton Seed Production||1-Year Renewable Contract Farming Arrangement||Chinarda (Pvt) Ltd||2014|
|9. Antelope||· Maize (summer) wheat (winter)||5- Year Management Contract||Trek Petroleum (Pvt) Ltd||2015|
|10. Ngwezi||· Maize (summer) wheat (winter)||5-Year share Farming Arrangement||Trek Petroleum (Pvt) Ltd||2015|
|11. Sedgewick||· Livestock Rearing||5-Year Grazing Contract||Madzimbabwe Asphalt||2015|
|12. Doreen’s Pride||· Livestock Rearing, Maize and wheat||10-Year Contract Farming Arrangement||Trek Petroleum (Pvt) Ltd||2015|
- Can joint ventures revive large-scale commercial agriculture in Zimbabwe?, Zimbabwe Land, Published:31 Oct, Retrieved: 20 Nov 2016