Blue Ocean-Taking Back Zanu PF

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Blue Ocean-Taking back Zanu PF is a document allegedly penned by Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association members. The document was first mentioned by Zimbabwe Vice President Phelekezela Mphoko.


The document was first mentioned by Phelekezela Mphoko during an extraordinary ZANU-PF Matebeleland North Province Coordinating Committee meeting in Lupane in early June 2016. According to Mphoko the document laid down strategies on how the war veterans would target their perceived enemies, namely the G40. Mphoko said that,

"Their strategy is that they will undermine everyone they perceive G40 and say a lot of lies to destroy you.[1]"

Alleged Authors

The 9 page document is believed to have been authored by members of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association who had selected Emmerson Mnangagwa to succeed Robert Mugabe as the leader of ZANU-PF. Chairman Christopher Mutsvangwa, secretary general Victor Matemedanda and spokesperson Douglas Mahiya were allegedly in support of having Mnangagwa succeed Mugabe and are believed to be fighting against G40.[2] The war veterans have however denied authoring the document and have accused the G40 of of producing the dossier as a way of creating disharmony between freedom fighters and Mugabe.In defense of the war veterans, Secretary General, Matemadanda said that,

"The Blue Ocean thing is their creation. It is what they are using to get the President angry about us"

Main points in the document

According to the document, there is increasing discontent in Zanu PF over Mugabe’s reluctance to put Mnangagwa on a pedestal to succeed him and Grace Mugabe's manoeuvres to seize control of the fractured ruling party. The document alleges Higher Education minister Jonathan Moyo and his Local Government counterpart Saviour Kasukuwere who are are identified as G40 kingpins, were using the First Lady to achieve their ambitions of ruling Zimbabwe.

The document says Zanu PF has three options with Emmerson Mnangagwa representing path 1 (where the party and government must go), Robert Mugabe (path 2 — where the president wants the party to go) and Grace Mugabe (path 3 — the path to self-destruction).

The document reads,

“While 2014 represented a considerable Rubicon in its own right, it is not watershed as the times that are upon. It is the outcome of this phase of political gamesmanship that will shape the future of Zanu PF and determine whether or not it will continue to dominate the political landscape of Zimbabwe. Current machinations by G40 are aimed at converging path 2 and 3 through the manipulation of the First Lady. The means to an end being their capacity to leverage on her influence on the president. The G40 cabal has coerced the First Lady into a spirited campaign against VP Mnangagwa and the real Zanu PF cadres who have a clear understanding of path 1. This has resulted in several high profile casualties in all organs of the party. Currently, the First Lady has been around the country on nationwide rallies that are eerily similar to those that culminated in the demise of the Mujuru cabal.”

Moyo is accused of holding a grudge against Mnangagwa for the failed Tsholotsho Declaration in 2004. The document says the Zanu PF strategist was not happy that Mnangagwa did not protect his backers after the plot was exposed, hence his alleged crusade to force the party’s old guard out of politics. The document says that.

“The thrust is to promote their ambition whilst forcing out the old guard through political euthanasia [committing suicide to ease pain]. That is the basis of G40’s current war. Cde Kasukuwere and Cde Patrick Zhuwao are tail hangers to Mnangagwa’s grand strategies and their only relevance is on providing resources so they won’t be able to handle.”

The document goes on to lay out several strategies to contain Grace and G40 while keeping Mnangagwa in the race to succeed Mugabe. Some of the plans include the creation of dummy corporates and non-governmental organisations as well as identifying people who will work to expand the VP’s network. The media would be used to manage Mnangagwa's image. An effort would also be made to plant Mnangagwa’s sympathisers in institutions such as the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association, Judicial Services Commission and Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission. According to the document dossiers against known members of the G40 faction would also be compiled with a view to use them on the eve of the 2018 elections.

The document states that,

“Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission must accumulate dossiers on Dr Ignatius Chombo, Prof Moyo and Cde Kasukuwere, The dossiers must be leaked strategically in 2017 while the cantankerous Cde Zhuwao will have to be kept busy with the Telecel scandals and his glaring incompetence as a government minister must be exaggerated"

The document also alleged there was a dossier incriminating Grace Mugabe in a scandal involving $2 million, which was referred to as the Zinaragate. The authors of the document palinly state their intent by saying,

“The aim is to make it toxic for anyone to be associated with the G40 group"

. Other strategies include subjecting G40 leaders to brutal character assassination, infiltrating and fomenting fights and chaos amongst the faction’s members,

“Seeds of distrust must be sown in that alliance with the First Lady with immediate effect. A potent way is to attack the glue that binds them, play on the First Lady’s interests and begin a spirited campaign for the removal of sanctions and foreign restrictions on Zimbabwe’s president and First Lady. A Godsend is setting China or Russia to make noise over this through Brics [Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa]. High level Chinese or Russian ‘business people’ or envoys will then approach the First Lady and offer her a new value proposition that not only protects her interests but goes on to guarantee her influential government position. She must be given strong impression that to ‘their countries’ this carries more plausibility if she partners with VP Mnangagwa than the G40 mavericks."

Minutes of recent war veterans meetings, which have also been disowned by war veteran leaders, showed that the former fighters believe Mnangagwa is favoured by China and Russia to take over from Mugabe. The Blue Ocean strategy also alleged that Mugabe was the real force behind G40, adding that there was bad blood between him and Mnangagwa. The authors alleged Mugabe felt “threatened by VP Mnangagwa and the prospect of his presidency being outshined by that of his protégé. The document reads,

"The feigned love for VP Mnangagwa has at times come out of the mask in certain statements and manoeuvres and the unflinching composure by VP Mnangagwa has not made matters easier. President Mugabe keeps bringing in upstarts e.g Joice Mujuru and now the G40 cabal in a bid to derail Mnangagwa".

The document queries why Mugabe has not endorsed his deputy for the presidency if he did not have anything against him. The document claims Chombo and Tizora were Mugabe’s preferred candidates for the vice-presidency ahead of Mnangagwa when the Justice minister was elevated in 2014. It says this shows Mnangagwa could also be sidelined in the race to succeed Mugabe.

The dossier also alleged that G40 was planning to make Mnangagwa a lame duck and erode his support base. A strategy is then laid out on how Mugabe's wife would be misled to believe that she has the VP’s backing only to be disappointed when it matters the most. To achieve that, a recording of youth league members discussing how Mnangagwa believes in the First Lady and secretly attacking Chris Mutsvangwa and Oppah Muchinguri would be leaked to media outlets,

“In it, it must be alleged that Cde Chris Mutsvangwa and Cde Oppah Muchinguri were failing to read the new brand of politics being pedalled by the First Lady with reference being the fight for the Zapu ticket while also throwing Cde Kasukuwere into a dogfight with Dr Chombo, Cde Innocent Tizora (Principal in the Office of the President and Cabinet) and possibly Cde Sydney Sekeramayi for the Zanu PF ticket. Preconditions for this to happen include little or no open resistance from VP Mnangagwa to all the G40 shenanigans being fronted by the First Lady. All sympathisers will have to be ordered to stand down and not interfere. The fighting must continue unabated."

In summation the document says,

“While this is work in progress, it provides a baseline from where to work from. However, it is imperative that action be taken now to prevent any further damage to the presidential ambitions of VP Mnangagwa. A meeting of minds must meet to interrogate this stratagem at soonest possible convenience.”


Effects of the document

While opening a meeting of the Zanu PF central committee in Harare, Mugabe told war veterans they have no legal or moral standing to dictate who should succeed him. He also threatened harsh action against the war veterans.

Mugabe said that,

"We don’t want to see another rise of dissident activity. I say no to the war veterans’ association that does not know its mandate. It is not your function to talk of who should succeed the President or, worse still, threaten that unless what you want is fulfilled, there shall be bloodshed. Bloodshed? You want to shed blood again? That will not be allowed and steps will be taken against them"


  1. , Nduduzo Tshuma, Mphoko cries treason...VP slams war vets for naming preferred successor, Chronicle, published: June 3, 2016, retrieved: June 20, 2016
  2. , Xolisani Ncube and Everson Mushava,War vets ‘anti Mugabe plot’ exposed, Standard, published: June 12, 2016, retrieved: June 20, 2016
  3. , Obey Manayiti, The ‘secret’ war vets document that rattled under-siege Mugabe, ', published: June 20, 2016, retrieved: June 20, 2016

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