Murewa (also Murehwa) is a town in Mashonaland East Province.
Murewa is home to about 8,559 people.
According to a 2015 Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT) report, Murewa District had a poverty prevalence rate of 71.6%. The highest poverty prevalence rate was in Ward 19, (77.2%) while the lowest poverty prevalence was in Ward 29, (48.0%). Ward 29 is in the Macheke area where there are significant farming activities as well as a business centre.
For Central Government (Parliament), Murewa is divided into Murewa North and Murewa South constituencies.
In the Zimbabwe 1985 Parliamentary Election Murewa North returned to Parliament:
- Rudo Shalom Peace Mungwashu of Zanu PF - 43 175 votes.
- Adah Murape of PF-ZAPU - 422 votes.
Murewa South returned:
- Ishemunyoro Godi Karimanzira of Zanu PF - 28 997 votes.
- Mujuru Josiah Banhamombe of UANC - 350 votes.
- Johannes Munuwepayi Mangwende of PF-ZAPU - 213 votes.
In the 1990 Parliamentary Election (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Murehwa North returned to Parliament:
- Alois Mangwende of Zanu PF, Unopposed.
Murehwa South returned:
- David Karimanzira of Zanu PF, Unopposed.
In the 2000 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Murehwa North returned to Parliament:
- Victor Chitongo of Zanu PF with 13 694 votes,
- Musarurwa Mudzingwa of MDC with 4 104 votes,
- Josiah Mujuru of UP with 461 votes.
Murehwa South returned:
- Joel Biggie Matizha of Zanu PF with 13 895 votes,
- Ward Nezi of MDC with 4 426 votes,
- Edson Chiwara of UP with 505 votes.
In the 2013 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Murehwa North returned to Parliament:
- Tendayi Makunde of Zanu PF with 8 733 votes or 47.81 percent,
- Daniel Garwe, Independent, with 6 741 votes or 36.91 percent,
- Langton Matuku of MDC–T with 2 141 votes or 11.72 percent,
- Andrea Katumba of MDC–N with 443 votes or 2.43 percent,
- 1 other with 207 votes or 1.13 percent.
Total 18 265 votes
In the 2013 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Murehwa South returned to Parliament:
- Biggie Joel Matiza of Zanu PF with 17 368 votes or 88.40 percent,
- Silas Gweshe of MDC–T with 1 729 votes or 8.80 percent,
- Workfield Matora of MDC–N with 550 votes or 2.80 percent,
Total 19 647 votes
In the 2013 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Murehwa West returned to Parliament:
- Ladislus Ndoro of Zanu PF with 12 779 votes or 70.78 percent,
- Leonard Mandaza of MDC–T with 3 665 votes or 20.30 percent,
- Alaska Kumirai of MDC–N with 954 votes or 5.28 percent,
- 2 others with 657 votes or 3.64 percent.
Total 18 055 votes
In the Zimbabwe By-elections (March 2022), Nyasha Masoka took 11 125 votes in Murewa South to retain the seat for Zanu PF after Cde Joel Biggie Matiza died in 2021.
In the 2022 By-Elections, (see Zimbabwe By-elections (March_2022)) Murewa South returned to Parliament:
- Nyasha Masoka of Zanu PF with 11 125 votes,
- Rodreck Munemo of [CCC]] with 1 729 votes,
- Dagmore Maruza of MDC Alliance with 309 votes,
- Simba Nesara of UDA with 94 votes.
The local government is Murewa RDC.
The district of Murewa stretches from Mt. Hanwa (10 km north of Macheke) in the south up to Uzumba in the north, Nyadire River North East and Nyaguvi South East of Murewa. It is dominated by traditional African agriculture of the Shona people.
Only the southern quarter of the area is covered with commercial farms, founded by European settlers. In that area, there are three hilltop fortresses belonging to the Murewa (Moyo) people, built in the later phase of ancient Monomotapa State under the Chieftainship family on Murewa, after 1500 AD.
Zhombwe Mountain is in Murewa District.
Murewa district is an agro-based economy with a lot of subsistence farmers who specialise in Vegetable and maize farming. The district is also famous for Mango production.
Murewa Arts and Culture centre
The Murewa Culture Centre was founded in 1984. It was established with the thrust of becoming an exemplary of self-sustaining arts and culture center. The center contributes to community development by creating employment in aspects such as skills empowerment in cultural industries.
People around the center benefit from the organization through their involvement in areas such as visual arts, batik, screen printing, tie and dye, crafts making, performing arts, traditional dances, garment making and textile design among others.
The center also thrives to build the capacity of arts and cultural industries such that the industry can become a competitive sector which significantly contribute towards the GDP and reduce unemployment.
Mbende Jerusarema dance
The Mbende Jerusarema Dance is a popular dance style practised in the Murewa and Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe districts. The dance is characterized by acrobatic and sensual movements by women and men, driven by a polyrhythmic drummer accompanied by men playing woodblock clappers and by women handclapping, yodelling and blowing whistles. Unlike other drum-based East African dance styles, the MbendeJerusarema does not rely on intricate foot stamping or a large number of drummers. Instead, the music is performed by one master drummer, and no songs or lyrics are involved. In the course of the dance, men often crouch while jerking both arms and vigorously kicking the ground with the right leg in imitation of a burrowing mole. The dance’s curious name reveals much about its vicissitudes over the centuries. Before colonial rule, this ancient fertility dance was called Mbende, the Shona word for “mole”, which was regarded as a symbol of fertility, sexuality and family. Under the influence of Christian missionaries, who strongly disapproved of this sexually explicit dance, the dance’s name was changed to Jerusarema, deriving from the Shona adaptation of the name of the city of Jerusalem, to endow it with a religious connotation. Both names are commonly used today. In spite of its condemnation by the missionaries, the dance remained popular and became a source of pride and identity in the struggle against colonial rule. The dance is changing its character and meaning as its enactment as an exotic animation for tourist audiences becomes more widespread. It is also increasingly used at political party rallies, where it is removed from all its original intentions. The mitumba drum, rattles and whistles, which used to accompany the dance, have successively been replaced by instruments of poor quality, contributing to the loss of the uniqueness of the Mbende music.
Schools in Murewa District
- Beta Secondary School
- Cheunje Secondary School
- Chikupo Primary and Secondary School
- Chamapango Secondary School, Murewa ,+263 78 2072QUI
- Chemapango Primary School, Murewa ,+263 78 2070
- Chemhondoro Primary School
- Chemhondoro High School
- Chikuhma Primary School, Murewa , +263 78 2199
- CHITO WA 1 PRIMARY SCH , Zimbabwe, Murewa , +263 78 2536
- CHITO WA 3 PRIMARY SCH , Zimbabwe, Murewa , +263 78 2538
- CHITO WA 3 SECONDARY SCHOOL , Zimbabwe, Murewa , +263 78 2539
- Dandara Primary Shool
- DARANGWA SCH , Zimbabwe, Murewa , +263 78 2137
- DARANWA SEC SCH , Zimbabwe, Murewa ,+263 78 2167
- Gezi Secondary School
- Gumbanjera Primary and High School
- Hokodzi Secondary School
- Hurungwe Secondary School
- Kambarami Secondary School
- Murewa Primary School
- Murewa High School
- MUTIZE PRIMARY SCHOOL ,Zimbabwe, Murewa , +263 78 2441
- Mabika Primary Secondary School
- Magaya Secondary School
- Manjonjo Primary School
- Mhembere School
- Muchinjike High School
- Muchinjike School
- Nhowe Secondary School
- Nyahuni Secondary School, Murewa, +263 78 2276
- Njedza Primary and Secondary School
- Nyahuni Adventist High School
- Nyamashato High School
- Nyamutumbu Secondary School
- Pakati Secondary School
- Rota Primary and Secondary School
- St Paul's Primary and Secondary School
- Shamu Secondary School
Hospitals in Murewa
- Beta House St Paul's Mission, Zimbabwe, Murewa,+263 78 2050
- Chikari (Mandishona) Surgery & Maternity Home, Zimbabwe, Murewa,+263 78 2047 QUICK DETAILS
- St Paul's Mission Hospital, Zimbabwe, Murewa, +263 78 2053