Masvingo is one of Zimbabwe's smaller cities which is located on south eastern part of Zimbabwe. It is the capital of the Masvingo Province. The city is known mostly for it's proximity to the Great Zimbabwe Ruins, an ancient city located about 28 kilometers away.

Masvingo, formally Fort Victoria is one of the oldest towns in Zimbabwe having been found in 1890. Mostly populated by the Karanga people, the town is located in south-eastern part of the country bordering Mozambique on its eastern border and Matabeleland South to the south, Midlands to the north and west and Manicaland to the north east.

The Masvingo Local Government is Masvingo Municipality and Masvingo RDC.
Masvingo is the capital of Masvingo Province.

Masvingo is served by Masvingo Provincial Hospital.
See Kyle College.
See Lundi Secondary School.
See Mazambara Secondary School.
See Victoria High School.
See Zimuto High School.
See High Schools Of Zimbabwe.


The Masvingo City

Masvingo was Rhodesia's first town having been built by the Pioneer Column when it arrived in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). The fort was built in 1890, and was named Fort Victoria after then queen of England, Queen Victoria. By 1899 however the the prefix was dropped and it became plain Victoria, only to revert to its original name in 1917.[1]

In 1982, it was renamed Nyanda, for about six months, after which it was changed again from Nyanda to Masvingo (also in 1982).

Geography and Climate

Masvingo stands at coordinates 20°3'S, 30°52'E. The city has a mean temperature of 19.4 degrees Celsius and total annual precipitation that averages 614.4 mm. The sun in Masvingo averages 2991 hours annualy.[2]

Tourist Attractions

Mutirikwi Dam
  • Great Zimbabwe Monument

The ruins are one of the oldest in Africa having been built without mortar around 1250 AD.

This is the largest man-made lake within the country that offers fishing and boating activities.

  • Bondolfi, Serima & Driefontein missions
  • Bushman Paintings
  • Civic centre and gardens
  • Copota school for the Blind
  • Glenlivet
  • Kyle Recreational Park (Mutirikwi Recreational Park)

The area has superb mountains

  • Italian Chapel

This magnificent site was built by Italian prisoners of war during World War 2.[3]


In December 1991, the Maxim gun, removed at independence and taken to the Military Museum in Gweru, was remounted at its original site at the corner of Robert Mugabe Way and Leopold Takawira Avenue, apparently a few days before Queen Elizabeth II’s visit to the town in October. The Town Clerk, Cde Tsunga Mhangami, alluding to political reforms taking place worldwide, said the remounting of the gun was “part of the changes.’’ “People are beginning to be politically mature and because the gun has always been a part of this town, it would therefore be unfair for future generations of this town to be deprived of their history’’, he said. [4]

(Other information is that the machine gun was the Gardener Gun brought with the Pioneer Column)


  1. Fort Victoria - Gateway to Rhodesia,'Rhodesia Me', Published: ND, Retrieved: 5 May 2014
  2. Climate of Masvingo, Zimbabwe Average Weather, 'Climate Maps', Published: ND, Retrieved: 5 May 2014
  3. See and Do Masvingo Zimbabwe, 'AfriZim', Published: ND, Retrieved: 2 May 2014
  4. Masvingo, Maxim, The Chronicle, Published: 3 December 1991, Retrieved: 2 April 2020