Mazowe (formerly Mazoe) is a town (and District) located in Mashonaland Central Province. It is about 38 km north of Harare. It was known for it's citrus estates.

Mazowe Dam


Lat/Long: 17° 31′S, 30° 58′E
Mashonaland Central Province.


In 1969, 95 810 Africans, 1990 Europeans. [1]
In 2009, the population was about 9,966 people.


The name comes from Manzozo, the place of the elephant. [2]

Pre-colonial gold working sites were numerous, and the settlement was started in 1890 to serve the new colonial activity. Gold mining has declined (although small scale artisanal works continue) and the area is now better known for it's agriculture. It is said to be the best agricultural land in Zimbabwe, with the Enterprise Valley coming second. Mazowe Dam, built in 1920, was built to provide irrigation for the citrus estates. [3]

Maize, cotton and tobacco are also grown in the area. [4]

Mazoe is linked to many Rhodesian historical events, especially around the 1896 First Chimurenga. Mbuya Nehanda lived in the area. The Mazoe Patrol went from Harare to Alice Mine at Mazoe to rescue whites there, and returned.

Government/Other information

In the Zimbabwe 1985 Parliamentary Election, Mazowe returnd to Parliament:

In the 2000 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Mazowe West returned to Parliament:

Mazowe East returned:

Mazowe Local Government is Mazowe RDC.

See Howard High School.
See Langham Secondary School.
See Mazowe High School is a boys boarding school in the area.
The popular juice drink Mazoe Orange Crush, which was founded in 1930, is named after the town. See Arthur Sturgess.

Mazoe - The Drink!

Famous people associated with Mazowe are:


  1. [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed), Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  2. [Chief Information Officer, Lore and Legend of Southern Rhodesia Place Names] (Southern Rhodesia Information Service, Salisbury, 1960) Retrieved 8 November 2021"
  3. [Mary Akers (ed.), Encyclopaedia Rhodesia] (The College Press, Salisbury, 1973) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  4. [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe, (Quest Publishing, Harare, 1987), Retrieved: 25 July 2019