General elections were held in Southern Rhodesia in February 1980 to elect a government that would take over from the colonial government after the Lancaster House Agreement. The election was won by the Zanu-PF and its leader Robert Mugabe became the first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe. Canaan Banana became the first President.

the 1980 Elections had separate rolls, a common roll and a white roll. The common roll, which elected 80 of the 100 House of Assembly seats, was for Africans while the white roll was for Europeans. Zanu-PF won 63% of the common roll, and Joshua Nkomo's Zapu 24.1%. Ian Smith's Rhodesian Front got 83% of the white roll.

Independence celebrations, attended by the heads of states and representatives of over 100 countries, were held later that year on 18 April 1980.

Results

Party White roll Common roll Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Zanu 1,668,992 63.0 57 57
Zapu 638,879 24.1 20 20
Rhodesian Front 13,621 83.0 20 20
United African National Council 219,307 8.3 3 3
ZANU-Ndonga 53,343 2.0 0 0
Zimbabwe Democratic Party 28,181 1.1 0 0
National Front of Zimbabwe 18,794 0.7 0 0
National Democratic Union 15,056 0.6 0 0
United National Federal Party 5,796 0.2 0 0
United People's Association of Matabeleland 1,181 0.0 0 0
Independents 2,781 17.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 52,746
Total 16,402 100 20 2,702,275 100 80 100
Source: African Elections Database

Provincial common roll results

Province NDU NFZ ZAPU-PF UANC ZANU-N ZANU-PF ZDP Other parties
Votes % Votes % Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Votes % Seats Votes % Votes (%)
Manicaland (11) 1,837 0.6 1,283 0.4 4,992 1.6 19,608 6.2 16,843 5.4 263,972 84.1 11 5,251 1.7
Mashonaland Central (6) 1,216 0.7 1,086 0.6 3,947 2.3 14,985 8.6 3,671 2.1 146,665 83.8 6 2,446 1.4 UNFP 914 (0.5%)
Mashonaland East (16) 2,359 0.4 1,668 0.3 28,805 4.6 75,237 11.9 2 9,499 1.5 508,813 80.5 14 4,466 0.7 UNFP 1,593 (0.3%)
Mashonaland West (8) 2,211 0.8 2,589 0.9 37,888 13.4 1 28,728 10.2 1 4,688 1.7 203,567 71.9 6 3,261 1.2
Matabeleland North (10) 1,840 0.5 4,517 1.1 313,435 79.0 9 30,274 7.6 3,218 0.8 39,819 10.0 1 1,333 0.3 UNFP 1,340 (0.3%), UPAM 729 (0.2%)
Matabeleland South (6) 927 0.5 2,494 1.4 148,745 86.4 6 5,615 3.3 694 0.4 11,787 6.8 775 0.5 UNFP 619 (0.4%), UPAM 452 (0.3%)
Midlands (12) 2,218 0.6 3,087 0.9 94,960 27.1 4 30,245 8.6 5,792 1.7 209,092 59.7 8 3,387 1.0 UNFP 1,330 (0.4%)
Victoria (11) 2,448 0.7 2,070 0.6 6,107 1.9 14,615 4.5 8,938 2.7 285,277 87.3 11 7,262 2.2






References