Job Sikhala

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Job Sikhala

Job Wiwa Sikhala, (sometimes called Job ‘The General’ Sikhala) is an outspoken politician and the current (2022) Vice Chairman of the Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC). In July 2018, he won the Zengeza West Parliamentary seat representing the opposition MDC Alliance then led byNelson Chamisa.

JobSikhala MorganTsvangirai.jpg

In July 2019, Sikhala was arrested and charged with subversion for allegedly saying the MDC would overthrow Emmerson Mnangagwa's government before 2023. On 15 July he was released on $5,000 bail.

Personal Details

Born: 1972.
Marriage: Married with 9 children with his wife. He sired the 9 children in a space of ten years.[1] In 2023, he had 11 children.

School / Education

Tertiary: History and economic history, University of Zimbabwe. [2]


Student Activism

Sikhala started his political activism whilst he was still an undergraduate student at the University of Zimbabwe in the 1990s. He was from a violent crop of students which included the likes of Learnmore Jongwe. He became popular among opposition supporters due to his violent nature. He also led demonstrations against University admin at the University of Zimbabwe.

Joining the MDC

Sikhala joined the Movement for Democratic Change at its formation in 1999. He managed to land a post in the national executive which included the likes of Morgan Tsvangirai, Gibson Sibanda, Tendai Biti, Learnmore Jongwe and Arthur Mutambara.

In the 2000 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) St Mary's returned to Parliament:

It was during his tenure as the Member of Parliament for St Mary's that he was allegedly involved in acts of violence and sabotage when he was accused of torching a bus in Chitungwiza together with other rowdy youths.


Formation of MDC 99

When the MDC split in 2005, Sikhala went with Secretary General Welshman Ncube faction. A few years later he broke away from Ncube’s party citing what he called dictatorial tendencies. He then formed his MDC-99, naming it after the year in which the once united Movement for Democratic Change was formed. The party did not receive adequate support and suffered serious defeats in both parliamentary and presidential elections.

Rejoining MDC T

Sikhala and his colleague, Joubert Mudzumwe, rejoined MDC-T in 2014. He said he would support Morgan Tsvangirai despite growing calls for the former prime minister to step down as party leader. Sikhala told a press conference at MDC-T headquarters in Harare that he decided to return to the mainstream MDC, which was in turmoil and leadership crisis, so as to complete the change they started in 1999.

Coup Plot Allegations, Arrest & Torture in 2014

Sikhala was in 2014 caught up in the Zanu PF succession and factionalism saga. He was accused of being among a group of co-plotters planning the assassination of President Robert Mugabe. State Media reported that Sikhala was, in fact, working with the Joice Mujuru camp which included other Zanu PF hardliners such as Rugare Gumbo, Didymus Mutasa and Nicholas Goche. [3]

In November 2014, Sikhala was arrested at Beitbridge Border on his way from South Africa. He was taken to Harare Central Police Station where he was quizzed on allegations of plotting to kill President Robert Mugabe. Soon after his release, Sikhala wrote on his Facebook page;

"I am just waking up now after my release from the hands of Robert Mugabe's evil securocrats who tormented me from yesterday in the morning to early hours of today trying to squeeze charges that I am plotting the tyrant's overthrow. I told them that it is not only my desire to see Mugabe gone but it is the wish shared by millions of Zimbabweans both locally and in the diaspora including the majority in his own party. I told them though it is the wish of us millions, I haven't yet started plotting his downfall. Asking for evidence about the plot, they produced an inaudible voice recorder which makes the Ari Ben Menashe one the best recordings in the world. You can hardly hear anything."[4]

Sikhala was represented by his lawyer who is also MDC's Secretary General Douglas Mwonzora. He was released after the police failed to produce sufficient evidence against Sikhala.

Sikhala claimed that he was brutally assaulted by police officers interrogating him on Saturday 29 November 2014. Sikhala was as a result of the assault admitted to a hospital with his blood pressure said to have risen to dangerous levels. According to Morgan Muchawaya who was running Sikhala’s Facebook page:

“Our freedom fighter has been tortured today in the morning by security agents on the underground bunker at the Harare Central Police station. He was invited to report to the Law and Order yesterday at late hours. “He was not in Harare as he was in his rural village, where he later made arrangements with his lawyer to report today in the morning. He then went to report this morning with his lawyer Alec Muchadehama.[5]

“His lawyer and some of us who accompanied him there refused to accompany him to the interrogation room. We were asked to stay outside for hours only to hear that the party had made contingent measures to take him to hospital. He is currently in hospital and treated with torture pains.

His explanation is that there was no interrogation they did to him but accused him of having gone to Swaziland to meet some white German national who wanted to give him arms of war to wage a war against the government.

He also says that he was tortured being asked why he left MDC99 to regroup with Morgan Tsvangirai. They took all the possessions that were in his pocket. Sikhala says he never met any white person for some time now and that he was in Swaziland on holiday after he was invited by his brother-in-law,”[5]

Arrest On Treason Charges In 2019

On 7 July during a speech at a Rally in Masvingo, Sikhala said that his party would overthrow Emmerson Mnangagwa's government:

We are a connected leadership, that will give Zanu-PF headaches. And vaChibaya was not lying or joking, the war and the fight we're going to take to the doorsteps of Emmerson Mnangagwa. We are going to overthrow before 2023. That is not a joke.[6]

Following the publication of a story of the rally, Zimbabwe Republic Police summoned Sikhala on 8 July and he was charged with Subversion.

In his defense, Sikhala said in an interview with a publication that he had not meant that he would overthrow the government but

What I meant was that we need to overthrow hunger, intimidation, abuse of traditional leaders, poverty and all vices associated with the current mismanagement of our state by the current government"[7]

Sikhala's trial was moved to Masvingo apparently because he had committed the alleged offense in that city.

On 15 July 2019, Sikhala was remanded out of custody on ZWL$5 000 bail.

Arrest on Allegations of Inciting Violence (2020)

Sikhala was arrested on 21 August 2020 in Tynwald North. Sikhala was been charged with incitement to commit public violence as defined in section 187(1)(a) as read with section 36(1)(a) of the Code alternatively incitement to commit public violence as defined in section 187(1)(b) of the Code as read with section 36(1)(b) of Code.

Or alternatively, incitement to participate in a gathering with intent to promote public violence, breaches of peace or bigotry as defined in section 187(1)(a) of the Code as read with section 37(1)(a) of the Code.

Police allege that the Zengeza West MP incited people between May 2020 & 20 July 2020 to participate in public demonstrations that would cause public violence & breach of peace among people in Zimbabwe on 31 July 2020 by posting video clips with inciting messages. [8]

His lawyer, Jeremiah Bamu, was briefly arrested at the Harare Magistrate Court on 22 August but later released without any charges.

Sikhala was denied bail on 3 September 2020. He is facing charges of incitement of violence over videos he allegedly recorded supporting mass protests that were planned for July 31, 2020. [9]

Job Sikhala was set to appear before Justice Erica Ndewere at the High Court on 14 September 2020 for his bail hearing. He was represented by the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights.

High Court judge, Justice Erica Ndewere released MDC Alliance legislator for Zengeza Job Sikhala on $50 000 bail on 22 September 2020. Sikhala was ordered to surrender his passport, to report three times a week to St Mary’s police station and not to post audio or videos on social media. [10]

Arrest on Allegations of Inciting Violence (2022)

Sikhala was arrested in June 2022 and charged with inciting violence when he allegedly threatened to avenge the murder of an opposition activist, Moreblessing Ali. [11] His co-accused, Godfrey Sithole, was released in November 2022, along with 14 others. He has been arrested more than 60 times, with a Harare court describing him as a habitual offender.

Alleged Stoning, 2022, 2023

On 20 April 2023, Job Sikala and Lovemore Maiko again went before Harare Magistrate Mrs Yeukai Dzuda. They faced charges of disorderly conduct after they allegedly stoned some Zanu PF supporters who were holding a rally at Zengeza 5 open ground on 2 May 2022. The lawyers for both Sikhala and Maiko indicated they did not have State papers and needed time to prepare for trial, so they were placed on remand and were given 9 May 2023 as the trial date. [12]

Conviction, And Later Acquittal for Obstructing the Course of Justice

On 03 May 2023, Job Sikhala was convicted by Magistrate Marewanazvo Gofa of obstructing the course of justice and sentenced to be fined US$600 or go to jail for 6 months. The case emanated from a video Sikhala posted on social media claiming that Moreblessing Ali, a member of the Coalition for Change (CCC) was murdered by Zanu PF supporters. Sikhala had been in jail since June 2022, and remained incarcerated as he still faced three other charges, including incitement of public violence. Sikhala’s defence counsel pleaded for leniency, and Magistrate Gofa considered that in her verdict. [13] [14]

On 28 November 2023, Sikhala’s conviction for obstructing the course of justice was overturned by High Court judges Justices Pisirayi Kwenda and Benjamin Chikowero.[15] The Justices, sitting as an appeal court ruled that Magistrate Marewanazvo Gofa erred when she convicted Sikhala. He, however, remained in jail as he was on trial for three additional charges: publishing falsehoods, incitement to commit violence, and disorderly conduct.

Denied Bail 15 Times

On 5 June 2023, Job Sikhala was denied bail for the fifteenth time since his arrest in June 2022. Sikhala’s trial began on 3 January 2023, but was stalled when he requested that the proceedings be broadcast live. Sikhala said he is unwell and fears being killed in prison. If found guilty, he could be sentenced to 20 years in prison.

CCC spokesperson Fadzayi Mahere said: The continued incarceration of Job Sikhala is one of the latest signs of the political crisis and shrinking democratic space in Zimbabwe. He is being persecuted. There is no legal justification for him to be detained without trial for over 200 days. Political analyst Ibbo Mandaza, has petitioned the international community to intervene in Sikhala’s case. Lawyer Doug Coltart, said it is evident that the state intends to detain Sikhala for an extended period, and it appears that this action is politically motivated. Tendai Biti expressed shock at the continued denial of bail, stating that it represents a fundamental change of circumstances. He added that the law must remain autonomous and protect itself against capture. Journalist Hopewell Chin'ono condemned Sikhala’s detention. Actor Chipo Chung (daughter of Fay Chung) questioned the detention and demanded justice for victims of violence. She expressed disappointment at the lack of progress towards a new dispensation and called on President Mnangagwa to address the situation.

One Year

On 14 June 2022, Job Sikhala was arrested and charged with incitement to commit public violence (two charges). While in prison, the Zengeza West MP was given another charge, - of obstructing or defeating the course of justice (for which he was convicted, see above, so no longer a ‘charge’) and now a third charge, that of disorderly conduct in a public place.

Conviction on Inciting Public Violence

On 24 January 2024, Sikhala and his co-accused Chitungwiza North Member of Parliament Godfrey Sithole were convicted of inciting public violence in June 2022 following the murder of Moreblessing Ali by an alleged former boyfriend, Pius Mukandi, alias Jamba.[16]

Sikhala and Sithole were convicted after a full trial by Harare magistrate Tafadzwa Miti. According to prosecutors, Sikhala posted a video encouraging CCC supporters to avenge Ali’s death. Sithole allegedly hired lorries to ferry people from Epworth and other surrounding areas to Nyatsime.

The Nyatsime violence destroyed 20 homes, 13 shops, six tuckshops and vehicles, allegedly by CCC supporters whom Sikhala and Sithole had incited. Magistrate Miti said:

To incite is to influence the mind of another to commit public violence, this can also be by gesture. The court is therefore convinced that the two indeed committed the crime of incitement to commit violence. As such the two accused persons are found guilty as charged.

On 30 January 2024, Magistrate Miti sentenced Sikhala to a suspended two-year prison term after convicting him of inciting public violence.[17]

Sikhala had been arrested and detained on 14 June 2022. He was released from Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison after being jailed for 595 days.


  1. , Job Sikhala who impregnated his wife 9 times in 10 years gets arrested, "My Zimbabwe", published:27 Nov 2014,retrieved:28 Nov 2014"
  2. , Job Sikhala, "BBC News", retrieved:28 Nov 2014"
  3. , Mujuru Backers Meet Job Sikhala, "Chronicle", published:20 Nov 2014,retrieved:28 Nov 2014"
  4. Job Sikhala, Job Sikhala, "Job Sikhala Facebook Page", published:28 Nov 2014,retrieved:28 Nov 2014"
  5. 5.0 5.1 , Job Sikhala brutally assaulted (Pictures), "Nehanda Radio", published:29 Nov 2014,retrieved:01 Dec 2014"
  6. WATCH: Job Sikhala Vows To Overthrow Mnangagwa Before 2023, Pindula News, Published:07 July 2019, Retrieved: 15 July 2019
  7. “What I Meant Is That We Need To Overthrow Hunger,” Job Sikhala, Pindula News, Published: 09 July 2019, Retrieved: 15 July 2019
  8. Mandla Ndlovu, [1], Bulawayo 24 News, Published: 22 August, 2020, Accessed: 22 August, 2020
  9. ZimLive, [2], ZimLive, Published: 3 September, 2020, Accessed: 3 September, 2020
  10. [3], Newsday, Published: 22 September 2020, Accessed: 22 September 2020
  11. , Nyasha Chingono, Zimbabwe court denies opposition MP pre-trial bail for fifteenth time, The Guardian, Published: 05 January 2023, Retrieved: 12 May 2023
  12. Sikhala, Maiko face fresh charges, The Herald, Published: 21 April 2023, Retrieved: 19 September 2023
  13. Sikhala Ordered To Pay US$600 Or Serve 6 Months Jail, Pindula, Published: 3 May 2023, Retrieved: 19 June 2023
  14. , Nqobizwe Thebe and Miriam Mangwaya, ‘Dark day for justice’., NewsDay, Published: 04 May 2023, Retrieved: 12 May 2023
  15. Lindie Whiz, Job Sikhala’s conviction for obstructing the course of justice overturned, ZimLive1, Published: 28 November 2023, Retrieved: 29 November 2023
  16. Yeukai Karengezeka, Sikhala, Sithole convicted of incitement, The HeraldZim, Published: 25 January 2024, Retrieved: 05 February 2024
  17. Idriss Nassah, Zimbabwe Opposition Leader Freed After 595 Days Behind Bars, Human Rights Watch, Published: 30 January 2024, Retrieved: 05 February 2024

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